The WEST or Western Civilization refers toWestern Europe and then later will include the United States.
Western Europe Compared withByzantine, Chinese,and Islamic Empire
In Western Europe . . .• There was less little political unity and more competition between regions – More militarized – Is competition good?
In Western Europe . . .• The political rulers were weaker – – The Church and warrior- elite class challenged their power
In Western Europe . . .• The cities were more independent and powerful – Merchants had more freedom• There was more separation between political and religious life• There was a strong emphasis on human REASON in academics – Aristotle and Greek rationality were emphasized
In Western Europe ... • Women had higher status – Monogamy – Female religious orders – No veiling nor seclusion
CONTINUITIES – W Europeancharacteristics that continued past the 1400s• Crusading element of European expansion• Military conflicts between European territories• Emphasis on reason• Split in Christianity• Separation of religious and political authority
European Technology (borrowed from) • Iron horseshoes & horse collar (China) • Cross-bow (Arab) • Gunpowder (China) • Magnetic compass (China & Arab) • Lateen sail (Arab) • Paper (China)
Also . . .• Heavy wheeled plow• Crop rotation (3 field system)• Water mills and engineering power