History of Video Games Andrew Bishop Andrew Corrado April 6th, 2010
Table of Contents Introduction The “First” Video Game (1962-1971) Arcades Video Games Become Popular Arcade Games Console Timeline (1972-1996) Conclusion
Introduction Video games have been an important concept in the advancement of technology for over 40 years now. Since 1975, they have not only become one of the most popular sources of entertainment, they have also played a major role in globalization, allowing people from all over the world to communicate amongst each other.
The “First” Video Game In 1962 Steve Russell invents SpaceWar!, a game that was developed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. It wasn’t the first actual video game developed, however it was the first intended to be played on computers Game was developed for a computer that cost over $150,000 making it unmarketable and unknown to the general public.
Arcades In 1971, Nolan Bushnell along with Ted Dabney (whom later founded Atari together in 1975) programmed the SpaceWars! game to play on a television screen Together they created the first Arcade Machine, Computer Space, which operated at 25 cents per 90 seconds.
Video Games Become Popular In 1975, Atari released Pong as a home video game on their first console Pong becomes a huge success among a teenage market The sales of video game entertainment systems also begin to skyrocket
Arcade Games From 1977 to the late 1980’s, video games became extremely popular as coin-operated machines in arcades. Games such as Pac-Man, Donkey Kong, and Space Invaders became extremely successful.
Early Consoles In 1972, Ralph Baer created the Magnavox Odyssey. It was the first video game console playable on home televisions Magnavox mass-produced these consoles which featured 5 diskettes that generated different code already located in the machine and 2 huge controllers that used 6-C batteries apiece HAL (A.I.) first introduced Atari releases 2600 in 1975, these entertainment systems are referred to as the 1st generation of consoles
2nd & 3rd Generation Consoles(8-Bit) Atari 2600 Nintendo Entertainment System(NES - 1985)
4th Generation(16-Bit) Super Nintendo (SNES) Sega Genesis Turbografx-16
5th Generation(32-64 bit) Atari Jaguar(32 Bit) Sega CD(32 Bit) Playstation(64 Bit) Nintendo 64(64 Bit) This era began what would later be known as “the Console Wars”. Both 64 Bit machines ended up being mainstream machines that would later be the downfall for both the Sega and Atari companies as console developers due to cost efficiency and playabilityWith the release of the 64-Bit console, video games became playable in 3-Dimensional worlds
Conclusion Technology continues to grow and improve on a daily basis The consoles we use today (Xbox 360, PS3, etc.)contain processors so much more powerful than as little as 5 years ago that the measurement of bits is no longer appropriate Video games are now in a stage of voice recognition, motion detection, among other things that will continue to bring technology to further developments
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