Communist Revolutions in
Russia and China
 Before the revolutions – monarchs from a long
lasting dynasty
• QING – 1644-19...
-Socialism –
The means of production (businesses and services) are
owned by the ―public‖ and operated for the good of all....
http://www.diffen.com/difference/Co
mmunism_vs_Fascism
Russian Revolution &
Communist Russia
Russia = Soviet Union = USSR
THE FALL of TSAR’s Government
 PROBLEMS in Russia:
lack of freedom, poor
leadership, major
economic problems, &
food shor...
Stages of Russian Revolution
1916-1917
 Soldiers, rural and urban
workers, & intelligentsia
lead protests.
 Bloodless Re...
PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT failed as
Russian losses in WWI and economic
problems continued
 Radical movements gained support ...
The BOLSHEVIK REVOLUTION
 1917 The Bolsheviks (one of the
radical communist groups) and their
leader, Vladmir LENIN, gain...
The BOLSHEVIK REVOLUTION
CIVIL WAR:
1918 - 1920
 Civil War began as
forces against the
communists fought
back.
 Red (Bolshevik)
Army vs. White (a...
CIVIL WAR:
1918 - 1920
 The Tsar and his
family were
executed before
the communists
won and took
complete control of
the ...
COMMUNIST RULE
 Land was
redistributed(collecti
-vization)
 Industrialization(5-
Year Plans)
 Women gained
status
 Mil...
Joseph StalinJoseph Stalin
A single death is a
tragedy; a million
deaths is a statistic.
Joseph Stalin
The Great Terror 1937-38
• Arrests - about 7 million
• Executions - about 1
million
• In prison or camps in
late 1938 - ab...
There’s Trotsky at a
Lenin speech.
Where’d he go?
There’s Trotsky again
with Lenin.
Where’d he go?
Original cosmonauts
The guy in the back fell
out of favor. Where’d
he go?
Psycho!
“To choose one’s
victims, to prepare
one’s plan, to quench
a strong desire for
vengeance, and then
to go to bed . ...
Intro   ussr communist 2014
Intro   ussr communist 2014
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Intro ussr communist 2014

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Intro ussr communist 2014

  1. 1. Communist Revolutions in Russia and China  Before the revolutions – monarchs from a long lasting dynasty • QING – 1644-1912 • Romanov Tsars – 1300s to 1918  PROBLEMS – economic, social class tensions, rebellions  Revolution part 1 – Dynasty fell and a provisional government took over  Problems continue, Provisional government fails, radicals gain power  Civil War –  Communists win  1921-1991 Soviet Union  1949 - ? Peoples Republic of China
  2. 2. -Socialism – The means of production (businesses and services) are owned by the ―public‖ and operated for the good of all. The government controls key industries and thus parts of the economy. -Marxism / Communism -  A radical type of socialism based upon the belief that:  the working class majority would unite and forcibly take the political and economic power from the wealthy minority—who took advantage of them.  The working class would then control the government, industry and agriculture.  Worker councils would govern ―democratically‖. Goods and services, profits and benefits would be shared equally. Eventually, a classless society would develop.
  3. 3. http://www.diffen.com/difference/Co mmunism_vs_Fascism
  4. 4. Russian Revolution & Communist Russia Russia = Soviet Union = USSR
  5. 5. THE FALL of TSAR’s Government  PROBLEMS in Russia: lack of freedom, poor leadership, major economic problems, & food shortages.  EVENTS that challenged the Tsar’s authority: westernization, defeat in the Russo-Japanese War, “Bloody Sunday”, 1905 Revolution, & losses during World War I.
  6. 6. Stages of Russian Revolution 1916-1917  Soldiers, rural and urban workers, & intelligentsia lead protests.  Bloodless Revolution in March 1917: the Tsar abdicated the throne and a PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT was set up.
  7. 7. PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT failed as Russian losses in WWI and economic problems continued  Radical movements gained support and momentum.
  8. 8. The BOLSHEVIK REVOLUTION  1917 The Bolsheviks (one of the radical communist groups) and their leader, Vladmir LENIN, gained enough support and power to seize control of the government “on behalf of the people”
  9. 9. The BOLSHEVIK REVOLUTION
  10. 10. CIVIL WAR: 1918 - 1920  Civil War began as forces against the communists fought back.  Red (Bolshevik) Army vs. White (anti- Bolshevik) Army
  11. 11. CIVIL WAR: 1918 - 1920  The Tsar and his family were executed before the communists won and took complete control of the country.
  12. 12. COMMUNIST RULE  Land was redistributed(collecti -vization)  Industrialization(5- Year Plans)  Women gained status  Military was built- arms race
  13. 13. Joseph StalinJoseph Stalin A single death is a tragedy; a million deaths is a statistic. Joseph Stalin
  14. 14. The Great Terror 1937-38 • Arrests - about 7 million • Executions - about 1 million • In prison or camps in late 1938 - about 9 million • Gulags in Siberia • Died in camps - about 2 million
  15. 15. There’s Trotsky at a Lenin speech. Where’d he go?
  16. 16. There’s Trotsky again with Lenin. Where’d he go?
  17. 17. Original cosmonauts The guy in the back fell out of favor. Where’d he go?
  18. 18. Psycho! “To choose one’s victims, to prepare one’s plan, to quench a strong desire for vengeance, and then to go to bed . . .there is nothing sweeter in the world.” Josef Stalin
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