Noun Adjective Agreement Copy

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Noun adj agreement Spanish

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Noun Adjective Agreement Copy

  1. 1. Adjective/Noun Agreement It all has to match!
  2. 2. Number and Gender <ul><li>Adjectives are words which describe nouns or pronouns. </li></ul><ul><li>In Spanish, all adjectives must agree in number and gender with the nouns they describe. </li></ul><ul><li>Gender : nouns are either masculine or feminine </li></ul><ul><li>Number: nouns are either singular or plural. </li></ul>
  3. 3. So what is a “masculine” noun anyway? <ul><li>Masculine nouns usually end with the letters L-O-N-E-R-S. </li></ul><ul><li>Feminine nouns usually end in the letters </li></ul><ul><li>D-ion-Z-A. </li></ul><ul><li>To make nouns or adjectives plural add “s” to words ending with vowels, add “es” to words ending with consonants. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. El chico ---- Los chicos </li></ul><ul><li> el papel ---- Los papeles </li></ul>
  4. 4. Examples of maculine and feminine nouns : <ul><li>Masculine Feminine </li></ul><ul><li>L – el papel D – la ciudad </li></ul><ul><li>O – el amigo ion – la televisi ón </li></ul><ul><li>N – el jardín Z – la actriz </li></ul><ul><li>E – el cine A – la amiga </li></ul><ul><li>R – el borrador </li></ul><ul><li>S – el sacapuntas </li></ul>
  5. 5. Are these nouns masculine or feminine? <ul><li>Lecci ón </li></ul><ul><li>Tinta </li></ul><ul><li>Universidad </li></ul><ul><li>Edificio </li></ul><ul><li>dedo </li></ul>feminine feminine feminine masculine masculine
  6. 6. How to use adjectives <ul><li>Unlike English, in Spanish, adjectives usually follow the nouns they describe. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. Un chico trabajador </li></ul><ul><li>Unos chicos trabajadores </li></ul><ul><li>Un chica trabajadora </li></ul><ul><li>Unas chicas trabajadoras </li></ul>
  7. 7. How would you say the following? <ul><li>The short girl </li></ul><ul><li>A fat dog </li></ul><ul><li>The pretty shirt </li></ul><ul><li>Some ugly pants </li></ul>
  8. 8. Exceptions: <ul><li>When a noun or adjective ends in “Z” the z is changed to a “c” before making it plural </li></ul><ul><li>The following are common exceptions to gender rules: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>El agua </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>La mano </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>El problema (and other words ending with “ma”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>La flor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>La sal </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Practicamos <ul><li>The book </li></ul><ul><li>A book </li></ul><ul><li>The books </li></ul><ul><li>The class </li></ul><ul><li>A class </li></ul><ul><li>A table </li></ul><ul><li>Some tables </li></ul>El libro Un libro Los libros La clase Una clase Una mesa Unas mesas

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