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# Warm Up Simple Machines

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### Warm Up Simple Machines

1. 1. Why are simple machines used? 180 170 160 150 140 130 120 110 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 1 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 0 Seconds Remaining:
2. 2. <ul><li>Simple machines are used to make work [moving an object a distance] easier . </li></ul>
3. 3. 180 170 160 150 140 130 120 110 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Seconds Remaining: Draw & Label the 3 types of levers
4. 5. 180 170 160 150 140 130 120 110 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Seconds Left: Describe mechanical advantage
5. 6. <ul><li>The ratio of output force to input force for a machine. </li></ul><ul><li>Ratio of resistance force to effort force in a machine. </li></ul><ul><li>The advantage created by a machine that enables people to do work while using less force. </li></ul>
6. 7. 180 170 160 150 140 130 120 110 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Seconds Left: – Why is the pulley considered a simple machine? – What changes can be made to the pulley system to make work easier?
7. 8. <ul><li>The pulley is considered a simple machine because it is designed to make work easier. Using a pulley would require less force to lift a heavy object. Adding a longer rope to the pulley could help make work easier. </li></ul>
8. 9. 180 170 160 150 140 130 120 110 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Seconds Left List the 6 types of simple machines
9. 10. <ul><li>Lever </li></ul><ul><li>Pulley </li></ul><ul><li>Inclined plane </li></ul><ul><li>Screw </li></ul><ul><li>Wedge </li></ul><ul><li>Wheel & axle </li></ul>
10. 11. 180 170 160 150 140 130 120 110 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Seconds Left: A construction worker tries to remove a nail from a board using a hammer and a crowbar. The construction worker is not able to pull a nail out of a board using a hammer. When the worker tries using a crowbar, the nail comes out easily. –Use what you know about the relationship between work, force, and distance to explain why it was easier to use the crowbar to remove the nail.
11. 12. <ul><li>The crowbar is easier because it is longer than the hammer. Because it is longer, the crowbar handle moves farther than the hammer. Because the crowbar pulls on the nail for a greater distance, it can do as much work using a smaller force. </li></ul>
12. 13. 180 170 160 150 140 130 120 110 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Seconds Left: The drawing below shows a student using a screwdriver to open a paint can. – To change the force to the lid of the paint can, the student can reposition her hand. How does moving her hand change the force applied to the lid?
13. 14. <ul><li>The student can move her hand closer or further from the end of the screwdriver to increase or decrease the force applied to the lid. </li></ul>
14. 15. 180 170 160 150 140 130 120 110 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Seconds Left: The drawing below shows a student using a screwdriver to open a paint can. – Describe how she could do this to apply less force to the screwdriver to remove the lid.
15. 16. <ul><li>To apply less force to the screwdriver to remove the lid, she needs to move her hand to the end of the screwdriver's handle. </li></ul>
16. 17. 180 170 160 150 140 130 120 110 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Seconds Left: The drawing below shows a student using a screwdriver to open a paint can. – Explain clearly how moving her hand allows her to change the force .
17. 18. <ul><li>The mechanical advantage of a lever is dependent on the distance the force is applied from the pivot. The larger the distance, the smaller the force. </li></ul>