Islamization and trade africa
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Islamization and trade africa

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    Islamization and trade africa Islamization and trade africa Presentation Transcript

    • Sub-Saharan Africa Islamization & Trade
    • Islamization of SS Africa
      • Islam spread into sub-Saharan East and West Africa beginning in the 7 th century.
    • Islamic Influence
      • Primarily, Islam came to Africa through trade contacts that had already been established in East Africa by the 400s ce and in West Africa by the 800s ce.
    • Islamic Influence
      • Merchants and traders were generally the first to convert. Why were merchants often the first to convert?
      • Ruling class or upper class often converted to Islam after the merchants. Why did rulers convert?
      • The commoners, if they converted at all, became Muslims much later.
    • Changes
      • What changes took place in West Africa because of the interaction between West Africa and the rest of the Islamic world?
    • Islamic Influence
      • Arabic,Middle-Eastern, and Islamic cultural influences mixed with African culture
      • In areas such as:
      • Language
      • Education
      • Architecture
      • Justice system / law
      • Gender roles
      • Social classes
    • Slavery
      • What were the status of slaves in Africa?
    •  
    • CONTROLLING TRADE – West Africa
      • Ruling classes collected taxes on the salt and other goods traded in their cities.
      • Governments had a monopoly on a variety of trade items including gold nuggets. Therefore they controlled supply and kept prices high.
    • CONTROLLING TRADE – East Africa
      • What does “Swahili” mean?
      • Swahili coast port cities were the connection point between the Indian Ocean trade network and Central & South Africa.
    • CONTROLLING TRADE – East Africa
      • Each port city took advantage of trade in different ways.
      • Some city-states’ governments had . . .
        • official trade agents
        • a monopoly on certain goods (ivory, slaves, metals)
        • taxation or other charges on imports
    • Kingdoms and Empires (AP)
      • West Africa – Ghana, Mali, Songhay, Benin
      • East Africa – Ethiopia (a Christian kingdom), Kilwa, Zanzibar, and Mogadishu
      • Chapter 8 in the textbook.