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Western civ compared&continuities
 

Western civ compared&continuities

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    Western civ compared&continuities Western civ compared&continuities Presentation Transcript

    • The West 600-1500 What is the West anyway?
    • The WEST or Western Civilization refers to Western Europe and then later will include the United States.
    • Western Europe Compared with Byzantine, Chinese, and Islamic Empire
    • In Western Europe . . . • There was less political unity and more competition between regions – More militarized – Is competition good?
    • In Western Europe . . . • The political rulers were weaker – – The Church and warriorelite class challenged their power
    • In Western Europe . . . • The cities were more independent and powerful – Merchants had more freedom • There was more separation between political and religious life • There was a strong emphasis on human REASON in academics – Aristotle and Greek rationality were emphasized
    • In Western Europe ... • Women had higher status – Monogamy – Female religious orders – No veiling nor seclusion
    • CONTINUITIES – W European characteristics that continued past the 1400s • Crusading element of European expansion • Military conflicts between European territories • Emphasis on reason • Split in Christianity • Separation of religious and political authority
    • European Technology (borrowed from) • • • • • • Iron horseshoes & horse collar (China) Cross-bow (Arab) Gunpowder (China) Magnetic compass (China & Arab) Lateen sail (Arab) Paper (China)
    • Also . . . • Heavy wheeled plow • Crop rotation (3 field system) • Water mills and engineering power