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Western civ compared&continuities
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Western civ compared&continuities

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  • 1. The West 600-1500 What is the West anyway?
  • 2. The WEST or Western Civilization refers to Western Europe and then later will include the United States.
  • 3. Western Europe Compared with Byzantine, Chinese, and Islamic Empire
  • 4. In Western Europe . . . • There was less political unity and more competition between regions – More militarized – Is competition good?
  • 5. In Western Europe . . . • The political rulers were weaker – – The Church and warriorelite class challenged their power
  • 6. In Western Europe . . . • The cities were more independent and powerful – Merchants had more freedom • There was more separation between political and religious life • There was a strong emphasis on human REASON in academics – Aristotle and Greek rationality were emphasized
  • 7. In Western Europe ... • Women had higher status – Monogamy – Female religious orders – No veiling nor seclusion
  • 8. CONTINUITIES – W European characteristics that continued past the 1400s • Crusading element of European expansion • Military conflicts between European territories • Emphasis on reason • Split in Christianity • Separation of religious and political authority
  • 9. European Technology (borrowed from) • • • • • • Iron horseshoes & horse collar (China) Cross-bow (Arab) Gunpowder (China) Magnetic compass (China & Arab) Lateen sail (Arab) Paper (China)
  • 10. Also . . . • Heavy wheeled plow • Crop rotation (3 field system) • Water mills and engineering power

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