Background• Manchu / Qing Dynasty maintained limited power while other nations held major concessions in the 20th century. Slide 2
QING DYNASTY FELL • Rural & urban workers, nationalists, communists, and intellectuals protested against the government. • The dynasty fell in 1911 and a weak provisional government took its place. • 1911 – 1925 Chinese Republic Slide 3
CIVIL WAR 1925-1937• After the provisional government failed, the NATIONALISTS led by Chiang Kai- shek, the COMMUNISTS led by Mao Zedong, and various WARLORDS began a CIVIL WAR for control of China Slide 4
Mao Zedong • Led the army in developing guerilla warfare tactics to fight the Nationalists and later the Japanese Slide 5
1937 – Japan invaded China• Communists & Nationalists fought the Japanese “separately together”.• Communists were more effective in their guerilla war against the Japanese. Slide 6
Civil War Continued 1945-1949 • The West supported the Nationalist Army and the USSR sent some support to Mao Slide 7
Communist Victory1949• the Communists founded the People’s Republic of China. Slide 8
China under Communist • Foreigners were kicked out • Redistribution of land by the government • Industrialization began • Women gained power Slide 9
Mao consolidated power • Many who were nationalists, upperclass, or dissidents were imprisoned in forced labor camps or killed. Slide 10
Social Class Changes • Wealthy upper class (including ruling families) was removed. • Landowning class was destroyed. • Intellectuals attacked Slide 11
Great Leap Forward 1950s- • Mao’s government took control of all the land. • Started “back yard industrialization” Slide 12
Great Leap Forward• The plan failed miserably – famine caused over 20 million deaths, steel production dropped drastically.
A particular slide catching your eye?
Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.