Sport Coaching PedagogyBy Nurbolat Kuandyk U3066466
Contents Definition of disability Prevalence Background to Subject Importance to Study Coaching Disabled Athletes
Definition What is disability?Disability is defined as a physical, mental, or psychological condition that limits a person’s activities.People can either be bornwith a disability or theycan acquire it
Prevalence According to the GSS (General Social Surveys), in 2006, nearly 40% (6.1 million) of Australians aged 18 years and over had a disability or long-term health problem. Physical limitations were the most common form of disability (66% or 4 million), followed by sight, hearing or speech (35% or 2.1 million). Just over half of people with a disability (3.1 million) did not specify the type of disability.
Prevalence Participation in sport, by disability status and sex- 2002 and 2006 in Australia. Source: ABS data available on request, General Social Survey, 2002 and 2006.
Background to subject People with disability should be included in sports People with disability should not be discriminated People with disabilities are athletes too that have needs, drives and goals. Coaching them as well as any other athlete is a crucial part for their development.
Background to Subject There many organisations and associations in the world that provide facilities and support to disabled athletes. There are also many sporting events for disabled athletes to participate in such as Paralympics Games being the biggest. There are different sports for disabled athlete that they can play or compete in.
Background to SubjectExamples of sports: Wheelchair Basketball Wheelchair Rugby
Importance to studyAn example of discrimination towards disabled people:“Women with disabilities face double discrimination-- discrimination based on gender and discrimination based disability. Women of colour who are disabled face yet a third type of discrimination...The limited available statistics suggest that economically, socially, and psychologically, women with disabilities fare considerably worse than either women who are nondisabled or men who are disabled”. (Women and Disability Awareness Project, 1989).
Importance to StudySeigenthaler (1997) identified the benefits of leisure as: Enhanced well being Decreased stress levels Improved quality of life Improving social aspects Schleien, Ray & Green (1997) team sports benefit both disabled and abled athletes.
Importance to Study So, including and coaching disabled athletes is a great way to involve them in social and physical activities.
Barriers for participation in SportsPacirorek and Jones (1989) identified 4 barriers: Equipment Physical accessibility Program modifications Attitudes towards people with disabilities
Disability Sports Coach provide high quality sporting opportunities for people with disabilities throughout the UK. provide coaching, training, events, and community clubs to mainstream schools, special schools, clubs, charities & other professional organisations. supported and delivered to over 60,000 people with a variety of disabilities. worked with over 130 different organisations including, Sport England, NGB’s, Local Authorities and individual schools.http://disabilitysportscoach.co.uk/
Coaching Disabled athletes Having a good coach is crucial in development and improvement of any athlete. Working with disabled athletes, improves coaching skills and benefit the coach. As a coach it is important to treat your athletes equal whether disabled or not.
Coaching a disabled athlete It is important to have a positive first impression Introduce the athlete with a disability and create conditions for successful integration For participants with intellectual disabilities, coach should use developmentally appropriate activities
Coaching a disabled athlete For the coach it is important to know the disability or disabilities of the athlete they coach Coach should focus on athletes ability It is important for the coach to adapt the activities for disabled athlete Coach should establish good communication with disabled athlete, get to know the athlete better.
Coaching a disabled athlete It is important for the coach not to discriminate their athletesFor example: Thinking that an intellectually disabled athlete does not understand Sit down when talking to adisabled athlete on a wheelchair
Coaching a disabled athlete Coach should have in mind about transportation, accessibility and facilities they provide for the disabled athletes
Conclusion It is important to understand that people with disabilities should have equal opportunities and treatment as people without disabilities. In particular focusing in coaching and mentoring. Coaches should help disabled athletes to enjoy the activities they engage in as this will help the athlete to carry the love of sport for the rest of their life.