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Classical tech & innovations

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    Classical tech & innovations Classical tech & innovations Presentation Transcript

    • What are these? To which civilization does it belong?
    • What is this? To which civilization does it belong?
    • What is this? To which civilization does it belong?
    • Indian Numerals (Arabic numerals)
    • Chinese water mill-grind grain/making of cast iron
    • Roman aqueduct
    • Classical Civilizations Scientific Advancements and Technological Innovations
    • Science and Technology in India, China, and the Mediterranean
      • Education
        • Gupta leaders set up a university system
        • Han leaders set up schools for scholar officials
        • Greece and Egypt remained centers for learning.
    • Advancements in Engineering
      • CHINA
      • Roads, canals, the Great Wall
      • INDIA
      • Roads
      • Mediterranean
      • Roads, aqueducts, monumental structures, water and sewer systems
      • Grand Canal
      • Roman Roads
      • Great Wall
      • Roman Aqueduct
      • Roman Baths
    • Mediterranean Colossal Structures
      • Greek Parthenon
      • Roman Pantheon
    • Science and Technology in Both India and China – but not Mediterranean
      • Advanced metallurgy
        • Steel in India, Iron in China
      • Advanced textile manufacturing
        • cotton in India, Silk in China
    • Science and Technology in China – Practical Applications
      • Agricultural technology*
      • Plows and new collar
      • Water mills
      • Wheelbarrow
      • Paper manufacture
    • The Science and Technology in India - Theoretical
      • Gupta India
      • *Number System
      • Concept of Zero
      • Decimal system
      • Medicine
        • Surgery
        • Inoculations
      • Astronomy
        • Round Earth
        • Solar Year
    • Science and Technology in the Mediterranean – “ relatively few new scientific findings ”
      • Classical Greece
      • Theoretical
        • Astronomy?
        • Geometry & Physics
      • Philosophical
        • Socrates, Plato, Aristotle
      • Classical Rome
      • Preserved Hellenistic (Greek) learning in texts
      • Practical
      • Limited technology because of slave labor!
      • Engineering!