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Noun Adjective Agreement Copy

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Noun adj agreement Spanish

Noun adj agreement Spanish

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  • 1. Adjective/Noun Agreement It all has to match!
  • 2. Number and Gender
    • Adjectives are words which describe nouns or pronouns.
    • In Spanish, all adjectives must agree in number and gender with the nouns they describe.
    • Gender : nouns are either masculine or feminine
    • Number: nouns are either singular or plural.
  • 3. So what is a “masculine” noun anyway?
    • Masculine nouns usually end with the letters L-O-N-E-R-S.
    • Feminine nouns usually end in the letters
    • D-ion-Z-A.
    • To make nouns or adjectives plural add “s” to words ending with vowels, add “es” to words ending with consonants.
    • Ex. El chico ---- Los chicos
    • el papel ---- Los papeles
  • 4. Examples of maculine and feminine nouns :
    • Masculine Feminine
    • L – el papel D – la ciudad
    • O – el amigo ion – la televisi ón
    • N – el jardín Z – la actriz
    • E – el cine A – la amiga
    • R – el borrador
    • S – el sacapuntas
  • 5. Are these nouns masculine or feminine?
    • Lecci ón
    • Tinta
    • Universidad
    • Edificio
    • dedo
    feminine feminine feminine masculine masculine
  • 6. How to use adjectives
    • Unlike English, in Spanish, adjectives usually follow the nouns they describe.
    • Ex. Un chico trabajador
    • Unos chicos trabajadores
    • Un chica trabajadora
    • Unas chicas trabajadoras
  • 7. How would you say the following?
    • The short girl
    • A fat dog
    • The pretty shirt
    • Some ugly pants
  • 8. Exceptions:
    • When a noun or adjective ends in “Z” the z is changed to a “c” before making it plural
    • The following are common exceptions to gender rules:
      • El agua
      • La mano
      • El problema (and other words ending with “ma”)
      • La flor
      • La sal
  • 9. Practicamos
    • The book
    • A book
    • The books
    • The class
    • A class
    • A table
    • Some tables
    El libro Un libro Los libros La clase Una clase Una mesa Unas mesas