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Buddhism 2010

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Transcript

  • 1. BUDDHISM
  • 2. Foundation
    • Founded in India by Siddhartha Gautama (the Buddha) in the 500s bce.
    • It initially challenged the power of priests as well as elements of caste and gender structures in Hindu India.
  • 3. GODS?
    • In some forms of Buddhism, there was neither a rejection of gods nor a use of gods.
    • In other forms of Buddhism, Bodhisattvas (enlightened ones) were revered as saints.
  • 4. Knowledge and discipline
    • Middle path of moderation (knowledge).
    • life is suffering
    • suffering is from desire
    • the solution of suffering lies in ending desire
    • desire can be lessened by following the eightfold path – actions and thoughts toward perfection
  • 5.  
  • 6. Ultimate Goal
    • breaking the cycle of reincarnations and achieving Nirvana
  • 7. Sacred Texts include
    • Tripitaka & Sutras- collection of the Buddha’s teaching, commentaries on his teaching , & rules for monastic life
  • 8.  
  • 9. Spread & Change
    • Monastic groups developed as Buddhism spread.
    • Bodhisattvas were revered as saints (almost god-like).
    • Statues and pictures of the bodhisattvas were produced.
  • 10. Spread & Change in the classical period.
    • A “split” in Buddhism
    • Mahayana Buddhism –emphasis on divinity of the Buddha and other saints as it spread into East and SE Asia. Later split included Vajrayana Buddhism.
    • Theravada Buddhism – “older” form of Buddhism retaining its earlier Indian influence.
  • 11.  
  • 12. Spread & Change in the Classical Period
    • Buddhist groups gained political and economic power in some regions gaining great influence.
  • 13. Spread & Change
    • Buddhism at times challenged the use of violence, religious intolerance, rigid social classes, and gender roles.