The new economic needs created in
Europe by the Industrial Revolution
encouraged Europeans to
a. cut back on consumption
b. borrow large sums of money
c. expand across the globe
d. reconsider their values
Europeans came to see themselves as
____________ superior to all other people
in the world as a result of their sudden
d. not very
"Social Darwinism" was
the notion that only
the fittest races would
a. be happy
b. have large families
c. become literate
e. learn to swim
Ottoman Empire & Qing Empire – the turbulent
The decision of the Qing government to
destroy more than 3 million pounds of
__________ that it had seized from
Western traders caused the British to
attack China in 1842.
Empires that didn’t strike back!
Qing Dynasty of China (1644 – 1911) The
end of a 4000 years of dynastic cycles.
Ottoman Empire (1300 – 1918)
600 year old powerhouse fell.
In the 1700s, Qing China & the Ottoman
• Had governments that resisted economic
change & attempted to maintain pre-
industrial forms of economic production
• Had leadership that underestimated the
growing power of the European nations
The Taiping uprising
sought to _________
all of China's poor
a. redistribute land to
b. give food to
Empires that didn’t strike back!
• Reforms were limited by
• Economy weakened
• Political Rebellions
• European pressure / takeover
Modest reforms in the early twentieth
century were ___________ to save the
imperial order in China.
a. just in time
b. more than enough
c. almost enough
d. not necessary
e. too little and too late
One goal of the Ottoman Empire's
attempts at modernization was to
better __________ the empire's
many non-Muslim communities.
1860s - 1900s
Japan transformed itself into a
major industrial and military power
The young samurai behind the Meiji
restoration in 1868 sought to
a. return Japan to traditional Japanese
b. redistribute the imbalance in wealth
among Japanese merchants
c. learn as much as possible from the West
so as to renew Japanese power
d. return confiscated property to European
e. restore the shogunate
• New dynasty – Meiji Period began
• From a closed economy to Industrial
• From Traditional to Modern –
Culture, Economy, Military
• Isolated nation-state to Imperial Power
Japan managed to modernize and
_____________, something that had
severely damaged Ottoman and Egyptian
attempts to modernize.
a. internal chaos
b. losing its identity
c. converting to Christianity
d. accruing massive foreign debt
e. polluting the environment
Why did ordinary Europeans come to care
whether their country gained new territories
around the globe or not?
a. Profits from new territories were
distributed equally among all Europeans.
b. Most Europeans were naturally curious
about other cultures around the world.
c. Many Europeans became swept up in mass
d. Many Europeans were looking for new
places to settle or visit on vacation.
Which of the following
inventions/discoveries was NOT a major
factor in aiding European expansion in the
b. Breech-loading rifles and machine guns
c. The underwater telegraph
d. The cotton gin
How did many Europeans come to
understand the importance of race in the
nineteenth century as a result of their
industrial and territorial advancements?
a. They came to recognize that racial
differences are just skin deep.
b. They saw the different races as separate
c. They created "scientific" racial
hierarchies with themselves at the top.
d. Their views on race did not change over
the course of the nineteenth century.
________________ became British
a. Hong Kong and Belize
b. India and Tibet
c. Nigeria and Ghana
d. Australia and New Zealand
e. Egypt and Sudan
The legalized segregation of blacks and
whites in South Africa came to be known as
b. social Darwinism
e. the homeland system
By forcing colonized peoples to do work
other than their traditional agriculture,
European campaigns of forced labor
caused widespread ____________ in those
b. military conflict
c. food shortages and famines
d. population growth
Some Africans and Asians benefited from
the new European dominance by engaging
in _______________, which often was
a. stock market trading
b. cash-crop farming
c. industrial enterprise
d. drug dealing
e. the sale of art to tourists
For a small minority of colonial
subjects, the acquisition of Western
_________ helped them create a new
Which of the following was NOT a consequence of
European colonialism for African women?
a. Especially in the rural areas of South
Africa, many women became heads of
impoverished households, as their husbands left
for work in the mines or cities.
b. Some women in West Africa established
themselves as small-scale traders.
c. Under the influence of Christianity, most
women began to marry later and have smaller
d. Women's domestic workload increased
greatly, as men were involved in the modern