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Qin dynasty

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  • 1. The Qin Dynasty221-206 B.C.E.
    Ben.needle@cobbk12.org
  • 2.
  • 3. Confucianism
    Confucius 551-479 B.C
    Lived during time that Zhou dynasty was falling apart.
    Believed that social order, harmony, and good government could be restored if society was organized around family relationships
    Respect for parents and elders important to a well ordered society
    Education is important both to the individual and to society
    Wise rulers! Trained government officials!
    Not a religion, but an ethical system
  • 4. A superior man is modest in his speech, but exceeds in his actions. ConfuciusAbility will never catch up with the demand for it. ConfuciusAn oppressive government is more to be feared than a tiger. ConfuciusAnd remember, no matter where you go, there you are. ConfuciusBetter a diamond with a flaw than a pebble without. Confucius
  • 5. Establishment of the Qin Dynasty
    Following the Warring States Period (480 – 221 BCE) after the fall of the Zhou dynasty.
    Qin Dynasty Emerges
    It takes over other states gradually
    First emperor unifies China and begins the imperial age
    This Dynasty may be the source of the name “China”
    This dynasty was Legalist-
     
  • 6. Legalism
    Harsh rule
    Highly efficient and powerful government key to social order
    Punishments are useful to maintain social order-yikes!
    Thinkers and their ideas should be strictly controlled by the government-think book burning!
  • 7. Shi Huangdi
    “First Emperor”
    Ruthlessly ruled along with prime minister Li Si-murdered hundreds of Confucian scholars
    Unified China at the expense of human freedom-forced labor and thought control
  • 8. Qin Dynastic Structure
    State had a totalitarian structure
    Cracked down on Confucianism
    Rivals were eliminated
    Primogeniture abolished
    This was the practice of having the eldest son inherit all land a property
    Wanted to limit power and split amongst multiple heirs
    Slavery eliminated
    What do all of these steps help Shi Huangdi to accomplish?
    CONTROL
  • 9. Accomplishments of the Qin
     Thousands of Miles of Roads
    Standard weights, measurements, currency, law, writing
    Canals
    Frontier Walls (beginning of Great Wall)
    Following the death of Shi Huangdi, he had a massive tomb built
    Terra Cotta warriors