POSITIVE REINFORCEMENTFollowing a response with somethingpleasant is called Positive Reinforcement.
Negative ReinforcementFollowing a response with somethingnegative is called Negative Reinforcement
PUNISHMENTCreation of unpleasant conditions toeliminate an undesirable behavior
EXTINCTIONProcess of eliminating any type ofreinforcement causing any undesirablebehavior
REINFORCEMENT A PROVEN TECHNIQUEThis is a proven fact that reinforcement is moreeffective as compare to other methods. Withpunishment a behavior can be suppressed & can notbe eliminated completely.
SCHEDULE OF REINFORCEMENTContinuous Reinforcement Done every time the behavior occursIntermittent ReinforcementConduct of reinforcement with intervalsbut sufficient enough to make the desiredbehavior worth repeating
SCHEDULE OF REINFORCEMENTFixed Intervals Reinforcement When rewards are spaced at uniform in timeintervals like salary Variable Intervals Reinforcement When rewards are spaced atunpredictably in time intervals like commissionon sales
FIXED RATIO SCHEDULEAfter a fixed number of responses rewardsare initiatedEarn 5$ after every completion of 5 units
VARIABLE RATION SCHEDULEWhen reward varies relative to thebehavior of individual, he or she is said tobe on variable reinforcement schedule.Sells people making calls some time getsales on two calls & sometime after 30calls
ConclusionsContinuous Reinforcement Fast Learning ofNew Behaviors but rapid extinctionFixes Intervals Average but regularperformance with rapid extinctionsVariable Intervals Moderately high performancewith rapid extinctionFixed Ratio High & stable performance attainedquickly with rapid extinction rates.Variable Ratio Very high performance with slowextinction