The Industrial Revolution
(W. Europe & Japan)
A time of change & “progress”.
More positive effects and more
negative consequences at an
increasingly fast pace.
“No movement in human history did
more than the Industrial Revolution to
change the way people live. It has
provided humanity with great benefits,
and at the same time, it has destroyed
people with its less fortunate
The Industrial Revolution in W.
Europe, U.S. and later Japan
took place when
how goods were
Machines using water then fossil
fuel powered engines replaced
people and animals as key
sources of work.
New technologies increased
Improvements in transportation
and communication made the
The Industrial Revolution brought other
CHANGES in Western Europe (and later
Nations’ wealth and power became
increasingly dependent on industry.*
*agriculture and land control still extremely
Social classes changed (new groups
with new influence):
New members of the upper and
middle class (owners, managers,
Other CHANGES from the
Industrial Revolution. . .
Patterns of urban society and family
dynamics were changed forever.
Pace of life increased . . . Life on the clock,
Children not as dependent on their parents
For the lower classes:
bad working conditions
Pace of work
tediousness of work
lack of safety standards
in equipment and
For the working class:
little job security (even
if injured or sick)
there were few laws against overuse and
abuse of natural resources
to problems in
RESPONSES . . . To the changes
Government expanded its influence.
Reforms to change problems in
industry and cities came from
governments and individuals.
Workers responded in different ways
Created or joined radical groups
People offered new philosophies about
economy and politics in the industrial