Ottoman Empire, Qing
Empire, and Japan
Era of Changes
1750 to 1900
Ottoman Empire & Qing Empire –
the turbulent 19th century
Ottoman Expansion 1300 - 1600
Nationalist revolutions &
European advances led to the
Ottoman Empire losing territory
EX. Independence in the Balkans
Sem...
The Decline of Ottoman Rule
The Empire became known as "the sick man of
Europe” by Europeans.
The Sultanate has to be destroyed.
Religion and State have to be separated from one another.
We have to turn away from the...
MANCHU CHINA – the QING
DYNASTY (the last dynasty of China)
Qing China produced more goods and held onto
a favorable trade balance into the late 1700s.
THE OPIUM WARS
Chinese Rulers sing-along
-to the tune of “Frere Jacques”?
Shang, Zhou, Qin, Han
Shang, Zhou, Qin, Han
Sui, Tang, Song
Sui...
Empires that didn’t strike back!

Qing Dynasty of China

(1644 – 1911)

The end of a 4000 years of dynastic
cycles.

Ottom...
Empires that didn’t strike back!

CHANGES
• Economy weakened
• Political Rebellions
• European pressure / takeover
• Socia...
CAUSES
In both Qing China & the Ottoman
Empire:
• the government resisted economic
change & attempted to maintain preindus...
A Brief Look at Japan in the 1800s
to 1900s
Do you remember?




Under the Tokugawa
Emperor, the Japanese
shoguns had chosen a
policy of isolationism in
the early 1...
Outside powers threatened Japan
 After the defeat of the Chinese by the
British (1780s) & a growing presence
of European ...
Japan was now open
to outside influences.
Tokugawa rulers lose. . .
 The threat from outsiders and a desire
for change unified many Japanese
leaders against the To...
Japan transformed itself into a
major industrial and military power
1860s - 1900s
The Meiji Government


The emperor was
the “figurehead” of
the government
while power was
held by landowners
and business...
Meiji Japan adapts
Western ideas


Japanese were sent
on study tours of
Europe. Europeans &
Americans were
hired to help
...
Meiji Japan transforms itself


Government built a
modern army & navy
FROM THIS . . .
TO
THIS.
JAPAN transformed


Rapid industrialization
took place (with a mix
of government &
private ownership).



Railroads were...
Japanese Imperialism


Japan gained control of Korea.
 Japan defeated China to take control
of Taiwan (1894)
 Japan def...
Japanese
Imperialism
1860-1914
JAPAN TRANSFORMED~
CHANGES• New dynasty – Meiji Period began
• From a Closed economy to
Industrial Power
• From Traditiona...
CAUSES

• Outside pressure
• Japanese leadership decided
to change – use the West as
a model
Which of the following
statements best
describes the main
message of this
cartoon?
A.
Russia was bigger
than Japan
B.
Japa...
Ottoman,qing,japan 2013
Ottoman,qing,japan 2013
Ottoman,qing,japan 2013
Ottoman,qing,japan 2013
Ottoman,qing,japan 2013
Ottoman,qing,japan 2013
Ottoman,qing,japan 2013
Ottoman,qing,japan 2013
Ottoman,qing,japan 2013
Ottoman,qing,japan 2013
Ottoman,qing,japan 2013
Ottoman,qing,japan 2013
Ottoman,qing,japan 2013
Ottoman,qing,japan 2013
Ottoman,qing,japan 2013
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Ottoman,qing,japan 2013

  1. 1. Ottoman Empire, Qing Empire, and Japan Era of Changes 1750 to 1900
  2. 2. Ottoman Empire & Qing Empire – the turbulent 19th century
  3. 3. Ottoman Expansion 1300 - 1600
  4. 4. Nationalist revolutions & European advances led to the Ottoman Empire losing territory EX. Independence in the Balkans Semi-Independence in North Africa Later British influence in Egypt
  5. 5. The Decline of Ottoman Rule
  6. 6. The Empire became known as "the sick man of Europe” by Europeans.
  7. 7. The Sultanate has to be destroyed. Religion and State have to be separated from one another. We have to turn away from the eastern civilizations and turn to the western ones. We have to do away with the distinctions between men and women and thereby found new social rules. We have to find an alphabet based upon the Latin script, and we have to focus ourselves towards the West in every respect, even as far as our clothes are concerned." Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  8. 8. MANCHU CHINA – the QING DYNASTY (the last dynasty of China)
  9. 9. Qing China produced more goods and held onto a favorable trade balance into the late 1700s.
  10. 10. THE OPIUM WARS
  11. 11. Chinese Rulers sing-along -to the tune of “Frere Jacques”? Shang, Zhou, Qin, Han Shang, Zhou, Qin, Han Sui, Tang, Song Sui, Tang, Song Yuan, Ming, Qing, Republic Then comes Revolution Mao Zedong, Mao Zedong
  12. 12. Empires that didn’t strike back! Qing Dynasty of China (1644 – 1911) The end of a 4000 years of dynastic cycles. Ottoman Empire (1300 – 1918) 600 year old powerhouse fell.
  13. 13. Empires that didn’t strike back! CHANGES • Economy weakened • Political Rebellions • European pressure / takeover • Social Class changes
  14. 14. CAUSES In both Qing China & the Ottoman Empire: • the government resisted economic change & attempted to maintain preindustrial forms of economic production • the leadership underestimated the growing power of the European nations
  15. 15. A Brief Look at Japan in the 1800s to 1900s
  16. 16. Do you remember?   Under the Tokugawa Emperor, the Japanese shoguns had chosen a policy of isolationism in the early 1600s. Foreigners were prohibited to enter Japan and the Japanese were “prohibited” from leaving.
  17. 17. Outside powers threatened Japan  After the defeat of the Chinese by the British (1780s) & a growing presence of European and U.S. warships (1850s) Japanese leaders “decided” to sign trade treaties and open Japan to outsiders.
  18. 18. Japan was now open to outside influences.
  19. 19. Tokugawa rulers lose. . .  The threat from outsiders and a desire for change unified many Japanese leaders against the Tokugawa rulers.  Provincial leaders joined together & overthrew the Tokugawa rulers, and began the Meiji period.
  20. 20. Japan transformed itself into a major industrial and military power 1860s - 1900s
  21. 21. The Meiji Government  The emperor was the “figurehead” of the government while power was held by landowners and businessmen in congress & in the military (oligarchy).
  22. 22. Meiji Japan adapts Western ideas  Japanese were sent on study tours of Europe. Europeans & Americans were hired to help transform Japan.  In Japan a new education system was set up
  23. 23. Meiji Japan transforms itself  Government built a modern army & navy
  24. 24. FROM THIS . . .
  25. 25. TO THIS.
  26. 26. JAPAN transformed  Rapid industrialization took place (with a mix of government & private ownership).  Railroads were built and urban areas became more “modern”
  27. 27. Japanese Imperialism  Japan gained control of Korea.  Japan defeated China to take control of Taiwan (1894)  Japan defeated Russia to take control of Manchuria (1905).
  28. 28. Japanese Imperialism 1860-1914
  29. 29. JAPAN TRANSFORMED~ CHANGES• New dynasty – Meiji Period began • From a Closed economy to Industrial Power • From Traditional to Modern – Culture, Economy, Military • Isolated nation-state to Imperial Power
  30. 30. CAUSES • Outside pressure • Japanese leadership decided to change – use the West as a model
  31. 31. Which of the following statements best describes the main message of this cartoon? A. Russia was bigger than Japan B. Japan defeated Russia in a struggle for control of parts of East Asia C. In WWI, Japan’s military was better than the Russian military D. France supported Japan in its battles against Russia over territory in Manchuria

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