Aztec & Inca Empires: Compared Aztecs 1200s to 1520s Inca 1430s to 1530s
Aztec & Inca Empires <ul><li>Were both based on earlier civilizations and cultures. </li></ul><ul><li>Were originally clan...
Aztec & Inca Empires <ul><li>Were based on managing resources, goods, and people in an economy centered on intensive agric...
Aztec & Inca Empires <ul><li>Conquered local rulers were allowed some freedom to rule their territories in their own way i...
RULERS <ul><li>AZTEC </li></ul><ul><li>Ruled by warrior-kings seen as divine </li></ul><ul><li>Absolute power of ruler-lik...
RULERS <ul><li>INCA  </li></ul><ul><li>Ruled by theocracy– sun-god king whose reign continued </li></ul><ul><li>Mummificat...
RULERS <ul><li>AZTEC & INCA </li></ul><ul><li>Wars to gain tribute or captives were led by rulers. </li></ul><ul><li>Army ...
 
WARRIORS <ul><li>AZTEC </li></ul><ul><li>Primitive? </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose of battle was to obtain captives. </li></ul>
WARRIORS <ul><li>INCA </li></ul><ul><li>Primitive? </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose was to kill or take captives. </li></ul>
AZTEC EXPANSION
 
Running & Controlling the Empire <ul><li>AZTEC & INCA </li></ul><ul><li>Armies held the empire together. </li></ul><ul><li...
Running & Controlling the Empire <ul><li>AZTEC </li></ul><ul><li>Forced regions to pay tribute in “stuff.” </li></ul><ul><...
Running the Empire <ul><li>AZTEC </li></ul><ul><li>Did not directly administer or control territories. </li></ul><ul><li>I...
Economics <ul><li>AZTEC & INCA </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture based </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maize, beans, (llamas?) </li></ul...
Economics <ul><li>AZTEC </li></ul><ul><li>Tribute economy </li></ul><ul><li>Free market trade was important – central mark...
 
 
 
COMPARE AZTECs and INCAs <ul><li>Now it’s your turn.  Compare the Aztecs and Incas in terms of their: </li></ul><ul><li>Re...
 
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Lecture aztecs&incas compared

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Lecture aztecs&incas compared

  1. 1. Aztec & Inca Empires: Compared Aztecs 1200s to 1520s Inca 1430s to 1530s
  2. 2. Aztec & Inca Empires <ul><li>Were both based on earlier civilizations and cultures. </li></ul><ul><li>Were originally clan based. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Aztec & Inca Empires <ul><li>Were based on managing resources, goods, and people in an economy centered on intensive agriculture. </li></ul><ul><li>Were based on the conquest of other groups and the extraction of some form of tribute. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Aztec & Inca Empires <ul><li>Conquered local rulers were allowed some freedom to rule their territories in their own way if loyalty and tribute continued. </li></ul><ul><li>Sons of conquered groups were brought to the capital for “education.” </li></ul>
  5. 5. RULERS <ul><li>AZTEC </li></ul><ul><li>Ruled by warrior-kings seen as divine </li></ul><ul><li>Absolute power of ruler-like other emperors in history </li></ul>
  6. 6. RULERS <ul><li>INCA </li></ul><ul><li>Ruled by theocracy– sun-god king whose reign continued </li></ul><ul><li>Mummification </li></ul><ul><li>Absolute power of ruler-like other emperors in history </li></ul>
  7. 7. RULERS <ul><li>AZTEC & INCA </li></ul><ul><li>Wars to gain tribute or captives were led by rulers. </li></ul><ul><li>Army (warriors) was the power-base and nobility. The leading nobles ran the government. </li></ul>
  8. 9. WARRIORS <ul><li>AZTEC </li></ul><ul><li>Primitive? </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose of battle was to obtain captives. </li></ul>
  9. 10. WARRIORS <ul><li>INCA </li></ul><ul><li>Primitive? </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose was to kill or take captives. </li></ul>
  10. 11. AZTEC EXPANSION
  11. 13. Running & Controlling the Empire <ul><li>AZTEC & INCA </li></ul><ul><li>Armies held the empire together. </li></ul><ul><li>Forced regions to pay tribute. </li></ul>
  12. 14. Running & Controlling the Empire <ul><li>AZTEC </li></ul><ul><li>Forced regions to pay tribute in “stuff.” </li></ul><ul><li>INCA </li></ul><ul><li>Forced regions to pay tribute in “labor” (mita) on state lands and “stuff”. </li></ul><ul><li>Land was divided into lands for people, state, and sun. </li></ul>
  13. 15. Running the Empire <ul><li>AZTEC </li></ul><ul><li>Did not directly administer or control territories. </li></ul><ul><li>INCA </li></ul><ul><li>Divided conquered territory, each with a governor. </li></ul><ul><li>Sent out colonists, controlled building and irrigation projects, enlisted conquered people in the military. </li></ul>
  14. 16. Economics <ul><li>AZTEC & INCA </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture based </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maize, beans, (llamas?) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>No banking, money or credit system </li></ul>
  15. 17. Economics <ul><li>AZTEC </li></ul><ul><li>Tribute economy </li></ul><ul><li>Free market trade was important – central markets were regulated. </li></ul><ul><li>INCA </li></ul><ul><li>Tribute economy. </li></ul><ul><li>The government redistributed most goods. </li></ul>
  16. 21. COMPARE AZTECs and INCAs <ul><li>Now it’s your turn. Compare the Aztecs and Incas in terms of their: </li></ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul><ul><li>Social Classes and Gender Roles </li></ul><ul><li>Achievements and Advancements </li></ul><ul><li>(Intellectual, Technological, Scientific) </li></ul>

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