Gunpowder empires compared

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Gunpowder empires compared

  1. 1. Ottoman, Safavid, & Mughal Empires - Compared
  2. 2. Ottoman, Safavid, & Mughal Empires: compared They were Islamic. They existed at about the same time – Suleiman, Abbas I, Akbar were the rulers at the height of each empire and were contemporaries.
  3. 3. CAPITALS Ottoman Mughal Bursa then Istanbul Delhi The Red Fort Sulimaniye Mosque
  4. 4. Safavid - Isfahan
  5. 5. Ottoman, Safavid, & Mughal Empires: compared They were Military Empires & “ Gunpowder Empires”
  6. 6. Ottoman Cannon 1600s
  7. 7. Ottoman, Safavid, & Mughal Empires: compared They were Military Empires & “Gunpowder Empires” Each had a centralized government with a Sultan, Shah, or Emperor as the key leader Bureaucracies managed the empires (Ottoman bureaucracy was the most extensive).
  8. 8. Ottoman, Safavid, & Mughal Empires: compared Each had Slavery as an institution – nonMuslims were slaves but the status of slaves varied widely Concubines of India
  9. 9. Ottoman, Safavid, & Mughal Empires: compared Factors of Decline were similar – Inflation & Taxation of the lower classes The Land-Grant system (land given to military officers but not hereditary) limited development Weak rulers
  10. 10. Religious Intolerance Religious minorities were persecuted at times – Sunnis, Shi’a, Sikhs, others non-Muslims paid higher taxes They launched missionary efforts and reforms aimed at religious nonconformists
  11. 11. Religious Tolerance Government positions were available to outsiders and nonMuslims Christians and Jews and their communities were given special status Some reforms were made to benefit nonMuslims

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