Imperialism
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  • 1. Imperialism in the 18th & 19th Centuries
  • 2. IMPERIALISM (1770s-1914)Industrialized nations (Europe,U.S., Russia, and later Japan)strengthened their control overtheir colonies AND establishedtransoceanic empires throughoutAsia, the Pacific, and Africa.Imperialism is this extension ofpolitical and economic control.
  • 3. European Colonies - 1700
  • 4. Industrialized nations control by 1900
  • 5. The partition of Africa 1800s
  • 6. The partition of Africa 1914
  • 7. An example from China- the Opium Wars 1830s
  • 8. Silver to China!
  • 9. Tea & Silkfrom China
  • 10. Opium Warehouse - India
  • 11. BLOCKADE OF FOREIGNFACTORIES
  • 12. Opium War 1839
  • 13. Treaty of Nanjing
  • 14. The British Empire 19 century th
  • 15. WHY did industrialized nations seek to controlother areas of the world inthe 18 and 19 centuries? th th
  • 16. Western nations wanted: PROFIT!!Industrialized nations wanted access to: raw materials for their factories
  • 17.  markets for their factory products
  • 18.  To control the trade of valuable products around the world.
  • 19.  Missionaries, aid societies, and others wanted to “Christianize” and/or “civilize” people in less developed regions.
  • 20. HOW did they do it?Industrialized nations: Used their stronger militaries (using superior firepower, military technology, & navies)
  • 21. U.S. Troops in the Philippines
  • 22. Industrialized nations: Used their wealth for influence Had support by industrialists, military, and religious groups
  • 23. Industrialized nations had: Medicines and medical technology
  • 24. JUSTIFICATION for Imperialism Widespread belief among imperial powers that European (or Japanese) races SHOULD dominate the world. SOCIAL DARWINISM – survival of the world’s best races
  • 25. British control of India