The West 600-1500What is the West anyway?
The WEST or Western Civilization refers toWestern Europe and then later will include the              United States.
Western Europe  Compared withByzantine, Chinese,and Islamic Empire
In Western Europe . . .• There was less little  political unity and more  competition between  regions  – More militarized...
In Western Europe . . .• The political rulers were  weaker –  – The Church and warrior-    elite class challenged    their...
In Western Europe . . .• The cities were more independent and  powerful  – Merchants had more freedom• There was more sepa...
In Western Europe       ... • Women had   higher status   – Monogamy   – Female religious     orders   – No veiling nor   ...
CONTINUITIES – W Europeancharacteristics that continued past the                 1400s• Crusading element of European  exp...
European Technology (borrowed from) •   Iron horseshoes & horse collar (China) •   Cross-bow (Arab) •   Gunpowder (China) ...
Also . . .• Heavy wheeled plow• Crop rotation (3 field system)• Water mills and engineering power
Western civ compared&continuities
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Western civ compared&continuities

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Western civ compared&continuities

  1. 1. The West 600-1500What is the West anyway?
  2. 2. The WEST or Western Civilization refers toWestern Europe and then later will include the United States.
  3. 3. Western Europe Compared withByzantine, Chinese,and Islamic Empire
  4. 4. In Western Europe . . .• There was less little political unity and more competition between regions – More militarized – Is competition good?
  5. 5. In Western Europe . . .• The political rulers were weaker – – The Church and warrior- elite class challenged their power
  6. 6. In Western Europe . . .• The cities were more independent and powerful – Merchants had more freedom• There was more separation between political and religious life• There was a strong emphasis on human REASON in academics – Aristotle and Greek rationality were emphasized
  7. 7. In Western Europe ... • Women had higher status – Monogamy – Female religious orders – No veiling nor seclusion
  8. 8. CONTINUITIES – W Europeancharacteristics that continued past the 1400s• Crusading element of European expansion• Military conflicts between European territories• Emphasis on reason• Split in Christianity• Separation of religious and political authority
  9. 9. European Technology (borrowed from) • Iron horseshoes & horse collar (China) • Cross-bow (Arab) • Gunpowder (China) • Magnetic compass (China & Arab) • Lateen sail (Arab) • Paper (China)
  10. 10. Also . . .• Heavy wheeled plow• Crop rotation (3 field system)• Water mills and engineering power

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