Review  1750 1900 2
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Review 1750 1900 2

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Review  1750 1900 2 Review 1750 1900 2 Presentation Transcript

  • REVIEW 1750-1900 Ottoman Empire Qing Chinese Empire Meiji Japanese Empire
  • EMPIRES! Evil and not so evil
  • The new economic needs created in Europe by the Industrial Revolution encouraged Europeans to _____________. a. cut back on consumption b. borrow large sums of money c. expand across the globe d. reconsider their values e. unite
  • Europeans came to see themselves as ____________ superior to all other people in the world as a result of their sudden dominance. a. athletically b. racially c. agriculturally d. not very e. temporarily
  • "Social Darwinism" was the notion that only the fittest races would _____________. a. be happy b. have large families c. become literate d. survive e. learn to swim
  • Ottoman Empire & Qing Empire – the turbulent 19th century
  • The Decline of Ottoman Rule
  • The decision of the Qing government to destroy more than 3 million pounds of __________ that it had seized from Western traders caused the British to attack China in 1842. a. rubber b. porcelain c. silk d. opium e. tobacco
  • Empires that didn’t strike back! Qing Dynasty of China (1644 – 1911) The end of a 4000 years of dynastic cycles. Ottoman Empire (1300 – 1918) 600 year old powerhouse fell.
  • CAUSES In the 1700s, Qing China & the Ottoman Empire • Had governments that resisted economic change & attempted to maintain pre- industrial forms of economic production • Had leadership that underestimated the growing power of the European nations
  • The Taiping uprising sought to _________ all of China's poor peasants. a. redistribute land to b. give food to c. murder d. bless e. employ
  • Empires that didn’t strike back! CHANGES • Reforms were limited by conservative elites • Economy weakened • Political Rebellions • European pressure / takeover
  • Modest reforms in the early twentieth century were ___________ to save the imperial order in China. a. just in time b. more than enough c. almost enough d. not necessary e. too little and too late
  • One goal of the Ottoman Empire's attempts at modernization was to better __________ the empire's many non-Muslim communities. a. integrate b. oppress c. find d. enslave e. murder
  • 1860s - 1900s Japan transformed itself into a major industrial and military power
  • The young samurai behind the Meiji restoration in 1868 sought to ________________. a. return Japan to traditional Japanese values b. redistribute the imbalance in wealth among Japanese merchants c. learn as much as possible from the West so as to renew Japanese power d. return confiscated property to European merchants e. restore the shogunate
  • FROM THIS . . .
  • TO THIS.
  • Japanese Imperialism 1860- 1914
  • JAPAN~ Changes- • New dynasty – Meiji Period began • From a closed economy to Industrial Power • From Traditional to Modern – Culture, Economy, Military • Isolated nation-state to Imperial Power
  • Japan managed to modernize and industrialize without _____________, something that had severely damaged Ottoman and Egyptian attempts to modernize. a. internal chaos b. losing its identity c. converting to Christianity d. accruing massive foreign debt e. polluting the environment
  • The partition of Africa 1914
  • The British Empire 19th century
  • Why did ordinary Europeans come to care whether their country gained new territories around the globe or not? a. Profits from new territories were distributed equally among all Europeans. b. Most Europeans were naturally curious about other cultures around the world. c. Many Europeans became swept up in mass nationalism. d. Many Europeans were looking for new places to settle or visit on vacation.
  • Which of the following inventions/discoveries was NOT a major factor in aiding European expansion in the nineteenth century? a. Quinine b. Breech-loading rifles and machine guns c. The underwater telegraph d. The cotton gin
  • Steam!
  • Guns!
  • Medicine!
  • How did many Europeans come to understand the importance of race in the nineteenth century as a result of their industrial and territorial advancements? a. They came to recognize that racial differences are just skin deep. b. They saw the different races as separate but equal. c. They created "scientific" racial hierarchies with themselves at the top. d. Their views on race did not change over the course of the nineteenth century.
  • ________________ became British settler colonies. a. Hong Kong and Belize b. India and Tibet c. Nigeria and Ghana d. Australia and New Zealand e. Egypt and Sudan
  • The legalized segregation of blacks and whites in South Africa came to be known as ____________. a. phrenology b. social Darwinism c. apartheid d. varna e. the homeland system
  • By forcing colonized peoples to do work other than their traditional agriculture, European campaigns of forced labor caused widespread ____________ in those colonies. a. progress b. military conflict c. food shortages and famines d. population growth e. competition
  • Some Africans and Asians benefited from the new European dominance by engaging in _______________, which often was highly profitable. a. stock market trading b. cash-crop farming c. industrial enterprise d. drug dealing e. the sale of art to tourists
  • For a small minority of colonial subjects, the acquisition of Western _________ helped them create a new identity. a. money b. souvenirs c. spouses d. passports e. education
  • Which of the following was NOT a consequence of European colonialism for African women? a. Especially in the rural areas of South Africa, many women became heads of impoverished households, as their husbands left for work in the mines or cities. b. Some women in West Africa established themselves as small-scale traders. c. Under the influence of Christianity, most women began to marry later and have smaller families. d. Women's domestic workload increased greatly, as men were involved in the modern