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Intro chinese communist 2014
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Intro chinese communist 2014

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  • 1. Slide 1 Revolution in China and Communist China (How does this compare with the Russian Revolution and Stalin’s Soviet Union) This presentation relies heavily on a power point created by Dan McDowell. Teaching Point, ©2003
  • 2. Slide 2 Background • Manchu / Qing Dynasty maintained limited power while other nations held major concessions in the 20th century.
  • 3. Slide 3 QING DYNASTY FELL • Rural & urban workers, nationalists, communists, and intellectuals protested against the government. • The dynasty fell in 1911 and a weak provisional government took its place. • 1911 – 1925 Chinese Republic
  • 4. Slide 4 CIVIL WAR 1925-1937 • After the provisional government failed, the NATIONALISTS led by Chiang Kai- shek, the COMMUNISTS led by Mao Zedong, and various WARLORDS began a CIVIL WAR for control of China
  • 5. Slide 5 Mao Zedong • Led the army in developing guerilla warfare tactics to fight the Nationalists and later the Japanese
  • 6. Slide 6 1937 – Japan invaded China • Communists & Nationalists fought the Japanese “separately together”. • Communists were more effective in their guerilla war against the Japanese.
  • 7. Slide 7 Civil War Continued 1945- 1949 • The West supported the Nationalist Army and the USSR sent some support to Mao
  • 8. Slide 8 Communist Victory 1949 • the Communists founded the People’s Republic of China.
  • 9. Slide 9 China under Communist • Foreigners were kicked out • Redistribution of land by the government • Industrialization began • Women gained power
  • 10. Slide 10 Mao consolidated power • Many who were nationalists, upper-class, or dissidents were imprisoned in forced labor camps or killed.
  • 11. Slide 11 Social Class Changes • Wealthy upper class (including ruling families) was removed. • Landowning class was destroyed. • Intellectuals attacked
  • 12. Slide 12 Great Leap Forward 1950s- • Mao’s government took control of all the land. • Started “back yard industrialization”
  • 13. Great Leap Forward • The plan failed miserably – famine caused over 20 million deaths, steel production dropped drastically.
  • 14. Slide 14
  • 15. Both USSR and China • Totalitarian government and leader – TOTAL control of all the gov, econ, and culture – LAND collectivization /Industrialization – Gains in industrialization/women’s status – Millions of political “opponents” imprisoned and/or executed – Millions die in famines – U.S. and its allies are enemies Slide 16

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