Introduction to fashion elements, principles and illustration


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Introduction to fashion elements, principles and illustration

  1. 1. Introduction To FashionElements, Principles And Illustration… By G.S.Sivakumar Senior Lecturer Aravin Prince Periyasamy Lecturer Department of Garment technology S.S.M. Polytechnic College Komarapalayam
  2. 2. Definition of Fashion….• Fashion is a style and custom prevalent at a given time.• Fashion can be defined the ideal of beauty currently accepted by a given segment of the population.• Fashion is an art and it is a science. To be more precise, it is an artistic science and scientific art of learning to combine color, style, pattern and texture for the final effect, that is right for the time, place and the user.
  3. 3. Other Fashion Terms…Classic Styles that remain in fashion for yearsEg Blazer jacket Crew- neck Shetland sweatersFadA style or design that gains and loses its popularity within a brief period of time
  4. 4. Fashion Cycle Peak (culmination) Rise DeclineIntroduction Obsolescence
  5. 5. Haute Couture- Which is other wise know as Made-To- Measure , is predominantly designed and manufactured for a specific Client.- It is one of its kind, mostly made from High quality expensive fabric, sewn with extreme attention to detail and finish, often using time-consuming.
  6. 6. Mass MarketThe mass market caters to for a wide range of customers by producing ready to wear clothes in large quantities in standard sizes.Eg; Knitted casual wear
  7. 7.  Spring /Summer Autumn /Winter
  8. 8. Elements of fashion  Line  Shape {silhoute}  Texture  Color  Value
  9. 9. Line - Edge or outline of the garments - Divide the shape with in a garment
  10. 10. Line (contd…)Structural Lines: Formed when garments are constructedDecorative Lines: Applied lines including fabric design, trims, lace, etc.
  11. 11. Types Of Line In Garment • Vertical • Horizontal • Diagonal • Curved
  12. 12. Shape….  Tubular  Bell  Back fullness
  13. 13. Texture….How the surface of a material feels and looks. - Fiber -Yarn -Fabric structure -Finish -Processing techniques
  14. 14. Value… The Light and dark effect
  15. 15. ColorColor is the first thing that a customer notices about the garmentsColor choice1. Commercial color prediction2. Specific customer
  16. 16. Power of color….• Color can make us cheerful or depressed• It can be stimulating or relaxing• It can create a feeling of warm or cooling•• It plays tricks with size and distance
  17. 17. Illusion Created By ElementsBy Lines Vertical lines- increased height effects Horizontal lines- shorter the height effects Curved lines- rhythmic and feminine nature Diagonal lines- active and sportive illusion
  18. 18. Principles Of Design • Unity • Emphasis • Proportion • Balance • Rhythm
  19. 19. Unity All elements of a designs work together to produce a successful visual effect.
  20. 20. Emphasis Create a center of interest by focusing the attention of a viewer on a specific area of a garment.
  21. 21. Proportion- The relationship of various spaces to the whole shape
  22. 22. Balance The restful effect obtained by grouping shapes and color to maintain a feeling of equal attraction from side to side , front to back , top to bottom
  23. 23. Types Of Balance Formal balance –symmetry Design has equal elements on both sides Informal balance –asymmetry Design has varying elements and spaces on both sides
  24. 24. Rhythm Repeated use of lines or shapes to create a pattern Rhythm makes smoothness of eye movements
  25. 25. Structural designs It is a technique to decorate a garment by introduction of different structural details like pleats ,darts ,tucks, gathering etc.
  26. 26. Decorative Aspects It is a another technique to decorate a garment by adding extra materials such as, Laces Embroidery Printing Fabric painting Applique
  27. 27. Introduction of Pleats• Different types pleats are introduced to increase the surface enrichment.
  28. 28. Introduction of TucksDifferent types are introduced to increase the surface enrichment. Pin tucks Piped tucks Group tucks Shell tucks Cross tucks
  29. 29. Surface Enrichment By Quilting It is a process of producing raised surface by combining two or three pieces with quilting foot. Different shapes can be produced.
  30. 30. SURFACE ENRICHMENT BY SMOCKING This is a method to Sewing group of fabric together,Types of smocking, Back smocking, Vertical smocking, Counter change, Canadian smocking.
  31. 31. By Shirring It is also like smocking, here elastic threads are used for shirred effect.
  32. 32. By FoggotingIt is a method ofintroducing ropes orcords in zigzagmanner .
  33. 33. By Gathering.. It is a method of ruffling the fabric by means of hands or machines.
  35. 35. By Fancy Sewing threads Contrast colored , fancy sewing threads are used for garment constructions
  36. 36. SURFACE ENRICHMENT BY PRINTING Printing is a method of producing attractive designs on the fabric surface, by using colored pigments. Flock printing Sugar printing Fluorescent printing Glitter printing Embossing printing Plastizol printing
  38. 38. Plastizol print Burnout print
  39. 39. Transfer print
  40. 40. By Stones It is a surface designing technique, normally stones are attached on the garment by hot fixing and hand stitching methods.
  41. 41. By beads Different types of beads are available, there are plastic, wood, glass, metal, and etc..
  42. 42. BY FABRIC PAINTING Fabric painting is a traditional technique to produce realistic designs on to the surface with different color applications.
  43. 43. BY EMBROIDERYTypes of embroideries Computerized machine Hand embroidery embroidery Manual and machine
  44. 44. Types of embroidery stitches Back stitch Button hole stitch Chain stitch Lazy daisy stitch Straight stitch Stem stitch Cut and mirror works Cross stitch Satin stitch French and bullion knots
  45. 45. Surface enrichment by appliqué• Appliqué is a small motif design attached on the fabric surface by edge cover stitches
  46. 46. Buttons and Fasteners Shirt buttons Press buttons Shank buttons Metallic buttons Cloth buttons Wooden buttons Pearl buttons Fancy buttons (unusual shapes) Zippers Buckles Velcro tapes
  47. 47. Button ,Belts, Rings
  48. 48. By laces Different types and styles of laces are available in the market.
  49. 49. Types of Laces Nylon lace RicRac lace (zigzag lace) Beaded laces Ribbons (nylon, satin) Rope Gathered lace
  50. 50. By Sequien Sequien can be attached with designed manner or to the entire surface.
  51. 51. By mirror work Mirror pieces can be attached to the garments by adhesives, cover stitch and embroidery. Different shapes of mirror are available.
  52. 52. By Attaching Leather Pieces Different shape, colored, printed leather pieces are attached to the garment for surface enrichment
  53. 53. By zippers Different zippers are available-metal, nylon contrast color &different size zippers are used for surface enrichment
  54. 54. Thank you for your attention