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Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
Overview of protective textiles
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Overview of protective textiles

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  • 1. AN OVERVIEW OF PROTECTIVE TEXTILES
  • 2. • OVER THE LAST FEW YEARS NEW TERMS SUCH AS TECHNICAL TEXTILES, HIGHPERFORMANCE TEXTILES, ENGINEERED TEXTILES, HIGH-TECH.TEXTILES, FUNCTIONAL TEXTILES HAVE EMERGED .• BUT THEY ARE TEXTILES NOW UNDER A RESPECTABLE WORD TECHNICAL TEXTILES• USE OF TEXTILES, DATES BACK TO EARLY EGYPTIANS AND CHINESE - USED TO USE PAPYRUS MATS TO REINFORCE FOUNDATIONS RESPECTIVELY OF THE PYRAMIDS AND BUDDHIST TEMPLES.
  • 3. SILK USED AS WOUND DRESSSIGN BY THE WARRIORS OF THEMONGOLIAN ,CHINESE AND EGYPTIANS ARMIES , ROMAN USEDTO STABILISE MARSHY GROUND FOR ROAD BUILDING .TECHNICAL TEXTILES ARE THE FASTEST GROWING BRANCH OFTEXTILE INDUSTRY WORLD-WIDE THIS GROWTH IS PRIMARILYDUE TO ADVANCEMENTS IN THE FIELDS OF NEW FIBRES, YARNS,FABRICS, COATING MATERIALS AND MORE IMPORTANTLY THEPROCESSES INCLUDING THE MACHINERY.THIS PRESENTATION WILL FOCUS PRIMARILY ON PROTECTIVE TEXITLES
  • 4. LAWS ON HEALTH AND SAFETY AT WORK ARE BECOMING MORESTRINGENT IN DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.TO IDENTIFY RISKS AND HAZARDS IN THE WORKPLACE AND SEEKOUT NECESSARY PROTECTIVE MEASURES IS EMPLOYER’SRESPONSIBILITY / IF NOT HUGE COMPENSATIONS ARE INVOLVED.Following table reflects the end-use consumption of protectivetextile in different regions of the world ..Region End- use consumption 2,000, (000)America 91.3Europe 78.2Asia 61.3Rest of world 7.2
  • 5. • EUROPE ALONE PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND GLOVES MARKET THIS• IN EUROPE ALONE PROTECTIVE CLOTING MARKET• WILL GENERATE ALMOST EURO 3 BILLON / YEAR IN SALES REVENUE COMPARED WITH LESS THAN EURO 2.5 BILLION IN 2003, REPRESENTING ABOUT 61.8 % OF THEIR SHARE MARKET.• UNTIL THE YEAR 2010 A TOTAL AVERAGE INCREASE OF 4 % OF MATERIAL CONSUMPTION FOR THE PRODUCTION OF PROTECTIVE TEXTILES IS EXPECTED.• FORECAST FOR AREAS OUTSIDE WESTERN AND CENTRAL EUROPE AND THE USA, A TOTAL INCREASE OF 10 % IS PREDICTED MARKET POTENTIAL FOR GENERAL FLAME-RESISTANCE PROTECTIVE APPAREL IN US $1.84 BILLION A YEAR AND THIS FIGURE IS EXPECTED TO REACH US $ 2.66 BILLION BY 2012 SO, SUCH IS THE POTENTIAL FOR THE PROTECTIVE TEXTILE IN THE YEARS TO COME••
  • 6. OUT OF THE TOTAL OF 227 WEST EUROPEAN COMPANIES,PROTECTIVE HEADGEAR, CLOTHING, SAFETY, GLOVES ANDFOOTWEAR, ARE USED BY 83 % OF THEM. FOR CLOTHING AND GLOVES ONLY, THE FIGURE RISES TOALMOST 95 %, WHICH INDICATE THE REQUIREMENT OF THESETWO COMMODITIES. THE PATTERN OF PROTECTIVE CLOTHING USAGE DIFFERS WITH THE INDUSTRY CONCERNED. FOR EXAMPLE PETROCHEMICAL COMPANIES TEND TO HAVE LARGE NUMBERS OF EMPLOYEES USING PROTECTIVE CLOTHING ON THE OTHER HAND CHEMICAL INDUSTRY HAS A FEWER USERS OF SUCH CLOTHING
  • 7. INFORMATION IN TABLE 3 PRESENTS THE NUMBER OF NEWPRODUCTS DEVELOPED BY DIFFERENT COMPANIES INDIFFERENT SECTORS OF TECHNICAL TEXTILES IN A GIVENPERIOD OF 10 YEARS AND AS REPORTED IN THE JOURNALTECHNICAL TEXTILES INTERNATIONAL IN UK FEW YEARSAGO.AS CAN BE SEEN FROM THE TABLE , OF THE 245 PRODUCTSDEVELOPED, 84 FOUND THEIR APPLICATION FOR SAFETYAND PROTECTION WELFARE OF PEOPLE WHETHERWORKING IN ANY MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY OROTHERWISE USING ANY PUBLIC UTILITIES
  • 8. •SAFETY AND PROTECTIVE TEXTILES ARE DESIGNED TO PROTECTPEOPLE WORKING IN THE INDUSTRY FROM ONE OR MORE OF THEFOLLOWING HAZARDS : EXTREME HEAT AND FIRE EXTREME COLD HARMFUL CHEMICALS AND GASES BACTERIAL / VIRAL ENVIRONMENT CONTAMINATION MECHANICAL HAZARDS ELECTRICAL HAZARDS RADIATION
  • 9. PROTECTIVE TEXTILES IN NON MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES• MILITARY & POLICE FORCE, TRANSPORT, IN MEDICAL,• SECURITY GUARDS CLIMBING, SKIING,• SUBMARINERS, WATER SPORTS, OFFSHORE• FOUNDRIES AND, WINTER SPORTS, COAL• GLASS WORKERS HEALTH CARE, SPORTS• RACING DRIVERS, ASTRANAUGHTS, MINING,• FISHING AND DIVING, COLD STORAGE WORKERS• OIL AND GAS RIG WORKERS, CONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRY
  • 10. FIRE / HEAT RESISTANCE PROTECTIVE TEXITLES· FLAME RESISTANCE IN FABRICS IS ACHIEVED USING FLAME RESISTANT MATERIALS AND FIBRES, SUCH AS· NOMEX, KEVLAR, GLASS,· POLYESTER, POLYAMIDE,· CARBON PROPANE TREATED COTTON, MODACRYLIC, POLYPROPYLENEALUMINIZED FABRICS HAVE BEEN SPECIFICALLY DEVELOPED TO ENHANCE HUMANPERFORMANCE.( FIGHER FIGHTERS )OTHER APPLICATIONS WHERE ALUMINIZED FABRICS ARE BEING USED ARE WHENWORKING WITH MOLTEN METAL / HIGH- PRESSURE STEAM.A TYPICAL FIRE FIGHTER’S GEAR INCLUDES:Ø COAT, PANTS, UNDERWEAR, HELMET,Ø BOOTS, GLOVES, STATION WEARS UNIFORM,
  • 11. THE CLOTHING IS MADE OF 3 LAYERS1. 1 THE OUTER LAYER-, WHICH IS HEAT, FLAME AND ABRASION RESISTANT AND MUST BE SUITABLE FOR WET, DRY, HOT AND COLD CONDITIONS AND IS COMMONLY MADE FROM KEVLAR AND NOMEX. 2 THE MOISTURE BARRIER TO KEEP THE FIRE FIGHTER DRY AND THE MATERIAL MUST PREVENT WATER PENETRATION. •3. 3 THE THERMAL BARRIER PROVIDES THE MAIN PROTECTION AGAINST HEAT. USE OF 3D STRUCTURES IN DESIGNING OF THE FIRE-FIGHTER’S CLOTHING : 1 DECREASE THE WEIGHT 2 IMPROVES THE ERGONOMICS, 3 MAINTAIN THE PROTECTION 4 INCREASE THE AMOUNT OF AIR TRAPPED WITHIN CLOTH
  • 12. THE CLOTHING IS MADE OF 3 LAYERS
  • 13. ADAPTIVE MATERIALS SUCH AS PHASE CHANGING MATERIAL (PCM ) AND SHAPE MEMORY ALLOYS (SPA) ALSO ENABLE THERMAL PROTECTION. THE ADOPTIVE MATERIAL ABSORBS PART OF THETHERMAL ENERGY DURING THE PHASE CHANGING OR INCREASES THE THICKNESS OF THE CLOTHING.
  • 14. PROTECTION AGAINST COLDTO SURVIVE AND OPERATE IN TEMPERATURE BELOW – 30 DEGREE C.USUALLY MULTILAYERED, CONSISTING OF :A NON-ABSORBANT INNER LAYER ,B MIDDLE INSUSLATING LAYER CAPABLE OF TRAPPING AIR BUT TRANSFERRING MOISTUREC AN OUTER LAYER THAT IS IMPERMEABLE TO WIND AND WATERTEMPERATURE ADAPTABLE CLOTHING THAT CAN PROTECT FROMBOTH HEAT AND COLD HAS BEEN DEVELOPED BY FIXINGPOLYETHYLENE GLYCOL TO COTTON AT DIFFERENT TEMPERATURES
  • 15. FLYING AND SURVIVAL SUIT ON SEA FOR THE MARINE DEVELOPED AT THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR TEXTILE AND LEATHER, ROMANIA, THE SUIT REDUCESTHE RISK OF DROWNING OR HYPOTHERMIA DEATH, IN CASE THE AIRCRAFT IS DAMAGED AND DESTROYED.MADE OF HIGH PERFORMANCE MATERIALS AND IT PROTECT THE BODY AGAINSTHYPOTHERMIA IN COLD WATER WITH TEMPERATURES BETWEEN 0 - 5°CF OR 6HOURS AS WELL AS REDUCES THE RISK OF DROWNINGENSURES THAT THE PILOT IS FLOATING FOR 12 HOURSENSURES PILOT UNDERWATER BREATHING FOR 3 MINUTES.INCREASES THE POSSIBILITY OF SPOTTING AND RESCUING THE PILOT
  • 16. FLYING AND SURVIVAL SUIT ON SEA FOR THE MARINE
  • 17. THE PARTS OF THE SUIT ARE : A THE WATERPROOF SUIT : MADE UP OF 3 LAYERS 1 THE OUTER NOMEX FABRIC, 2 INNER KNIT AND 3 A MEMBRANE IN THE MIDDLE B A THERMAL INSULATED LINING, : IT IS MADE OF 3 LAYERS. C THE OUTSIDE AND THE INSIDE LAYER ARE OF VISCOSE FR 100% AND D THE MIDDLE ONE IS KERMEL 100% NONWOVEN E WATER PROOF HOOD AND GLOVES, : THESE ARE MADE OF NEOPRENE FOAM COATED WITH LYCRA KNIT.F WAISTE COAT WITH A PNEUMATIC CUSHION : IS MADE OF 50 % KERMEL AND50%VISCOSE FR FABRIC.·
  • 18. NEW PRODUCT CLIMA FIBER FROM SMART FIBER AG GERMANYDEVELOPED A NEW TEMPERATURE REGULATING“CLIMA FIBER” .THIS PHASE CHANGING ( PCM) MICRO-COMPOSITE MATERIAL HAS A VERYINTERESTING· THERMO-REGULATING FEATURES OF ABSORBING THE EXCESSIVE BODY HEATAND· IF REQUIRED TO DISPENSE IT AGAIN TO THE BODY.· THUS A MICRO CLIMATE CAN BE CREATED BETWEEN THE SKIN AND THETEXTILE,· WHICH AVOIDS VARIATION IN TEMPERATURE FOR THE USERS.· THE TEMPERATURES ARE ALWAYS ON THE SAME LEVEL WHETHER UNDER THEQUILTS, IN SLEEPING BAGS AND IN CLOTHINGS.VIA A DIRECT PATENTED SPINNING PROCESS, PARAFFIN IS EMBEDDED IN THISHIGHLY CRYSTALLINE AND TEAR-RESISTANCE FIBER.· THE INNOVATIVE FIBERS CAN BE USED IN PRODUCTS TO PROTECT FROM THECOLD AND FEEL COMFORTABLE· IT CAN BE USED ALSO FOR OUTERWEAR, SOCKS, UNDERWEAR AND SHOES TOBEDCLOTHES AND SLEEPING BAGS.COMFORTABLE ALL THE TIME.
  • 19. CHEMICAL & BIOLOGICAL PROTECTIVE TEXITLES PROTECT THE HUMAN BODY FROM DIRECT CONTACT WITH HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS• FARMERS FROM INSECTICIDES,•· TRUCK DRIVERS FROM TOXICS/ FLAMMABLE MATERIALS DURING THEIR• TRANSPORTATION ETC,•· FIRE FIGHTERS FROM HANDLING CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES,• MILITARY PERSONALS FROM BIOLOGICAL HAZARDS WHICH COMMONLY ARE BACTERIA, VIRUSES OR• TOXINS THAT EXIST AS VERY FINE AIR OR LIQUID –BORNE PARTICLES.• TOXIC CHEMICALS MICRO ORGANISM TOXINS•· NERVOUS SYSTEM, CAUSE PNEUMONIA FOOD POISONING•· EYES, IRREGULAR FEVER• LUNGS, INCAPACITATING EFFECTS•· SKIN AFFECTS NERVOUS SYSTEM•· NOSE,•· THROAT, CAUSE HEAD ACHE ,NAUSEA ,VOMITING
  • 20. CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL PROTECTIVE TEXTILES EXAMPLES OF CHEMICALS HANDLING WHICH CAN RESULT IN DIRECT EXPOSURE TO TOXIC CHEMICALS ARE: EMERGENCY CHEMICAL RESPONSE DURING MANUFACTURE OF SHIPMENT HANDLING OF CHEMICAL WASTE ACID BATHS AND OTHER TREATMENTS IN ELECTRONICS MANUFACTURE EQUIPMENT LEAKS OR FAILURES HANDLING OF LIQUID CHEMICALS DURING MANUFACTURE APPLICATION OF PESTICIDES AND OTHER AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS.A TYPICAL CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL PROTECTIVE TEXTILE CONSISTS OF THREE MAIN COMPONENTS: · A TEXTILE OUTER LAYER, WHICH CAN BE NON-WOVEN OR WOVEN · AN INNER LAYER OF PROTECTIVE MATERIAL · AND A TEXTILE LINER FABRIC. THE THREE COMPONENTS ARE DESIGNED TO WORK IN HARMONY WITH EACH OTHER
  • 21. TYPES OF CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL PROTECTIVE MATERIALS 4 TYPES OF PROTECTIVE MATERIALS WITH THEIR DIFFERENT CAPABILITIES. 1. AIR- PERMEABLE MATERIALS•· CONSISTS OF WOVEN SHELL FABRIC, COATED WITH FLUORO-POLYER COATINGS TO• PROVIDE LIQUID REPELLENCY•· LAYER OF SPORTIVE MATERIAL SUCH AS ACTIVATED CARBON IMPREGNATED FOAM• OR CARBON LOADED NON WOVEN FELT•· AND A LINER FABRIC 2 SEMI PERMEABLE MATERIALS TWO DIFFERENT TYPES OF MEMBRANES ARE USED, A POROUS AND· B SOLUTIONS-DIFFUSION MEMBRANES TO ALLOWS PROTECTION FROM THE GAS.
  • 22. 3 SELECTIVELY PERMEABLE MATERIALS ( SPMS):· MULTI-LAYER COMPOSITE POLYMER : ARE THIN, LIGHT WEIGHT, AND FLEXIBLE PROTECTIVE BARRIER TO CHEMICAL· DON’T NEED THE LAYER OF ANY HEAVY SPORTIVE MATERIAL;· MOISTURE VAPOUR FROM THE BODY TO ESCAPE THROUGH THE PROTECTIVE CLOTHING4. IMPERMEABLE MATERIALSSOME EXAMPLES OF THESE MATERIALS AREBUTYL, NEOPRENE AND SOME ELASTOMERSARE EFFECTIVELY USED FOR PROTECTION FROM WARFARE AGENTS
  • 23. TO PROVIDE CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL PROTECTIONA PET FABRIC WAS LAMINATED WITH MODIFIED PTFE MEMBRANE ANDTHEN COATED BY PU SOLUTION IN A DIRECT PROCESS. FINALLY, IT WASLAMINATED WITH ACTIVE CARBON FELT.BIOLOGICAL PROTECTION TESTS WERE CARRIED OUT USINGPOLIOMYELITIS (MUSTARD LIQUID) AT BOTH ATMOSPHERIC ANDNEGATIVE PRESSURES.IT WAS FOUND THAT THE PROTECTIVE MATERIAL DEVELOPED,SUCCESSFULLYPREVENTED MUSTARD LIQUID AND BIOLOGICAL WARFARE AGENTS FROMPERMEATING THROUGH THE LAMINATE
  • 24. PARTICULATE PROTECTIVE TEXTILES DESIGNED TO WEAR DURING ASBESTOS REMOVALTE XTILES PRODUCED BY SPUN BONDED / MELT BLOWN OLEFINS/ CELLULOSE FABRIC REINFORCED WITH PLASTIC SCRIM· THESE MATERIALS OFFER STRENGTH / DURABILITY / BREATHABILITY· USE CELLULOSE FABRIC REINFORCED WITH PLASTIC SCRIM ETC THE MELTBLOWN POLYPROPYLENE IS HEAT BONDED BETWEEN TWO LAYERS OFSPUN BONDED POLYPROPYLENE· THE OUTER LAYER GIVES STRENGTH AND· THE INNER LAYER PROVIDE BARRIER PROTECTION. IT HAS GOOD WHICH MAKES IT EXCELLENT FOR CLOSED AREAS.· BREATABILITY
  • 25. USE OF PILE FABRICS FOR PROTECTIVE CLOTHING’S RESEARCH CARRIED OUT IN GERMANY PILE FABRICS ( CORDUROY ) WHEN COATED WITH RIGHT TECHNOLOGY OFFER MUCH BETTER : RESISTANCE TO CHEMICALS, HEAT INSULATION, WATER PERMEABILITY AND FIRE RESISTANCE. •APPLICATIONS IN : AUTOMOTIVE SECTOR OR THE INTERIOR FOR INSULATION OF FLOOR OR· FOR HEAT AND SOUND INSULATION,· AS PROTECTIVE CLOTHING FOR FIRE FIGHTERS,· THE ARMY, POLICE AND RACE DRIVERS. PILE FABRICS LAMINATED WITH HOT MELT ADHESIVE FILMS AND ONE-SIDED ALUMINIUM FOIL OFFERS· GOOD PROTECTION AGAINST RADIANT HEAT AND ELECTRICAL FIELDS.
  • 26. RESISTANCE AGAINST CHEMICAL AND FLAMMABILITY BY COATING 100 % COTTON CORDUROY PILE- FABRIC WAS · COATED ( PILE –SIDE) WITH SILICON, · POLYURETHANE AND DISPERSIONBY LAMINATINGPILE FABRICS, LAMINATED WITH HOT MELT ADHESIVE FILMS WITH PRIMARYPRODUCTS OF· COPOLYESTER,· POLYURETHANE AND· POLYETHYLENE WERE USED.SP ECIAL PROPERTIES WERE REALISED WITH LAMINATES WITH ALUMINIUM FOIL,LAMINATED ONE SIDE OF THE PILE FABRIC IN ORDER TO CREATE SHIELDING ELECTROMAGNETIC POLLUTION.
  • 27. CHEMICAL PROTECTIVE TEXTILES INVOLVING LIQUID AND GASFABRICS FOR THE BODY PROTECTION ARE DESIGNED BY COATING OR LAMINATING SPECIAL FILMS. NORMALLY THEY ARE MULTI - LAYER STRUCTURES CONTAINING: · LOW-DENSITY POLYETHYLENE AS OUTER LAYER, · SARAN – SECOND LAYER, · ETHYLENE VINYL ACETATE COPOLYMER –THIRD LAYER · AND TYVEK -INNER LAYER. VARIOUS NYLON, COTTON, OR POLYESTER FABRICS COATED WITH BUTYL ,PVC AND NEOPRENE ALSO OFFER GOOD BARRIER PROPERTIES AGAINST LIQUID AND GAS,
  • 28. PROTECTIVE TEXITLES AGAINST RADIATON DESIGNED TO PROTECT PEOPLE WORKING IN: NUCLEAR PLANTS, X-RAY DEPARTMENTS IN THE MEDICAL FIELDS PEOPLE WORKING IN SUCH ENVIRONMENT MUST BE PROTECTED FROM THE DUST CONTAINING RADIOACTIVE ELEMENTS.AMONGST THE OTHER RISK, NEW RESEARCH IN WHICH 1200 WOMEN TOOK PART SUGGEST THAT : PREGNANT WOMEN WHO PERFORMED MORE THAN 5 X-RAYS A WEEK HAD AROUND AN 80 % INCREASED RISK OF MISCARRIAGETHE OVERALL CRUDE RISK OF MISCARRIAGE WAS 16 %.PROTECTION FROM TRANSMITTED RADIATION IS SHIELDED BY PLACING A HEAVYRADIATION BARRIER AS LEAD BETWEEN THE RADIOACTIVE DIRT AND THE WORKER.
  • 29. PROTECTIVE TEXITLES AGAINST RADIATONS NEW PRODUCT DEMRON DEVELOPED BY LAMINATING A POLYMER FILM BETWEEN A WOVEN AND NOWOVEN FABRIC. THE POLYMER IS A COMPOSITE OF · POLYURETHANE AND · POLYVINYCHLORIDE THAT BLOCK X-RAYS, LOW ENERGY GAMMA, AND ALPHA AND BETA EMISSIONS PR OTECTIVE CLOTHINGS FOR RADIATION INCLUDES:· COVERALLS,· HEAD COVERS,· HOODS,· GLOVES,· SHOE COVERS,· LAB COATS,
  • 30. ELECTRICAL PROTECTIVE CLOTHING ELECTRICAL HAZARDS INCLUDE ELECTROMAGNETIC PROTECTION AND ELECTROSTATIC PROTECTION. PROTECTION AGAINST ELECTROMAGNETIC PROTECTIONPEOPLE WORKING CLOSE TO POWER LINES, AND HIGH VOLTAGE ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT ARE EXPOSED TO ELECTRIC SHOCKS AND ACUTE FLAMMABILITY HAZARDS. THE EFFECT OF ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION CAN RANGE FROM HEADACHES, INSOMNIA, CONCENTRATION LEUKAEMIA AND CATARACTS
  • 31. ELECTRICAL PROTECTIVE CLOTHING PROTECTION FROM THESE HAZARDS INCORPORATE USE OF ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVE MATERIALS SUCH · CARBON, METAL, · SYNTHETIC FIBRES · WITH CARBON CORE AND CONDUCTIVE POLYMER FIBRES A TYPICAL PROTECTIVE FABRIC IS WOVEN: · FROM A MIXTURE OF FIRE RETARDANT TEXTILE FIBRES · AND STAINLESS STEEL FIBERS.OTHER TECHNIQUES ARE TO APPLY· A CONDUCTIVE FINISH· COATING OR· LAMINATE THE FABRIC TO CONDUCTIVE POLYMER FILMS.
  • 32. NEW PRODUCT TO PROTECT AGAINST ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATIONTWO UNIQUE YARN PRODUCTS HAVE BEEN DEVELOPED IN GERMANY ZIMSI-EBLOCKER AND ZIMSI- ECONNECT THE ZIMSI –EBLOCKER AS A PROTECTIVE TEXTILE IS A COMBINATION OF : A. TEXTILE CORE; B. CONDUCTIVE INNER TWIST AND A. TEXTILE OUTER TWIST THESE PARTS HAVE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS I.E FLEXIBILITY, CONDUCTIVITY. THE HIGH PROTECTION IS REACHED THROUGH THE RIBBON -LIKE DISTRIBUTION OF THE METALLIC YARN IN THE MATERIAL . THE PROTECTIVE TEXTILE IS BREATHABLE AND WASHABLE TO 60 DEGREE C.
  • 33. NEW PRODUCT TO PROTECT AGAINST ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION
  • 34. NEW PRODUCT TO PROTECT AGAINST ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION COULD BE THE OPERATIONAL AREAS OF THE DEVELOPMENT : ELECTRO SENSITIVE CLOTHING, HOME TEXTILES PROFESSIONAL CLOTHING: RADAR TECHNICIANS, MEDICAL PERSONNEL TECHNICAL TEXTILE, WHICH PROTECT ELECTRO SENSITIVE DEVICE ZIMSI- ECONNECTIT IS FLEXIBLE, ELECTRICITY CONDUCTING HIGH-TECH THREAD AND IS A COMBINATION OF · A FLEXIBLE CORE, · A CONDUCTIVE INNER TWIST AND A · TEXTILE OUTER TWIST.OPERATIONAL AREAS ARE ALMOST THE SAME AS FOR ZIMSI-EBLOCKER PROTECTIVE TEXTILE
  • 35. PROTECTIVE TEXTILES FOR THE CLEAN ROOM ELECTRONICS AND PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRIES ) CLEAN ROOM TEXTILES PROTECTTHE ENVIRONMENT FROM CONTAMINATION FROM THE WEARER. CONTAMINATION CAN BE CAUSED BY · HUMAN BODY WHICH SHEDS ONE BILLION SKIN CELLS EVERY DAY · BY THE CLOTHING’S WHICH CAN ALSO CARRY A GOOD AMOUNT OF DUST, · HAIR, TEXTILE LINT, · COSMETICS, PERFUME, · TOBACCO SMOKEALL OF WHICH CAN CONTAMINATE THE PRODUCTS AND THE HIGH-TECH PRODUCTION METHODS. APPLICATION OF CLEAN ROOM TEXTILES ARE IN THE INDUSTRIES SUCH AS: · INTEGRATED CIRCUIT, ELECTRONIC ASSEMBLY · DISC DRIVE, OPTICS, PHARMACEUTICAL, FOOD , · AEROSPACE, AUTOMOTIVE ETC.
  • 36. PROTECTIVE TEXTILES FOR THE CLEAN ROOM PROTECTIVE FABRICS PRODUCED FROM :· WOVEN FABRICS , USING CONDUCTIVE YARNS SUCH AS CARBON, NICKEL AND ALUMINIUM · NON- WOVEN (SPUNBOND /MELTBLOWN / HEAT FUSED PP LAMINATE), · COATED AND LAMINATE FABRICS CONTAINING PARTICLES AS SMALL AS 0.2 MICRONS MADE FROM CONTINUOUS MULTIFILAMENT YARNS. THE GARMENTS ARE STERILIZED THROUGH GAMMA RADIATION. AND ALSO PREVENT SPARKS IN FLAME ENVIRONMENT
  • 37. PROTECTIVE TEXTILES FOR THE CLEAN ROOM
  • 38. NEW CONDUCTIVE FIBER FROM JAPANKURARAY FROM DEVELOPED A NEW COATED POLYESTER PROCESSED YARN CANA-AN FOR PREVENTION OF STATIC CHARGE.PRODUCED BY COATING CARBON NANO TUBE ON MULTIFILAMENT ROCESSED YARN,THE NEW TECHNOLOGY CAN BE APPLIED NOT ONLY TO POLYESTER WOVEN AND KNITTED FABRICS BUT TO OTHER FABRICS ALSO.
  • 39. PROTECTION AGAINST MOLTEN METALS WHEN WORKING AT FOUNDRIES WITH MOLTEN METALS SUCH AS IRON, STEEL, COPPER , TIN LEAD, ZINC, ETC THERE IS ALWAYS A THERMAL THREAT IN THE FORM OF METAL SPLASHES. SILICON COATING OFFER AN EXCELLENT PROTECTION AGAINST MECHANICAL. STRESSES A TYPICAL EXAMPLE IS SILICON-IMPREGNATED ARAMID FABRICS. SILICON-RUBBER COATING SEALS THE SURFACE OF ARAMID FABRIC.EVEN MOLTEN METALS AT EXTREME TEMPERATURES UP TO 1400 ° C SIMPLY ROLL OFF THE SURFACE LIKE WATER. MOLTEN METAL NO LONGER BURNS A HOLE IN THE TEXTILE
  • 40. THE PROTECTION AGAINST MOLTEN MAGNESIUM SPLASHES A NEW PRODUCT FROM GERMANY: USE OF MAGNESIUM MAKES WEIGHT REDUCTIONS BY UP TO 30 % POSSIBLE. IT IS IDEAL FOR ITS APPLICATION BY THE AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY. PRODUCT DEVELOPED USING SPECIAL BLENDS OF VISCOSE FR, POLYAMIDE AND THE MOLTEN ALUMINIUM. A FABRIC MODIFICATION WAS CARRIED OUTWITH AN ARAMID COMPONENT FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF THE FABRIC STABILITYRESULTS OF POURING TESTS SUGGESTED THAT FABRICS VISCOSE FR, POLYAMIDE AND WOOL WITH A GOOD DRIPPING EFFECT AGAINST MOLTEN ALUMINIUM AND MAGNESIUM SPLASHES COULD BE DEVELOPED.
  • 41. BALLISTIC PROTECTION BALLISTIC PROTECTION OF A SOLDIER INVOLVE PROTECTION OF THE BODY AND EYES AGAINST PROJECTILES WITH v VARIOUS SHAPE, SIZE AND IMPACT VELOCITY. THE PRINCIPLE OF THE BALLISTIC PROTECTION BY CLOTH IS TO DISSIPATE THEENERGY OF THE FRAGMENTS ETC THROUGH STRETCHING AND BREAKING THE YARNS IN THE MANY LAYERS OF HIGH PERFORMANCE WOVEN FABRICS. MOST WIDELY USED MATERIALS FOR BALLISTIC PROTECTION ARE : ARAMID SUCH AS KEVLAR TWARON DYNEMA ETC. THESE ARE BASED UPON POLY-PARABENZAMIDE OR POLY-PARAPHENYLENE TEREPHTHALAMIDE
  • 42. PROTECTION AGAINST GRAFFITI – A NEW RESEARCH PROTECTIVE TEXTILES ARE NOT ONLY PRODUCED TO PROTECT HUMANS. RECENTLY NEW PRODUCTS HAVE BEEN DEVELOPED TO PROTECT THE SURFACES OF TEXTILES AGAINST GRAFFITI. EVERY FORM OF GRAFFITI AND ITS REMOVAL IS CLOSELY CONNECTED WITH HIGH COSTS. THE TECHNOLOGY INVOLVED : COATING OF POLYESTER FILAMENT YARN CARRIER MATERIAL WITH POLYVINYL CHLORIDE (SOFT) AND· AN AQUEOUS DISPERSION OF POLYACRYLATE WITH INSERTED CERAMIC MICRO- HOLLOWWARE. THE DEVELOPED PRODUCTS OFFERED NEW APPROACH TO PROTECTION AGAINST PENETRATION OF SPRAY PAINT, PERMANENT MARKER AND BALL PEN INTO COATED TEXTILE SURFACES.
  • 43. PROTECTION AGAINST GRAFFITI – A NEW RESEARCH
  • 44. PROTECTION AGAINST GRAFFITI – A NEW RESEARCH
  • 45. PROTECTIVE TEXTILES FOR LIGHT PROTECTION FOR MUSEUMS IN MUSEUMS, SILK, PAPER AND COLOURS ARE AFFECTED BY DAMAGES CAUSED BY UV LIGHT. INTERESTING WORK HAS BEEN CARRIED OUT IN GERMANY: 1 IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF PROTECTIVE TEXTILES FOR USE IN THE MUSEUMS ROOMS 2 AS WELL AS FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE EXHIBITED ARTICLES AGAINST 3 ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION, ESPECIALLY UV LIGHT. COATING FFOR INDOOR LIGHT PROTECTION SYSTEMS, AN INDIRECT COATING OF OPEN-PORED TEXTILECONSTRUCTIONS (PARTICULARLY POLYESTER) WITH MODIFIED TRANSPARENT PASTES ON THE BASIS OF POLYURETHANE CAN REDUCE UV RADIATION UP TO 99 %. LAMINATION A ANOTHER APPLICATION TO ACHIEVE PROTECTION AGAINST UV RADIATION IS A COMPOUNDOFTEXTILE LAYER AND LIGHT PROTECTION FOILS. SELECTIVE FOILS WERE LAMINATED ON A COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE LIGHT PROTECTION FABRIC

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