509 B.C. Rome becomes a republic . 264 B.C. The First Punic War with Carthage begins . 218 B.C. In the Second Punic War, Hannibal invades Italy . 44 B.C. Conspirators kill Julius Caesar . A.D. 284 Diocletian, who will divide the Roman Empire, becomes emperor. A.D. 476 Western Roman Empire falls with the ouster of the last emperor, Romulus Augustulus . 500 B.C.
If someone is called to go to court, he is to go. If he doesn't go, a witness should be called. Only then should he be captured. If he shirks or flees, he should be captured. If illness or old age is an impediment, let him be given a carriage. If he doesn't want it, it should not be covered.
An obviously deformed child must be put to death.
If a father sells his son into slavery three times, the son shall be free of his father.
If a person dies intestate without heirs, the nearest male kinsman shall inherit. If there is no near male kinsmen, his clansmen shall inherit.
If one has maimed another and does not buy his peace, let there be retaliation in kind.