Confucianism Confucius 551-479 B.C Lived during time that Zhou dynasty was falling apart. Believed that social order, harmony, and good government could be restored if society was organized around family relationships Respect for parents and elders important to a well ordered society Education is important both to the individual and to society Wise rulers! Trained government officials! Not a religion, but an ethical system
A superior man is modest in his speech, but exceeds in his actions. ConfuciusAbility will never catch up with the demand for it. ConfuciusAn oppressive government is more to be feared than a tiger. ConfuciusAnd remember, no matter where you go, there you are. ConfuciusBetter a diamond with a flaw than a pebble without. Confucius
Establishment of the Qin Dynasty Following the Warring States Period (480 – 221 BCE) after the fall of the Zhou dynasty. Qin Dynasty Emerges It takes over other states gradually First emperor unifies China and begins the imperial age This Dynasty may be the source of the name “China” This dynasty was Legalist-
Legalism Harsh rule Highly efficient and powerful government key to social order Punishments are useful to maintain social order-yikes! Thinkers and their ideas should be strictly controlled by the government-think book burning!
Shi Huangdi “First Emperor” Ruthlessly ruled along with prime minister Li Si-murdered hundreds of Confucian scholars Unified China at the expense of human freedom-forced labor and thought control
Qin Dynastic Structure State had a totalitarian structure Cracked down on Confucianism Rivals were eliminated Primogeniture abolished This was the practice of having the eldest son inherit all land a property Wanted to limit power and split amongst multiple heirs Slavery eliminated What do all of these steps help Shi Huangdi to accomplish? CONTROL
Accomplishments of the Qin Thousands of Miles of Roads Standard weights, measurements, currency, law, writing Canals Frontier Walls (beginning of Great Wall) Following the death of Shi Huangdi, he had a massive tomb built Terra Cotta warriors