Buddhism 2010

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Buddhism 2010

  1. 1. BUDDHISM
  2. 2. Foundation <ul><li>Founded in India by Siddhartha Gautama (the Buddha) in the 500s bce. </li></ul><ul><li>It initially challenged the power of priests as well as elements of caste and gender structures in Hindu India. </li></ul>
  3. 3. GODS? <ul><li>In some forms of Buddhism, there was neither a rejection of gods nor a use of gods. </li></ul><ul><li>In other forms of Buddhism, Bodhisattvas (enlightened ones) were revered as saints. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Knowledge and discipline <ul><li>Middle path of moderation (knowledge). </li></ul><ul><li>life is suffering </li></ul><ul><li>suffering is from desire </li></ul><ul><li>the solution of suffering lies in ending desire </li></ul><ul><li>desire can be lessened by following the eightfold path – actions and thoughts toward perfection </li></ul>
  5. 6. Ultimate Goal <ul><li>breaking the cycle of reincarnations and achieving Nirvana </li></ul>
  6. 7. Sacred Texts include <ul><li>Tripitaka & Sutras- collection of the Buddha’s teaching, commentaries on his teaching , & rules for monastic life </li></ul>
  7. 9. Spread & Change <ul><li>Monastic groups developed as Buddhism spread. </li></ul><ul><li>Bodhisattvas were revered as saints (almost god-like). </li></ul><ul><li>Statues and pictures of the bodhisattvas were produced. </li></ul>
  8. 10. Spread & Change in the classical period. <ul><li>A “split” in Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>Mahayana Buddhism –emphasis on divinity of the Buddha and other saints as it spread into East and SE Asia. Later split included Vajrayana Buddhism. </li></ul><ul><li>Theravada Buddhism – “older” form of Buddhism retaining its earlier Indian influence. </li></ul>
  9. 12. Spread & Change in the Classical Period <ul><li>Buddhist groups gained political and economic power in some regions gaining great influence. </li></ul>
  10. 13. Spread & Change <ul><li>Buddhism at times challenged the use of violence, religious intolerance, rigid social classes, and gender roles. </li></ul>

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