2010 intro to africa

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2010 intro to africa

  1. 1. AFRICAN History Introduction
  2. 2. Early History of AFRICA <ul><li>Each region in Africa evolved differently, based on the region’s geography and climate as well as its interaction with other peoples. </li></ul>
  3. 4. Bantu Migration <ul><li>From West Africa, groups of Bantu-speaking people migrated southward and eastward. (1000s bce to the 500s ce) </li></ul>
  4. 5. Bantu Migration
  5. 6. Bantu Migration <ul><li>As they moved, population increased and cultural diffusion and mixing forever altered Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>(In some ways these migrations were like the Westward Expansion of European-Americans) </li></ul>
  6. 7. What caused sub-Saharan Africa (and the Americas) to develop more slowly than Eurasia ? <ul><li>Lack of domesticable grains </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of domesticable animals </li></ul><ul><li>relative isolation by geography (the Sahara desert & Atlantic Ocean winds). </li></ul><ul><li>Limited momentum in the development of metals and technology. </li></ul>
  7. 9. There were some early connections <ul><li>N Africa was connected to the Mediterranean world. Which civs? </li></ul><ul><li>East Coast Africa was connected to Indian Ocean trade. Which civs? </li></ul>
  8. 11. Connections <ul><li>The introduction of the camel & improved ship building, technology, & navigation techniques increasingly “opened up” sub-Saharan Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>Trade in slaves, gold, salt, ivory, and animal skins was helped build the connections. </li></ul>
  9. 12. Gold – Salt Trade of West Africa
  10. 13. East African Trade
  11. 15. OUTSIDE INFLUENCES <ul><li>From the 700s to 1300s ce, Arab and Islamic culture was the biggest outside influence in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Much later, from the 1300s to 1900s, European (and later US) and Christian culture was the biggest influence in Africa. </li></ul>
  12. 16. Historians’ interpretation of Africa <ul><li>The history of Africa has been written mostly from the point of view of “outsiders” who came into the region after the 700s ce. </li></ul>
  13. 17. Why? <ul><li>Oral tradition of African societies left no written records. </li></ul>
  14. 18. What caused the “histories” of Africa to be incomplete, biased, or simply wrong? <ul><li>Many artifacts were destroyed by treasure hunters or biased outsiders. </li></ul><ul><li>The racism by Europeans, Arabs, and others influenced the interpretation of history </li></ul>

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