IMPERIALISM (1770s-1914) Imperialism is the extension of political, economic, or social control by industrialized nations on other weaker nations, regions, and territories. In the 19th century, imperialism was a trend in the world.
WHY did industrialized nations seek to control other areas of the world in the 18 th and 19 th centuries?
Industrial Revolution Source for Raw Materials Markets for Finished Goods European Nationalism Missionary Activity Military & Naval Bases European Motives For Colonization Places to Dump Unwanted/ Excess Popul. Soc. & Eco. Opportunities Humanitarian Reasons European Racism “ White Man’s Burden” Social Darwinism
Because they could! <ul><li>Industrialized nations had: </li></ul><ul><li>“ united” effort and a “superiority complex” </li></ul><ul><li>wealth for investment and influence </li></ul><ul><li>superior firepower, military technology, & armies and navies </li></ul>
Scramble for Africa <ul><li>Europe had been interested in Africa for centuries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Through the slave trade </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Much of Africa still unexplored until 1880s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>European influence restricted to coastline </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Initially difficult to get to interior due to geography </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diseases made exploration difficult. (malaria, yellow fever etc) </li></ul></ul>
Technology Encourages Europeans to explore African interior <ul><li>Steamboats </li></ul><ul><li>Advances in medicine </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Quinine – stops malaria </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Suez Canal </li></ul>
Geographical Impact of the Suez Canal, 1869 See why the Suez canal is a “strategic” location? AFRICA EUROPE Suez Canal EAST ASIA Indian Ocean 16,000 KM 10,000 KM
What is being advertised? Where is this taking place? How can you tell? What is going on? What does it tell us about imperialism / colonialism? Who was the queen at the time? Common advertisement during Imperialism
Geopolitics! Europeans wanted to control more territory. <ul><li>The more places a nation controlled, the better it could gain access to and control other areas around the world for BOTH trade and naval & military purposes. </li></ul>