Decolonization in africa

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Decolonization in africa

  1. 1. Independence movements in Africa, Asia, and the Middle East 1920s – 1980s
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>By the mid-20 th century, many REGIONS in Africa, Asia and the Middle East had “freed” themselves from European dominance. </li></ul><ul><li>Decolonization is the term historians have used to describe this process </li></ul>
  3. 3. CHINA <ul><li>One result of Mao and the communists taking over China was that China became “free” from Western control. </li></ul>
  4. 5. What happened? <ul><li>European withdrawal </li></ul><ul><li>Revolutions </li></ul><ul><li>Non-violent Independence Movements </li></ul>
  5. 6. Causes of Decolonization <ul><li>What forces led to the end of European colonial empires? </li></ul><ul><li>Education and information acquired by Asians and Africans. </li></ul><ul><li>World Wars </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WWI –fighting in the colonies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WWII – left little desire for war </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nationalism! </li></ul>
  6. 7. Trends in Decolonization <ul><li>Decolonization began earlier in asia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>India breaking from Britian became a pattern </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Leaders of independence movements were often the western educated elite </li></ul>
  7. 8. Decolonization <ul><li>The many differing African and Asian groups used a variety of elements in their efforts to gain independence. </li></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><li>“ Victory attained by violence is the same as defeat, for it is momentary.” </li></ul><ul><li>Mohandas Gandhi </li></ul><ul><li>“ You can kill ten of our men for every one we kill of yours. But even at those odds, you will lose and we will win.” </li></ul><ul><li>Ho Chi Minh </li></ul>
  9. 12. RESULTS of Decolonization <ul><li>Regions of the world became “free”. </li></ul><ul><li>the indigenous elite often replaced the colonial elite with little change for the masses. </li></ul><ul><li>Problems remained Such as </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Dependency on the West </li></ul><ul><li>Limited Industrialization & Economic Development </li></ul><ul><li>Tribal, racial, religious differences </li></ul>
  10. 13. What if? <ul><li>Generally speaking, Would Asia and Africa be more economically and politically solid today if Europeans had not colonized those regions in the 19 th century? </li></ul><ul><li>Give Evidence from politics or economy to support your response. </li></ul>

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