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Industrial revolution changes

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  • 1. The Industrial Revolution (W. Europe & Japan) A time of change & “progress”. More positive effects and more negative consequences at an increasingly fast pace.
  • 2. “No movement in human history did more than the Industrial Revolution to change the way people live. It has provided humanity with great benefits, and at the same time, it has destroyed people with its less fortunate consequences.”
  • 3. The Industrial Revolution in W. Europe, U.S. and later Japan (19th century)  Industrialization took place when new technology and new organization of work changed how goods were produced.
  • 4.   Machines using water then fossil fuel powered engines replaced people and animals as key sources of work. New technologies increased agricultural production.
  • 5. STEAM POWER from coal
  • 6. From home to factory production
  • 7. Textile Industry in Britain: the beginning of the industrial revolution.
  • 8.  Automatic processes in production led to factory systems and introduced specialization of labor that permanently changed the nature of human labor.
  • 9. Iron and steel industry developed
  • 10.  Improvements in transportation and communication made the world “smaller.”
  • 11. The Industrial Revolution brought other CHANGES in Western Europe (and later Japan): Urbanization  Nations’ wealth and power became increasingly dependent on industry.*  *agriculture and land control still extremely important
  • 12.  Social classes changed (new groups with new influence):  New members of the upper and middle class (owners, managers, skilled workers)  Urban workers
  • 13.  women in the work force
  • 14. children in the workforce
  • 15. Other CHANGES from the Industrial Revolution. . .  Patterns of urban society and family dynamics were changed forever. For example:  Public education  Pace of life increased . . . Life on the clock, less rest.  Children not as dependent on their parents
  • 16. HOW INDUSTRIALIZATION DESTROYED: For the lower classes: bad working conditions  Pace of work  repetitiveness and tediousness of work  lack of safety standards in equipment and pollution
  • 17. HOW INDUSTRIALIZATION DESTROYED: For the working class:  low wages  little job security (even if injured or sick)
  • 18. HOW INDUSTRIALIZATION DESTROYED:  there were few laws against overuse and abuse of natural resources
  • 19. HOW INDUSTRIALIZATION DESTROYED: the early industrial economy was unstable  rapid urbanization led to problems in living conditions 
  • 20. RESPONSES . . . To the changes    Government expanded its influence. Reforms to change problems in industry and cities came from governments and individuals. Workers responded in different ways   Unionization Created or joined radical groups People offered new philosophies about economy and politics in the industrial age.