Brief intro to classical civs
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Brief intro to classical civs

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Brief intro to classical civs Brief intro to classical civs Presentation Transcript

  • Similarities in the 4 Early Civs
    • Tigris-Euphrates = Sumerian, Mesopotamian
    • Egyptian
    • Indus Valley
    • China = Shang dynasty
  • Similarities in the 4 Early Civs
    • Government –
    • government and religions were connected
    • Empire – central government controlled, often through force, several groups or societies and their territories
    • Dynastic cycle in Egypt and China
  • Similarities in the 4 Early Civs
    • Economics
    • Agricultural goods were the basis of the economy.
    • Government regulation of trade.
    • People paid taxes in labor or products.
  • Similarities in the 4 Early Civs
    • Religion –
    • Polytheism
    • Based on forms of sacrifice and rituals
    • Social classes –
    • Small group of people in upper class, large numbers in lower classes.
    • Warriors and priests were the top class – government workers and merchants sometimes formed a small “middle class”
  • Similarities in the 4 Early Civs
    • By 1000 bce, the four civilizations were in decline.
  • Classical Civilizations of China, India, & the Mediterranean About 1000 BCE to about 500 CE
  • Classical India
  • China under the Han Dynasty
  • Greek City-States
  • Roman Empire
  •  
  • Remember that the classical civilizations . . .
    • built on achievements of earlier societies and civs.
    • China – many of the characteristics and institutions of the Shang period continued into the classical period. (Chinese culture continued!)
    • Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Indus Valley had some influence on elements of later civilizations.
    • However, there was much less of a direct influence on the later civilizations of Eurasia.
    • So, classical civs were not simple continuations of earlier civilizations.
  • Classical Civilizations
    • Were characterized by expansion and integration
  • EXPANSION (how they spread)
    • Military Conquest
    • Population growth
    • Migration and cultural diffusion
  • INTEGRATION (how they brought people “together”)
    • The governments and their bureaucracies reached out to rule and administer territories.
    • Internal trade systems.
    • Culture (beliefs, religions, ethics) drew people together.
  • INTERACTION between the Classical Civilizations?
    • There were connections by long-distance trade.
    • There was some cultural interaction between the Mediterranean and India.
    • But developments within each civilization, more than contacts between, marked this period of history.
  • Focus for AP WORLD History
    • Major political developments
    • Social and gender structures
    • Major trading patterns within the civilizations and between the civilizations
    • Arts, sciences, and technology
    • Development of traditions and institutions