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Lecture aztecs&incas compared
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Lecture aztecs&incas compared

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  • 1. Aztec & Inca Empires: Compared Aztecs 1200s to 1520s Inca 1430s to 1530s
  • 2. Aztec & Inca Empires
    • Were both based on earlier civilizations and cultures.
    • Were originally clan based.
  • 3. Aztec & Inca Empires
    • Were based on managing resources, goods, and people in an economy centered on intensive agriculture.
    • Were based on the conquest of other groups and the extraction of some form of tribute.
  • 4. Aztec & Inca Empires
    • Conquered local rulers were allowed some freedom to rule their territories in their own way if loyalty and tribute continued.
    • Sons of conquered groups were brought to the capital for “education.”
  • 5. RULERS
    • AZTEC
    • Ruled by warrior-kings seen as divine
    • Absolute power of ruler-like other emperors in history
  • 6. RULERS
    • INCA
    • Ruled by theocracy– sun-god king whose reign continued
    • Mummification
    • Absolute power of ruler-like other emperors in history
  • 7. RULERS
    • AZTEC & INCA
    • Wars to gain tribute or captives were led by rulers.
    • Army (warriors) was the power-base and nobility. The leading nobles ran the government.
  • 8.  
  • 9. WARRIORS
    • AZTEC
    • Primitive?
    • Purpose of battle was to obtain captives.
  • 10. WARRIORS
    • INCA
    • Primitive?
    • Purpose was to kill or take captives.
  • 11. AZTEC EXPANSION
  • 12.  
  • 13. Running & Controlling the Empire
    • AZTEC & INCA
    • Armies held the empire together.
    • Forced regions to pay tribute.
  • 14. Running & Controlling the Empire
    • AZTEC
    • Forced regions to pay tribute in “stuff.”
    • INCA
    • Forced regions to pay tribute in “labor” (mita) on state lands and “stuff”.
    • Land was divided into lands for people, state, and sun.
  • 15. Running the Empire
    • AZTEC
    • Did not directly administer or control territories.
    • INCA
    • Divided conquered territory, each with a governor.
    • Sent out colonists, controlled building and irrigation projects, enlisted conquered people in the military.
  • 16. Economics
    • AZTEC & INCA
    • Agriculture based
      • Maize, beans, (llamas?)
    • No banking, money or credit system
  • 17. Economics
    • AZTEC
    • Tribute economy
    • Free market trade was important – central markets were regulated.
    • INCA
    • Tribute economy.
    • The government redistributed most goods.
  • 18.  
  • 19.  
  • 20.  
  • 21. COMPARE AZTECs and INCAs
    • Now it’s your turn. Compare the Aztecs and Incas in terms of their:
    • Religion
    • Social Classes and Gender Roles
    • Achievements and Advancements
    • (Intellectual, Technological, Scientific)
  • 22.  

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