Be Free Be Linux
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Transcript

  • 1. GNU/Linux Introduction
      • Be Free,
      • Be LINUX.
  • 2. About This Document
      • This document is under GNU Free Document License (FDL).
      • Feel free to use and distribute.
  • 3. History
    • Linux Beaning :
      • Linus Torvalds.
    • GNU project :
      • Richard Stallman.
    • GNU/Linux Combination.
  • 4. History
    • 1983: The GNU Project launched by RMS
    • 1991: Linux 0.01 ( 10k line of code, 1 user )
    • 1994: Linux 1.0 ( 170k line of code, 100 thousand user)
    • 1996: Linux 2.0 ( 400k line of code, 1.5 million user)
    • 1998: Open Source Definition (4 Freedoms)
    • 1998: Linux 2.1.11 ( 1.5M line of code, 7.5 million user)
    • 1999: Linux 2.2: 12 million users.
  • 5. 4 Freedoms(1998)
    • The freedom to run the program, for any purpose (freedom 0).
    • The freedom to study how the program works, and adapt it to your needs (freedom 1). Access to the source code is a precondition for this.
    • The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor (freedom 2).
    • The freedom to improve the program, and release your improvements to the public, so that the whole community benefits (freedom 3).
  • 6. Distributions
    • Meaning of a Distribution.
    • Many Resales of one Distribution.
    • Debian ,Slack ware ,Red Hat (The Big three).
    • Other Distributions Based on Others.
    • The Best one For Beginners.
    • Distribtion Map
  • 7. Ubuntu
    • Ubuntu History.
    • Meaning of “Ubuntu”.
    • Ubuntu Releases.
    • Why Ubuntu?
  • 8. The Ubuntu Promise
    • Ubuntu will always be free of charge, including enterprise releases and security updates.
    • Ubuntu comes with full commercial support from Canonical and hundreds of companies around the world.
    • Ubuntu includes the very best translations and accessibility infrastructure that the free software community has to offer.
    • Ubuntu CDs contain only free software applications; we encourage you to use free and open source software, improve it and pass it on.
  • 9. Alternatives
    • M$ Office >> Open Office.
    • Photo Shop >> GIMP.
    • Media Player >> Mplayer,vlc,totem.
    • IE >> Mozilla Firefox.
    • Yahoo,MSN Messenger >> Pidgin.
    • For more check http://www.osalt.com/
  • 10. Pre-installation
    • Live CD
      • What is it?
      • How it work.
    • GRUB
      • What is it?
      • Dual Booting
  • 11. System Requirements
    • Minimum To Work:
      • 300 MHz x86 processor.
      • 64 MB of system memory (RAM).
      • At least 4 GB of disk space (for full installation and swap space).
      • VGA graphics card capable of 640x480 resolution.
      • CD-ROM drive or network card.
  • 12. System Requirements
    • To work Efficiently :
      • 8 GB free or more.
      • 700 MHz x86 processor.
      • Graphics card capable of 1024x768 resolution.
      • 384 MB of system memory (RAM).
      • Sound card.
      • A network or Internet connection
  • 13. Swap
    • What's Swap?
    • Why Swap?
      • Some programs are very memory-consuming.
      • Extra memory can come in handy.
      • Optimizing memory usage.
      • Hibernation (suspend-to-disk)
    • How much?
    • Swap in Linux VS Virtual Memory in Window$.
  • 14. Desktop Environment
    • Meaning of “Desktop Environment”:
      • DE not Themes.
      • ‫‪” Explorer‬‬” in Window$.
      • Explorer Components.
      • So What's the DE?!!
  • 15. Desktop Environment
    • Dead Points in Window$ DE:
      • Build inside Kernel.
      • ONE FORMAT,ONE SHAPE ,ONE DE.
      • Limited And powerfulness.
      • A Big Security Hole Inside Your PC.
  • 16. Desktop Environment
    • Advantages of Linux DE:
      • Build Away from Kernel.
      • Open source so it like sesal.
      • Separated Modules.
      • Sick not mean Death.
      • Multi DE on one OS.
      • Faster, More flexible.
      • Resources Friendly.
  • 17. Desktop Environment
    • GNOME:
  • 18. Desktop Environment
    • The Official Desktop Environment For Ubuntu.
    • The Fastest And The Easiest.
    • Design on GTK libraries.
  • 19. Desktop Environment
    • KDE:
  • 20. Desktop Environment
    • The Official Desktop Environment For Kubuntu.
    • More Beautiful.
    • Similar to Window$ DE.
    • Design on QT libraries.
  • 21. Desktop Environment
    • XFCE:
  • 22. Desktop Environment
    • The Official Desktop Environment For Xubuntu.
    • Based on GNOME.
    • For Old Computers.
    • More Simple.
  • 23. Dealing with programs
    • Repositories Concept
      • How to Deal With it?
    • Installation's Ways
      • From Add/Remove Tool.
      • From Synaptic Package Manager.
      • Dealing With APT throw the Command Line.
      • Compiling From Source Code.
  • 24. Terminal
    • What's The Terminal?
    • Difference Between Terminal and C.L.
    • Basic Commands.
    • Permissions.
  • 25. Users And Groups
    • Users Privileges :
      • Advantages in Linux
      • Disadvantages in Window$.
    • Users types in Linux :
      • Root User.
      • Super User.
      • Regular User.
  • 26. Linux File System
    • Every thing is a file inside Linux.
    • Linux Directory Structure.
      • /bin , /usr/bin.
      • /sbin ,/usr/sbin.
      • /etc.
      • /proc.
      • /home.
      • /root.
      • /media , /mnt.
      • ........
  • 27. How To Get HELP
    • Offline system documentation‬.
    • ‫‪ Online system documentation‬‬.
    • ‫‪ Community Support‬‬(‫‪Forums‬‬ ,IRC ,....).
    • Man Pages.
  • 28. Linux Adoption
      • Many Countries Adopt Open Source Generally and Linux Specially.
      • Some turn to Linux Because they looking for a good OS they can Modify in it to satisfy their needs.
      • Some turn Because of the High Cost of Micro$oft OS.
      • Some turns Because of the Licenses of Micro$oft force them not to us it.
  • 29. Linux Adoption
      • In 2005 the Government of Peru voted to adopt open source across all its bodies.
      • The Netherlands has an initiative called "Open source and standards in education".
      • The Government of India has set up a resource center for Free and Open Source Software
      • The Ministry of Defence in Singapore began migrating its computers from Microsoft to free software in 2004
      • In Germany's federal state Thuringia the Ministry for culture and education has launched a project called (Linux for schools)
  • 30. Linux Adoption
      • And There is many Hardware Companies turned to sell Linux
      • pre-installed on their Computers.
      • And Micro$oft Try to Fight this Phoneme with any WAY.
      • Dell announced it would begin shipping Ubuntu-based computers to Canada , Latin America and China.
      • Acer launched the Linux-based Acer Aspire one.
      • And Many..................
  • 31. Window$ Vs Linux
    • Windows :
      • Advantage.
      • Disadvantage.
    • Linux:
      • Advantage.
      • Disadvantage.
  • 32. Window$ Vs GNU/Linux
      • In a world without
      • walls, who needs
      • windows?
  • 33. GNU/Linux
      • Thanks For your Attention
      • any Questions are Welcomed.