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2010 intro to africa

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Transcript

  • 1. AFRICAN History Introduction
  • 2. Early History of AFRICA
    • Each region in Africa evolved differently, based on the region’s geography and climate as well as its interaction with other peoples.
  • 3.  
  • 4. Bantu Migration
    • From West Africa, groups of Bantu-speaking people migrated southward and eastward. (1000s bce to the 500s ce)
  • 5. Bantu Migration
  • 6. Bantu Migration
    • As they moved, population increased and cultural diffusion and mixing forever altered Africa.
    • (In some ways these migrations were like the Westward Expansion of European-Americans)
  • 7. What caused sub-Saharan Africa (and the Americas) to develop more slowly than Eurasia ?
    • Lack of domesticable grains
    • Lack of domesticable animals
    • relative isolation by geography (the Sahara desert & Atlantic Ocean winds).
    • Limited momentum in the development of metals and technology.
  • 8.  
  • 9. There were some early connections
    • N Africa was connected to the Mediterranean world. Which civs?
    • East Coast Africa was connected to Indian Ocean trade. Which civs?
  • 10.  
  • 11. Connections
    • The introduction of the camel & improved ship building, technology, & navigation techniques increasingly “opened up” sub-Saharan Africa.
    • Trade in slaves, gold, salt, ivory, and animal skins was helped build the connections.
  • 12. Gold – Salt Trade of West Africa
  • 13. East African Trade
  • 14.  
  • 15. OUTSIDE INFLUENCES
    • From the 700s to 1300s ce, Arab and Islamic culture was the biggest outside influence in Africa
    • Much later, from the 1300s to 1900s, European (and later US) and Christian culture was the biggest influence in Africa.
  • 16. Historians’ interpretation of Africa
    • The history of Africa has been written mostly from the point of view of “outsiders” who came into the region after the 700s ce.
  • 17. Why?
    • Oral tradition of African societies left no written records.
  • 18. What caused the “histories” of Africa to be incomplete, biased, or simply wrong?
    • Many artifacts were destroyed by treasure hunters or biased outsiders.
    • The racism by Europeans, Arabs, and others influenced the interpretation of history
  • 19.