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Meiji japan overview



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  • 1. A Brief Look at Japan in the 1800s to 1900s
  • 2. Do you remember?
    • Under the Tokugawa Emperor, the Japanese shoguns had chosen a policy of isolationism in the early 1600s.
    • Foreigners were prohibited to enter Japan and the Japanese were “prohibited” from leaving.
  • 3.  
  • 4. Outside powers threaten
    • After the defeat of the Chinese by the British in the Opium war and with the growing presence of European and U.S. warships (1850s) Japanese leaders “decided” to sign trade treaties and open Japan to outsiders.
  • 5. Japan was now open to outside influences.
  • 6. Japanese Government overthrown
    • The threat from outsiders and a desire for a new direction unified many Japanese leaders against the Tokugawa rulers.
    • Powerful provincial leaders joined together to overthrow the Tokugawa rulers, and began the Meiji period .
  • 7. 1860s - 1900s Japan transformed itself into a major industrial and military power
  • 8. The Meiji Government
    • The emperor of the Meiji period was the figurehead of the government in which power was held by the wealthy landowners and businessmen in congress and in the military (oligarchy).
  • 9. Meiji Japan adapts Western ideas
    • Japanese were sent on study tours throughout Europe to learn and adapt ideas, institutions, and techniques. Europeans and Americans were hired to help transform Japan.
    • New education system was set up
  • 10. Meiji Japan transforms itself
    • Modern army and navy were based on European models.
  • 11.  
  • 12. JAPAN transformed
    • Rapid industrialization took place (with a mix of government control and private ownership).
    • Railroads were built and urban areas became more “modern”
  • 13.  
  • 14. Japanese Imperialism
    • Japan forced Korea to open its ports to Japanese goods and eventually annexed it.
    • Victory in a 6 month war with China gave Japan control of Taiwan (1894)
    • Victory in a war with Russia gave Japan control of Manchuria (1905).
  • 15.  
  • 16. Japanese Imperialism 1860-1914