1. Target Level: Green Assignment 5:Film Study & Conventions In A Film By: Chelsea and Abigail
2. Target Level: Green• By choosing the green target we can achieve a grade C-B to accomplish this we will have to complete all categories in the yellow section and possibly the extension.The green target includes discussing: Genre Sub genre Hybrid Stam’s theory Mittel’s theory Fuerer’s theory Semantics Syntax Iconography & Tone At least 8 conventions and the analysis and each convention Dominant Ideology Audience Audience Theory
3. Genre exploration
4. Film of choice and reasoningWe chose ‘The Dark Knight’ because:• It is a good representation of the thriller genre.• We are both familiar with the film• We both felt we could talk a lot about this movie as it contains many conventions of the main genre and sub genres.
5. GenreThe Dark Knight falls under the genre of Thriller.As a thriller movie, it is aimed to thrill and excite the audience by putting them on the edge oftheir seats with fast paced action and hard core blasts of energy. Bat symbol in flames on the crumbling building signals the destruction of Dark colours, connotes society. secrets, metaphorical darkness and trouble.
6. SubgenreSub genres including in the ‘Dark Knight’: Mask and capes is seen as the costume for superheroes Superhero; the main character is the superhero of the film Joker breaks out of jail and steals police car Crime; film revolves around the actions of the criminal mastermind Joker is the reason behind most havoc in film for e.g. blowing up the hospitalAction; film includes typical action genre conventions such as explosions, fight scenesand car chases Fight scene Car explosion between batman with the film and joker and his henchmen
7. HybridsThe Dark Knight contains a range of hybrid genres, including:• Superhero Drama• Action-Superhero• Superhero Thriller “you either die a hero, or• Crime superhero drama you live long enough to see yourself become a Batman swooping villain”• Fantasy down over the city of Honk Kong• Action Thriller
8. Stam Theory Stam’s theory is that genre cannot be easily defined under the ‘main genre’s but under other ways. The Dark Knight can be classified other ways than under its main genre. For example its a high budget film, its a Christian Bale film and the plot of the film is borrowed from the comic series of Batman. Source: Wikipedia Christian Bale
9. Stam Theory: Added notes “Stam’s theory says that genre is not so easily defined under the ‘main genres’ but can be classified in other ways such as budget, Ethnicity focus or Performer based. ” Some audiences may be more attracted to a certain directors perception of a character and how they should be portrayed through film.Christopher Nolan hasdirected the Dark Knighttrilogy from 2005-2012. Hisstyle has an “emphasis on Tim burtonurban settings, men in suits directed the 1989and generally muted colours” Batman movie.(wikipedia) His style is typically quite dark, quirky and gothic.
10. Stam Theory: Added Notes The Batman character first appeared in a 1939 issue of the ‘Detective Comics’.The Batmanfranchise started in Batman was later madethe 1940’s with the into several moviesrelease of the including the latest ‘The‘Batman’ comics. Dark Knight Rises’. Batman was later made into a serial starring Lewis Wilson and Douglas Croft and a TV show in the 60’s starring Adam West as Batman and Burt Ward as Robin.
11. Stam Theory: continued The film contains an all-star cast of big Hollywood actors. Christian Bale, who has starred as Batman throughout the trilogy (Batman Begins, TheHeath Ledger Dark Knight and The(who died six Dark Knight Risesmonths beforethe movie was Michaelreleased) as Caine asThe Joker Alfred the butler Morgan Freeman as Lucius Fox
12. Mittel Theory ‘Mittel’s theory is that genre is used to sell products.’ It is easy to relate this theory to the film because we live in a society where superheroes are seen nearly everyday – maybe not in everyday life, but the products are all around us. ‘The Dark Knight’ The Dark Knight sells products as especially led to the the main creation of many character products including ‘batman’ is aimed children’s at the superhero toys, action fanatic. figures, clothing and of course DVDs/Blu-Recent superhero rays etc. of the filmcraze with moviessuch as ‘The DarkKnight Rises’, ‘TheAmazing Spiderman’and ‘The Avengers’gaining millions in thebox office, thusaccenting the returnof superheroes.
13. Fuerer TheoryFuerer’s theory that “genre is abstract and isn’t easily defined as everyone has different ideas, life experience etc therefore they interpret codes and conventions differently”• Fuerer’s theory can relate to The Dark Knight as some people may recognize the thriller elements within the film and agree that The Dark Knight is a thriller whereas other people within the audience such as children may see these elements as part of the horror genre as they have little knowledge of the different types of genres and they may find some of the characters within the film intimidating and gruesome so this is why they might class The Dark Knight under the horror category. Younger viewers may find characters like ‘Two face’ horrific and gruesome
14. Added notes“Fuerer’s theory is that genre is abstract, meaning that it is not easily defined because everyonehas different ideas, ideals, life experience, culture etc and therefore interpret codes andconventions differently. (what is recognisable and familiar to one, may not be recognisable orfamiliar to someone else in the same way). ”This theory can be related toThe Dark Knight becausewhere some people might seeit as another superherofilm, others might interpret itas being a crime drama, action-thriller, a comic bookadaptation or even a thrillerfantasy film. Some peoplemight even define it as a lightpsychological-action-drama-romantic-thriller.
15. SemanticsSemantics Evidence in film?Characters Hero (Batman), Villain (Joker), chief police officer (Lt. Gordon), Girlfriend/ love interest of hero (Rachel)Locations Set in Gotham City – a city riddled with crime and a constant battle between good and evil. • Streets of Gotham • A hospital (which is later blown up) • Warehouses, police stations, holding roomsStory Traits Death of a loved one, Revenge, Good vs Evil, Escalation of violenceCostumes Capes, Suits, Police outfits, MasksProps Guns, Knives, MasksRitual Death or imprisonment of the villain, Main character loses someone close to them,
16. SyntaxOverallmessage/purpose offilmWhen society has noleaders they becomeunethical anduncivilized Batman gives Lucius access to everyone is Passengers on both boats consider whether or Gotham’s mobile which not they should save themselves and blow upThere’s corruption the other ship or allow the other passengers towithin government do the same to them Joker disgusted himself as a police officer as no one realizedGood always wins overevil In the last scene batman captures the Joker
17. IconographyIconographyCostume Masks Capes police uniforms Suits facial disguisesSetting Big cities, i.e.. New York, San Francisco, London etc. The Dark Knight is set in the fictional city of ‘Gotham’Staging Prison cells Tall buildings Chaotic streets RooftopsStar/Celebrity Christian Bale, Heath Ledger, Morgan Freeman, Gary Oldman, Michael Caine (all: the Dark Knight) Others known for their roles in thrillers are: George Clooney, Liam Neeson and Robert DeNiro
18. Tone Only source of lighting The lack of lighting in this scene creates suspense and anticipation as the audience is unable see the full setting of the scene. Only the face of the characters is visible in this scene so that the audience can focus on the facial expressions of the characters.This escalating sound effect adds tension to the scenebecause as the tone gets more intense the audience learnsmore information about where the victims are.
19. Tone: extras Shallow focus: emphasis on the masked criminal in the fore groundClose up shot ofmask indicates it willplay an importantpart in this scene Establishing shot: shows us where the first scene in the movie is to take place.
20. Convention listConventions of Thriller Examples from range of Used, developed or challenged? real films1. Villain driven plot X-Men First Class, Kill Used- the Joker initiates the chaos that occurs Bill throughout the film as a result of his actions.2. Revenge Salt, Memento, Taken 2 Developed- the character out for revenge starts as an innocent character who is dragged into the fight between justice and evil. He is out avenge the death of his fiancé but dies at the end.3. Kidnapping Taken Used- The joker kidnaps and keeps innocent people hostage.4. Deaths of innocent people Used5. Explosions Used5. Involves a quest or mission Memento, Abduction, Used - Batman is the only one that can stop the Jokerthat only the main character The Girl With A Dragon from terrorising Gotham as the Joker will not stop untilcan solve/reveal the truth Tattoo, Kill Bill, Salt the Batman reveals his true identity6. The main character works Abduction, Salt, The Girl Used - Batman works with the police and government towith a particular institution With The Dragon stop the mob gangsters and the Jokere.g. Police, army, government Tattoo, I Robot, Casino Royale7.Includes the lost/death of a Memento, Abduction, Used-Batman loses his childhood friend dies in anloved one Taken explosion8. The hero is often an Dark Knight, Black Used- Bruce is misunderstood by the public and lives aoutsider or secretive Swan, I Robot secretive life as Batman and when he does show his true
21. Conventions analysisConventions of Examples from film Comparison to Is it used, developedThriller other films or challenged?1. Villain driven plot • The joker is the Silence of the Used – the Joker is cause of the whole Lambs almost seen as the main plot character in the film as • Killing innocent he is a very prominent people and causing character throughout havoc within the city the film. • He is the main cause of the events that take place during the movie
22. Conventions analysisConventions of Examples from film Comparison to Is it used,Thriller other films developed or challenged?2. Revenge • Harvey Dent is out The Punisher Used – he kills those to get revenge on he feels are to blame. all those who helped cause the death of his fiancé
23. Conventions analysisConventions of Examples from Comparison to Is it used,Thriller films other films developed or challenged?3. Kidnapping • Many people are Taken Used – the joker has kidnapped criminals and throughout the innocent citizens film kidnapped and put into separate boats – another of his evil plans
24. Conventions of Examples from Comparison to Is it used,genre/sub/hybrid your film (bullet other films in the developed or points and screen same challenged? grab) genre/sub/hybrid4. Deaths of innocent • He is also the The Kingdom Usedpeople cause of Bruce Wayne’s childhood friends’ death. • The Joker kills an innocent victim everyday until Batman agrees to show is true identity.
25. Conventions of Examples from Comparison to Is it used, genre/sub/hybrid your film (bullet other films in the developed or points and screen same challenged? grab) genre/sub/hybrid Explosions • The villain, the Suckerpunch Used Joker, blows up a hospital • Warehouses are also blown upBruceWayne’schildhoodfriend iskilled inanexplosion
26. Conventions analysisConvention of Examples from Comparison to Is it used,Thriller film other films developed or challenged?Involves a quest or •Only the Batman is Abduction – Only Usedmission and only the able to defeat the Nathan (mainmain character is able Joker as the Joker character) is ableto solve/reveal the won’t give up until solve the truth abouttruth the Batman gives in his life after he finds his baby picture in the missing people section
27. Conventions analysisConvention of Examples from Comparison to Is it used,Thriller film other films developed or challenged?The main character •Batman works with I Robot- Detective Usedworks with a particular the police to try and Spooner (the maininstitution e.g. Police, get rid of the mob character) is aarmy, government gangsters and the detective and works Joker along with a scientist to shut down what has caused the robots to turn evil
28. Conventions analysisConvention of Examples from film Comparison to Is it used,Thriller other films developed or challenged?The hero is often an •Bruce lives a secretive • Superman – Usedoutsider or secretive life as Batman and keeps his identity when he does show his a secret from the true identity as Bruce, he is an outsider public. •He is easily misunderstood by the general public due to his dark and mysterious personality.
29. Conventions analysisConvention of Examples from film Comparison to Is it used, developedThriller other films or challenged?7.The main •Batman’s childhood Spiderman Usedcharacter suffers friend dies in an explosionthe lost/death of aloved one
30. Dominant IdeologyDominant Ideology Evidence from film Why this dominant ideology is present?Masculinity/Dominance of male The main character is a heroic male This dominant ideology is present to reinforce thecharacters idea that men are suppose to strong and heroic and to create a role model for the younger male viewersJustice prevails all the bad guy always dies/is defeated at the end It is present to reinforce the idea that in the battle between good and evil, good always triumphs Harvey Dent diesThe main character (typically Bruce Wayne fights crime as Batman in the To allow the audience to feel hope in the fact thatmale) lacks the fear of death name of justice, not caring about the the hero will do whatever it takes to make consequences on his life. everything right for the innocent people.
31. Audience• This film is for a mass audience as Dark Knight is a blockbuster and is based on the comic book characters Batman and The Joker and many people may be familiar with these characters.Details of Target audience Secondary Why would they be attracted to the film?audience AudienceAge 15-20 21+ Because the older generation may be familiar with the Batman and joker Characters from their childhood daysGender Predominantly Females The stereotype is that action movies are for males male and most people tend to follow this idea.Ethnicity Western cultures Eastern Asians It is stereotypical of the western culture action movie, many people would be familiar with the conventions so would go to watch it almost knowing what to expect.Social Middle Class Upper Class Upper class may be attracted to the film as theyClass may be familiar with the directorSocial ‘comic/superhero Collectors and Comic/superhero geeks would be attracted to theGroup geeks’ fans of the actors film because it relates to their hobbies and interestsSexual All - The film is targeted at a world wide audienceOrientation therefore there is no specific sexual orientationProfession/ Students Carers, Teachers, They may hear this film being the main topic ofrole Parents conversation between their students and children
32. The Trailer• The trailer attracts the target audience as it shows all the elements of an action and thriller film without giving away the full plot of the film.• The trailer will attract the target audience of teenager males as the trailers includes many elements of the action genre. This will get the attention of the young male audience as they are fascinated by explosions, car chases and violence• http://youtu.be/yQ5U8suTUw0 (link to trailer) Gun to connote violence Explosion scenes are used to attract the young male audience
33. Audience TheoryReasons why people Explanationwatch the film?Entertainment •People will watch ‘The Dark Knight’ to be thrilled, as well as entertained •Some people take pleasure in watching movies full of suspense, bringing out their ‘inner detective’ and transporting them into new worlds •To escape everyday lifeInformation •People may watch ‘The Dark Knight’ through general curiosity as it may be the main topic everywhere and is being advertised everywherePersonal Identity •People will watch ‘The Dark Knight’ to give themselves a heroic character to idolize and to find a model of behaviour. •Identifying ones self as part of popular western cultureIntegration and •People will watch ‘The Dark Knight’ to find a basis for conversation and to able tosocial interaction socialise with friends and family when discussing this film. •Buying into the mainstream culture of super heroism