One of the major military victories was the Ottoman capture of Constantinople – which became Istanbul.
Persian culture, including architecture, had a major influence on other Islamic regions.
This is from a letter sent from Suleyman to Francis I – King of France. Francis had asked for help in his war with the Holy Roman Emperors alliance. Suleyman made an alliance with France.
1599, Abbas sent his first diplomatic mission to Europe to gain allies against the Ottoman Empire. Gaining access to European weapons technology was a priority for Safavids—the Mughals had less to do with Europeans’ politically until later.
“best and brightest” of European controlled territory went military or bureaucracy or concubines (SLAVES? What’s the interpretation?)
Compare this with the empire of faith dvd’s version of devishirme.
REMINDER – these Islamic empires are not the only ones “out there” in the 1500s – they were part of a growing global trade and diplomatic network sandwiched between a growing European power states and a strong China resurging after defeating the Mongols (YUAN).
Islamic empires intro 2012
Ottoman, Safavid, &
Do you remember?
• By the 1100s, the Islamic Empire had
split into several different caliphates . .
. centered in Spain, Egypt, and the
• The Seljuk Turks were the group in
control of the Middle East by the 1100s.
• The Mongols invaded and killed the
Seljuk caliph of Baghdad.
The Ottoman Empire
The Ottoman Turks started as soldiers
and slaves of the Seljuks. After the
Seljuks were defeated by the
Mongols, the Ottoman Turks gained
power after the Mongols left.
• The Ottomans were Sunni
Muslims who built one of the
wealthiest and most powerful
Empires of the world at its time.
• It was the dominating power of
• They were all Military Empires &
The Safavid Empire was Shia Muslim
and a rival of the Ottoman Empire.
The Mughal Empire
was created by
Turks and Mongols
who built an empire
in which a Muslim
a Hindu majority.
Ottoman, Safavid, & Mughal Empires
Were all “gunpowder empires”
But these Islamic empires weren’t
Letter from the Ottoman Sultan to the
Safavid ruler (1514)
“You have deserted the path of salvation
and the sacred commandments. . . The
ulama (Islamic judges) have pronounced a
sentence of death against you, perjurer and
A similarity in social class structure
• Each had Slavery as an institution
– nonMuslims were slaves but the
status of slaves varied widely
Devshirme system of
the Ottoman Empire
One interpretation . . .
• Letter from a European ambassador to the
• “Just as we were leaving the city, we were
met by wagon-loads of wretched Christian
slaves who were being led to horrible
servitude…I could scarcely restrain my
tears in pity for the plight of the Christian