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Ccotcomparativebigideasvocab 100511075346-phpapp01


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  • 2. CONTINUITY in politics and socialclasses From the earliest civilizations to thepresent, leaders and governments hadconnections or were directly tied toreligion. Religious leaders were in the eliteclasses. Egyptian pharaoh, Mandate ofHeaven, Caliph, Akbar made his ownreligion, Divine Right
  • 3. CHANGE in politics in the WEST and later inAsia and Africa in the 19th centuries The RISE OF SECULAR GOVERNMENTS Religion began to separate from politics. Government’s power was not based onreligious ideology. Enlightenment American and French revolutions Post-WWs disillusion Communist Revolutions in Russia andChina
  • 4. CONTINUITIES in POLITICS andSOCIAL CLASSESThe military had an important role in thegovernment and politics of regions andempires.Warriors/military leaders have often been in theelite classes.Some evidence Classical Civs were all based on expansion and thendominance through military might or alliances (1st centuriesbce to 3rd centuries ce). Islamic Empire expanded through military conquest. (8thcenturies to 11th century). Mongol armies built the largest land empire in the world (13thcentury). Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal Empires and Aztec & Inca. (13thto 17th centuries) The America, French, Haitian (18th), Latin American(19th), and Russian Revolutions (20th) were military based. Ashoka, Muhammad, Knights, Samurai, Aztecwarriors, Chinggis Khan, George Washington, Mao
  • 5. CONTINUITIES in POLITICSFrom the earliest civilizations to thepresent, the military has had animportant role in the government andpolitics of regions and empires.HOWEVER, Chinese scholar gentry had power overthe military in times of stability andwere in an equivalent social class.
  • 6. ECONOMIC CHANGES 2000s bce Neolithic Revolution(agriculture) leads to permanentsettlements 200s bce - 400s ce ClassicalTrade Classical period saw more trade asclassical empires in Mediterranean,India, and China helped foster trade
  • 7. ECONOMIC CHANGES 700s – 1000s ce Islamic Empire 1450 – 1750 ceOttoman, Safavid, and MughalEmpires Islamic Empire(s) connectAsia, Africa, Indian Ocean and theMediterranean – trade increases(pilgrimage)
  • 8. ECONOMIC CHANGES 1450 – 1750s ce EuropeanExpansion Americas, Africa, Asia, Atlantic andIndian Ocean connections(Columbian Exchange, slave trade) Europeans begin to dominate tradenetworks. More “world” in world trade
  • 9. ECONOMIC CHANGES Late 1700s to 1900 IndustrialRevolution first in Europe, thenUS, then Russia and Japan Manufacturing and commercebecame the base of manyeconomies. Political, social, andgender results. The WEST continuedto dominate.
  • 10. ECONOMIC CHANGES 19th century Imperialism andColonialism World trade increases as Europeansand US take control of many parts ofAfrica and Asia.
  • 11. ECONOMIC CHANGES 1900s Consumerism Emphasis on consumer goods in theeconomy began in the West.
  • 12. Continuities according to 3rd period “Luxury” goods tended to be a main part of trade – earlycivs to present Gold, spices, silk, porcelain China – exported more than imported (until the 1700s) Ag is the base of most economies Competition improves quality European weapons US intervention in 1900s Trade benefits the upper class (or merchant) Dependency on the west . . (after 1800s) Capitalism after industrial rev China (1800s) & Japan’s (up to 1800s) chosen isolation
  • 13. Economic Continuities according to 5thperiod “Luxury” goods tended to be a main partof trade – early civs to present Gold, spices, silk, porcelain Ag is base of economy Gov involved or controlled trade. Economy is improved through expansion Division of labor = social classes. Economic & trade centers near waterroutes. Until 19th c – importance slave labor
  • 14. Economic Continuities according to 6thperiod Luxury goods important part of regional orworld trade Spice, ivory, silk, precious metals, coffee? Ag based economies Economy expanded through colonizing orconquest Specialization of labor Religion and trade Government supported control
  • 15. SOME AP VOCAB Demographics – make-up of humanpopulations (ethnic, religious, regional) The demographics of the westernhemisphere changed after European arrival.The native population declined and theEuropean population increased. Also, newclasses of mixed ancestry began. Political structure or system – how thegovernment is set up Social hierarchy – social class (the castesystem was in India)
  • 16. SOME AP VOCAB Labor systems – how people work, workpatterns Coercive labor system – forced labor likeslavery or indentured servitude. Elite – upper class Gender systems – roles of men andwomen