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Classical Civilizations – 
Political Developments
The Dynasties and Empires 
China 
 Qin 
 Han 
Persian Empire 
India 
 Mauryan 
 Gupta 
Greece/Alexander 
 City-States...
Greek City-States
Alexander’s Empire
Persian Empire
Han China 
India
Some Similarities… 
Centralized Monarchies 
Exceptions? 
Bureaucracy (administrators, tax 
collectors, judges, governor...
Other similarities . . . 
Military conquest and 
expansion of territory.
 Central 
government 
sponsored public 
works projects
Relatively unified law code used 
throughout the empires.
Persia 
Centralized Authority of an Absolute monarch… 
 Emperor connected to the god Ahura Mazda & 
extensive bureaucracy...
Political Developments-Qin & Han 
Strongest central 
authority 
 *Standardization 
 Economic control - 
iron, salt, and ...
 Mandate of Heaven  Dynastic Cycle 
continued
Indian Political Developments 
Central 
authority with 
“independent” 
locals 
Caste 
structured 
society 
Local trade ...
Greece 
 Independent CITY-STATES 
 Variety of governments including- 
Monarchy & Democracy 
 Little diversity in cultur...
Alexander the Great expanded 
Greek Civilization for a short time.
Political Developments in the Roman 
Empire 
 1st a Republic, then 
an Empire w/ a 
monarch 
 Citizenship & 
Slavery 
 ...
Political Developments in the Roman 
Empire 
 Local rulers 
maintained regional 
rule with Roman 
oversight 
 Diversity ...
The Collapse of Empire-Rome and 
Han China-The Differences 
Rome 
 No large scale, 
centralized 
authority ever 
rules ov...
Classical civs political development 2013 version
Classical civs political development 2013 version
Classical civs political development 2013 version
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Transcript of "Classical civs political development 2013 version"

  1. 1. Classical Civilizations – Political Developments
  2. 2. The Dynasties and Empires China  Qin  Han Persian Empire India  Mauryan  Gupta Greece/Alexander  City-States of Greece  Alexander’s Conquests Roman Empire  Republic & Empire
  3. 3. Greek City-States
  4. 4. Alexander’s Empire
  5. 5. Persian Empire
  6. 6. Han China India
  7. 7. Some Similarities… Centralized Monarchies Exceptions? Bureaucracy (administrators, tax collectors, judges, governors, etc.) Most extensive? Taxation Religion reinforced political authority Examples?
  8. 8. Other similarities . . . Military conquest and expansion of territory.
  9. 9.  Central government sponsored public works projects
  10. 10. Relatively unified law code used throughout the empires.
  11. 11. Persia Centralized Authority of an Absolute monarch…  Emperor connected to the god Ahura Mazda & extensive bureaucracy  Ruled over 35 million people-respected diverse cultural traditions of subject people  Royal Road
  12. 12. Political Developments-Qin & Han Strongest central authority  *Standardization  Economic control - iron, salt, and silk trade  Expansion of bureaucracy  Education and examination system created a scholar gentry class of government workers.
  13. 13.  Mandate of Heaven  Dynastic Cycle continued
  14. 14. Indian Political Developments Central authority with “independent” locals Caste structured society Local trade unrestricted
  15. 15. Greece  Independent CITY-STATES  Variety of governments including- Monarchy & Democracy  Little diversity in culture and religion  Citizenship and SLAVERY
  16. 16. Alexander the Great expanded Greek Civilization for a short time.
  17. 17. Political Developments in the Roman Empire  1st a Republic, then an Empire w/ a monarch  Citizenship & Slavery  Strongest Law code
  18. 18. Political Developments in the Roman Empire  Local rulers maintained regional rule with Roman oversight  Diversity in religious beliefs and languages  Local trade relatively unrestricted – except for the trade of grains
  19. 19. The Collapse of Empire-Rome and Han China-The Differences Rome  No large scale, centralized authority ever rules over W. Europe for any significant time…ever! Han China  After several hundred years, a new dynasty emerges with a return to a single emperor, a bureaucracy selected by education and exams, and Confucian beliefs
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