Imperialism in the 18th & 19th Centuries
IMPERIALISM (1770s-1914)Industrialized nations (Europe,U.S., Russia, and later Japan)strengthened their control overtheir colonies AND establishedtransoceanic empires throughoutAsia, the Pacific, and Africa.Imperialism is this extension ofpolitical and economic control.
European Colonies - 1700
Industrialized nations control by 1900
The partition of Africa 1800s
The partition of Africa 1914
An example from China- the Opium Wars 1830s
Silver to China!
Tea & Silkfrom China
Opium Warehouse - India
BLOCKADE OF FOREIGNFACTORIES
Opium War 1839
Treaty of Nanjing
The British Empire 19 century th
WHY did industrialized nations seek to controlother areas of the world inthe 18 and 19 centuries? th th
Western nations wanted: PROFIT!!Industrialized nations wanted access to: raw materials for their factories
markets for their factory products
To control the trade of valuable products around the world.
Missionaries, aid societies, and others wanted to “Christianize” and/or “civilize” people in less developed regions.
HOW did they do it?Industrialized nations: Used their stronger militaries (using superior firepower, military technology, & navies)
U.S. Troops in the Philippines
Industrialized nations: Used their wealth for influence Had support by industrialists, military, and religious groups
Industrialized nations had: Medicines and medical technology
JUSTIFICATION for Imperialism Widespread belief among imperial powers that European (or Japanese) races SHOULD dominate the world. SOCIAL DARWINISM – survival of the world’s best races
British control of India