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Intro to islam
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Intro to islam

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Transcript

  • 1. ISLAM In CONTEXT Islam – submission Muslim – one who submits
  • 2. Foundations
    • Islam began in the Arabian Peninsula within Arab Bedouin culture.
    • Bedouin culture was largely nomadic and polytheistic.
  • 3.  
  • 4.  
  • 5. Foundations
    • Muhammad was a merchant who experienced a revelation of God (Allah) that would begin a new religion – with connections to Judaism and Christianity.
  • 6. Texts
    • The Quran (Koran) contains the revelations given to Muhammad.
    • The Hadith are the teachings and actions of Muhammad.
  • 7. Spread
    • After Muhammad gained followers and won a civil war against other clan leaders, more groups joined him.
    • Military success, the weakness of surrounding Empires, and elements of Islamic belief allowed Muslims to expand their control.
    • The next centuries saw rapid expansion of the Islamic empire.
  • 8.  
  • 9. Spread
    • As it spread, Arabic language and culture spread and mixed with other cultures.
  • 10.  
  • 11. Spread & CHANGE
    • Soon after Muhammad’s death, two groups developed as a result of conflicting ideas about leadership.
    • Sunni and Shi’a branches of Islam continued to split into smaller groups.
  • 12.  
  • 13. Spread & CHANGE
    • As Islam spread into other regions it influenced cultures.
    • New cultures also influenced elements of Islam.
  • 14. Connections with Judaism and Christianity
    • Islam retained elements of Judaism and Christianity.
      • Abraham
      • Jesus (as a prophet)
      • The Torah and Quran have similar narratives
  • 15. ESSAY Prompts
    • Analyze the continuities and changes over time in Islamic Civilization as it spread from 600 ce to 1500 ce.
    • Analyze the similarities and differences in TWO of the following societies as they were impacted by Islam from 600 to 1500 ce.
      • India
      • Anatolia
      • West Africa
      • Spain