Classical civs political development 2013 version

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  • 1. Classical Civilizations – Political Developments
  • 2. The Dynasties and Empires China  Qin  Han Persian Empire India  Mauryan  Gupta Greece/Alexander  City-States of Greece  Alexander’s Conquests Roman Empire  Republic & Empire
  • 3. Greek City-States
  • 4. Alexander’s Empire
  • 5. Persian Empire
  • 6. Han China India
  • 7. Some Similarities… Centralized Monarchies Exceptions? Bureaucracy (administrators, tax collectors, judges, governors, etc.) Most extensive? Taxation Religion reinforced political authority Examples?
  • 8. Other similarities . . . Military conquest and expansion of territory.
  • 9.  Central government sponsored public works projects
  • 10. Relatively unified law code used throughout the empires.
  • 11. Persia Centralized Authority of an Absolute monarch…  Emperor connected to the god Ahura Mazda & extensive bureaucracy  Ruled over 35 million people-respected diverse cultural traditions of subject people  Royal Road
  • 12. Political Developments-Qin & Han Strongest central authority  *Standardization  Economic control - iron, salt, and silk trade  Expansion of bureaucracy  Education and examination system created a scholar gentry class of government workers.
  • 13.  Mandate of Heaven  Dynastic Cycle continued
  • 14. Indian Political Developments Central authority with “independent” locals Caste structured society Local trade unrestricted
  • 15. Greece  Independent CITY-STATES  Variety of governments including- Monarchy & Democracy  Little diversity in culture and religion  Citizenship and SLAVERY
  • 16. Alexander the Great expanded Greek Civilization for a short time.
  • 17. Political Developments in the Roman Empire  1st a Republic, then an Empire w/ a monarch  Citizenship & Slavery  Strongest Law code
  • 18. Political Developments in the Roman Empire  Local rulers maintained regional rule with Roman oversight  Diversity in religious beliefs and languages  Local trade relatively unrestricted – except for the trade of grains
  • 19. The Collapse of Empire-Rome and Han China-The Differences Rome  No large scale, centralized authority ever rules over W. Europe for any significant time…ever! Han China  After several hundred years, a new dynasty emerges with a return to a single emperor, a bureaucracy selected by education and exams, and Confucian beliefs