The industrial revolution 2011


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The industrial revolution 2011

  1. 1. The Industrial Revolution (W. Europe & Japan) Late 1700s until ?
  2. 2. <ul><li>“ No movement in human history did more than the Industrial Revolution to change the way people live. It has provided humanity with great benefits , and at the same time, it has destroyed people with its less fortunate consequences .” </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Industrial Revolution in W. Europe, U.S. and later Japan (19th century) <ul><li>Industrialization took place when new technology and new organization of work changed how goods were produced. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Machines using water then fossil fuel powered engines were used to increase production.
  5. 6. Textile Industry in Britain: the beginning of the industrial revolution.
  6. 7. Iron and steel industry developed
  7. 8. <ul><li>Automatic processes in production led to factory systems and introduced specialization of labor that permanently changed the nature of human labor. </li></ul>
  8. 9. From home to factory production
  9. 10. <ul><li>women in the work force </li></ul>
  10. 11. children in the workforce
  11. 12. <ul><li>Improvements in transportation and communication made the world “smaller.” </li></ul>
  12. 13. The Industrial Revolution brought other CHANGES in Western Europe, the US, and later Japan. Stearns reading assignment due tomorrow -- <ul><li>What were the significant results or changes caused by the industrialization in the areas of (544-548, 550-551): </li></ul><ul><li>Economics (Commerce and trade) </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Politics and Governments </li></ul><ul><li>Social Classes </li></ul><ul><li>Family and Gender roles </li></ul>
  13. 14. The Industrial Revolution brought other CHANGES in Western Europe (and later Japan): <ul><li>Urbanization </li></ul><ul><li>Nations’ wealth and power became increasingly dependent on industry.* </li></ul><ul><li>*agriculture and land control were still extremely important </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>Social classes changed (new groups with new influence): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New members of the upper and middle class (owners, managers, skilled workers) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urban workers </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. Other CHANGES from the Industrial Revolution. . . <ul><li>Patterns of urban society and family dynamics were changed forever. </li></ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><li>Public education </li></ul><ul><li>Pace of life increased . . . Life on the clock, less rest. </li></ul><ul><li>Children not as dependent on their parents </li></ul>
  16. 17. HOW INDUSTRIALIZATION DESTROYED: <ul><li>For the lower classes: bad working conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Pace of work </li></ul><ul><li>repetitiveness and tediousness of work </li></ul><ul><li>lack of safety standards in equipment and pollution </li></ul>
  17. 18. HOW INDUSTRIALIZATION DESTROYED: <ul><li>For the working class: </li></ul><ul><li>low wages </li></ul><ul><li>little job security (even if injured or sick) </li></ul>
  18. 19. HOW INDUSTRIALIZATION DESTROYED: <ul><li>there were few laws against overuse and abuse of natural resources </li></ul>
  19. 20. HOW INDUSTRIALIZATION DESTROYED: <ul><li>the early industrial economy was unstable </li></ul><ul><li>rapid urbanization led to problems in living conditions </li></ul>
  20. 21. RESPONSES . . . To the changes <ul><li>Government expanded its influence. </li></ul><ul><li>Reforms to change problems in industry and cities came from governments and individuals. </li></ul><ul><li>Workers responded in different ways- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unionization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Created or joined radical groups </li></ul></ul><ul><li>People offered new philosophies about economy and politics in the industrial age. </li></ul>