Sub-Saharan Africa Islamization & Trade
Islamization of SS Africa <ul><li>Islam spread into sub-Saharan East and West Africa beginning in the 7 th  century. </li>...
Islamic Influence <ul><li>Primarily, Islam came to Africa through  trade contacts  that had already been established in Ea...
Islamic Influence <ul><li>Merchants and traders were generally the first to convert.  Why were merchants often the first t...
Changes <ul><li>What changes took place in West Africa because of the interaction between West Africa and the rest of the ...
Islamic Influence <ul><li>Arabic,Middle-Eastern, and Islamic cultural influences mixed with African culture  </li></ul><ul...
Slavery <ul><li>What were the status of slaves in Africa? </li></ul>
 
CONTROLLING TRADE – West Africa <ul><li>Ruling classes collected taxes on the salt and other goods traded in their cities....
CONTROLLING TRADE – East Africa <ul><li>What does “Swahili” mean? </li></ul><ul><li>Swahili coast port cities were the con...
CONTROLLING TRADE – East Africa <ul><li>Each port city took advantage of trade in different ways.  </li></ul><ul><li>Some ...
Kingdoms and Empires  (AP) <ul><li>West Africa – Ghana, Mali, Songhay, Benin </li></ul><ul><li>East Africa – Ethiopia (a C...
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Islamization and trade africa

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Islamization and trade africa

  1. 1. Sub-Saharan Africa Islamization & Trade
  2. 2. Islamization of SS Africa <ul><li>Islam spread into sub-Saharan East and West Africa beginning in the 7 th century. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Islamic Influence <ul><li>Primarily, Islam came to Africa through trade contacts that had already been established in East Africa by the 400s ce and in West Africa by the 800s ce. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Islamic Influence <ul><li>Merchants and traders were generally the first to convert. Why were merchants often the first to convert? </li></ul><ul><li>Ruling class or upper class often converted to Islam after the merchants. Why did rulers convert? </li></ul><ul><li>The commoners, if they converted at all, became Muslims much later. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Changes <ul><li>What changes took place in West Africa because of the interaction between West Africa and the rest of the Islamic world? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Islamic Influence <ul><li>Arabic,Middle-Eastern, and Islamic cultural influences mixed with African culture </li></ul><ul><li>In areas such as: </li></ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Justice system / law </li></ul><ul><li>Gender roles </li></ul><ul><li>Social classes </li></ul>
  7. 7. Slavery <ul><li>What were the status of slaves in Africa? </li></ul>
  8. 9. CONTROLLING TRADE – West Africa <ul><li>Ruling classes collected taxes on the salt and other goods traded in their cities. </li></ul><ul><li>Governments had a monopoly on a variety of trade items including gold nuggets. Therefore they controlled supply and kept prices high. </li></ul>
  9. 10. CONTROLLING TRADE – East Africa <ul><li>What does “Swahili” mean? </li></ul><ul><li>Swahili coast port cities were the connection point between the Indian Ocean trade network and Central & South Africa. </li></ul>
  10. 11. CONTROLLING TRADE – East Africa <ul><li>Each port city took advantage of trade in different ways. </li></ul><ul><li>Some city-states’ governments had . . . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>official trade agents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a monopoly on certain goods (ivory, slaves, metals) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>taxation or other charges on imports </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Kingdoms and Empires (AP) <ul><li>West Africa – Ghana, Mali, Songhay, Benin </li></ul><ul><li>East Africa – Ethiopia (a Christian kingdom), Kilwa, Zanzibar, and Mogadishu </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter 8 in the textbook. </li></ul>

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