Assignment
                               of
             Strategic Management




Group No.:         Eight (8)

Submitted...
Question No.1) what is the brand image and sources of equity for the Nivea brand?
Does it vary across product classes? How...
The main reason to extend the brand to different product categories:

   1. Beiersdorf wanted to go globally with Nivea br...
changed, the clean, fresh, and natural image of the Nivea woman remained essentially
unchanged. While she was modernized t...
•   Promotion - finding more effective ways of reaching the target market,
       e.g. samples on beauty magazines.

NIVEA...
selected countries in Western Europe. It indicates the growth potential for NIVEA
deodorant in the UK.

The UK deodorant m...
•   The softening and blurring of "male" and "female" gender roles

   •   Increased spending on lifestyles with more peop...
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Nivea

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Nivea

  1. 1. Assignment of Strategic Management Group No.: Eight (8) Submitted to: Prof. G. Ahmad Rana Submitted by: Members: Ali Sher ----------------------------------- Syed Hussain Zain ul Abiden ----------------------------------- Ayesha Saeed ----------------------------------- Asif Sheikh ----------------------------------- Najeeb Najam ----------------------------------- Syed Ali Kamran ---------------------------------- UNIVERSITY OF CENTRAL PUNJAB LAHORE
  2. 2. Question No.1) what is the brand image and sources of equity for the Nivea brand? Does it vary across product classes? How would youy evaluate or rate Nivea’s brand extension strategy? How would you characterize the brand hierarchy? The legacy skincare brand Nivea can be easily found in 150 countries around the world. Approaching its 100th birthday, "Nivea" derives from the Latin word "nivius, meaning snow-white." The first brand to bring skincare products from the privileged elite to the mass market, its initial product offering, Nivea Crème, was created by a team of dermatologists in 1911 who claimed it was "the world's first long-lasting skin cream." By 1924, Nivea initiated the use of its blue and white tins, still in use today. A brand born of dermatological expertise, consumers continue to associate Nivea with trust, reliability and accessibility. Owned by Beiersdorf AG, an international branded goods company in Germany, Nivea has grown from one signature product to over 300, encompassing fourteen product categories, which include a vast expanse of sub-brands such as Body, Visage, Beauté, Sun, For Men, Hair Care, and Baby. Through the years, Nivea has found success with new product rollouts by maintaining a rock solid consistency in its brand messaging, both visually and verbally. Brand Values Over the years, NIVEA - primarily through NIVEA Creme - has acquired a unique, universal brand identity as a caretaker of skin. NIVEA is synonymous with protection and caring for the skin. “Mildness,” “reliability,” “gentleness,” “protection,” “high quality,” and “value for money” are all strongly associated with the NIVEA name. Innovations & Brand Extensions Innovations and brand extensions went hand-in-hand for Nivea. Extensions had been made back in the 1930s itself and had continued in the 1960s when the face care range Nivea Visage was launched. However, the first major initiative to extend the brand to other products came in the 1970s. Naturally, the idea was to cash in on Nivea's strong brand equity. The first major extension was the launch of 'Nivea For Men' aftershave in the 1970s... The 'Global-Local' Strategy From 1910 onwards Nivea was made available in Europe, and from 1920 onwards, it was made available in the US markets. Over the next few decades, the number of countries in which Nivea had a presence kept on increasing due to Beiersdorf's focus on global expansion. The cream's rapid acceptance in many parts of the world highlighted its truly global appeal...
  3. 3. The main reason to extend the brand to different product categories: 1. Beiersdorf wanted to go globally with Nivea brand, so they extended their product categories. 2. Geographical condition of various countries also motivated Beiersdrof to extend the brand Nivea. 3. Beiersdrof wanted to increase the brand equity of Nivea brand, that’s why they adopted the strategy ofproduct category extension. 4. As the competition increased in skin care market it was necessary for Nivea to extend it brand to be a-step-ahead of the competition. 5. To tap all age group of consumer both male and female, it was essential for Nivea to extend its brand. 6. Brand Extension is of the new product development strategies, which can reduce financial risk by using the parent brand name, so Nivea decided to extend it product categories to tap new set of consumers. Question No.2) What is the role of the Nivea crème advertising? Should it be changed? NIVEA Crème Brand Identity and Values Over the years, NIVEA—primarily through NIVEA Crème—had acquired a unique, widely-understood brand identity as a ‘caretaker’ of skin. Throughout Europe, most users were first introduced to Nivea crème during their childhood learning that it was a product that could be used by the entire family to satisfy all kinds of needs. Because of consumers’ own personal history with the brand and the company’s advertising, NIVEA had become strongly associated with shared family experiences and had a rich set of other brand associations such as ‘care’, ‘mildness’, ‘reliability’, ‘gentleness’, ‘protection’, ‘high quality’, ‘feeling good’, and ‘reasonably priced’. Over time, the NIVEA name became synonymous with protection and care for the skin. Early Nivea Advertising BDF first began advertising Nivea products—primarily Nivea Crème—in 1912. The company viewed advertising as a means of strengthening consumer perceptions of a quality product. For over 60 years, Nivea advertising promoted the basic themes of skin care and protection. Ads were always simple, plain, and informative. In the 1910s and 1920s, BDF advertised three main Nivea products—crème, soap, and powder. Early ads established the image of the Nivea woman as clean, fresh, and natural. Over time, Nivea ads were altered to reflect changes in self-images and lifestyles. For example, in the 1920s, when German women were becoming more athletic and active, Nivea ads began to show women in more outdoor and active settings. In the 1930s, when tanning came into fashion, BDF responded by highlighting the skin protective qualities of Nivea crème and introducing a new product—Nivea oil—for sunburn. In the 1950s, following the end of World War II, Nivea ads reflected the German population’s desire to enjoy life by showing Nivea products used in relaxed and happy settings. While the settings of the ads
  4. 4. changed, the clean, fresh, and natural image of the Nivea woman remained essentially unchanged. While she was modernized to reflect the styles of the time, she was always a face with whom the average woman could identify. Over time, Nivea ads sought to link the clean, fresh, and natural image of the Nivea user to related elements of nature—fresh air, light, and sunshine. ded a series of television and print ads highlighting Nivea Crème. Because Nivea Creme was still the company’s most important image carrier, but was plagued by stagnating sales, Cosmed decided first to develop a worldwide ad campaign that presented a common brand image for Nivea Creme. The first ad showed a group of seagulls flying together through the air as circus music played in the background. The headline read: “Harmony in Blue.” “Harmony” was written in the Nivea logo lettering while “in Blue” was written in white cursive letters. At the end of the ad a picture of a tin of Nivea Creme flashed on the screen with the tagline “ All that skin needs to live.” Question No.3) what would you do now? Provide recommendations to Nivea concerning next steps in their marketing program? An umbrella brand: i. Market penetration Selling more products involves either growing the market as a whole or taking market share from competitors. NIVEA increases its sales by adjusting the marketing mix: • Product - reformulating products to make them more effective e.g. better at moisturising. • Price - reflecting good value but at a premium to retailers' own or private labels to represent quality. • Place - finding new outlets through which to sell the products.
  5. 5. • Promotion - finding more effective ways of reaching the target market, e.g. samples on beauty magazines. NIVEA Lip Care is a good example of the way in which NIVEA is building an existing product in an existing market, i.e. market penetration. Despite the seasonal nature of demand for lip care products and their relatively low selling price. NIVEA lipcare has developed the brand through monitoring trends in the market and matching these with its existing core competencies in skin care. The core products of this range are 'Essential', 'Repair', 'Rose' and 'Sun'. However, NIVEA has extended the product range with: • (2000) Strawberry and Cherry • (2002) Pearl & Shine • (2003) Gold & Shine and CareGloss & Shine. The launch of new products, which combine cosmetic trends with NIVEA's traditional skincare expertise, has been very successful. The brand which has around 90% brand awareness, is well recognised by the consumers, whilst the new launches reinforce and reflect known standards. By Christmas 2003, Pearl & Shine had become the market's best selling product. ii. New product development Beiersdorf's investment across a broad range of existing products illustrates its commitment to new product development. NIVEA is the master brand that drives the success of the whole NIVEA portfolio of sub-brands. It is the No. 1 skincare brand worldwide. Beiersdorf continually strives to strengthen this position through research in products and markets. A further example of new product development was the launch of NIVEA Visage Soft Facial Cleansing Wipes in 1999. Market research at the time showed only 66% of UK women used a facial cleanser, whilst only 27% has a face care regime (cleanse, tone, moisturise). Women were looking for an easy, convenient, face care routine. NIVEA's Soft Facial Cleansing Wipes remove eye make-up and cleanse and tone in one simple step thus meeting customers' known requirements. This is the basis of the product's success. Not surprisingly, NIVEA rapidly became the No.1 brand. iii. Market development The UK launch of NIVEA deodorant is a good example of market development within the NIVEA range. This is Europe's No. 1 brand. The chart shows 2004 figures for
  6. 6. selected countries in Western Europe. It indicates the growth potential for NIVEA deodorant in the UK. The UK deodorant market is currently worth £300m annually. It is a highly competitive market, dominated by one major manufacturer, Unilever, who account for over 60% of all sales. NIVEA believes its traditional skincare expertise will help to bring new UK consumers into the brand. Currently, 5 million UK consumers buy into the NIVEA brand, all of whom are potential NIVEA deodorant users. By capitalising on this potential Beiersdorf intends to maintain its rapid and consistent growth. Launching the product in the UK required careful product and market research. Recognising Unilever's dominance of the market, through pre-launch research, NIVEA identified a strong match between traditional NIVEA brand values and those required in a skincaring deodorant, i.e.: • protection • suitable for my skin • mild/skin friendly • pleasant fragrance • reliable brand • high quality. This allowed NIVEA to enter the market in the more specialist skincaring deodorant segment, away from the bigger, high-performance focused brands, with which the NIVEA brand image had fewer synergies. This market segment gives greater scope for expansion than the entire deodorant market. NIVEA aims to become the number 1 skincaring deodorant in the market, and to control this area, rather than to control the market as a whole. Given the size of the UK deodorant market, dominating the skincaring segment, which accounts for nearly 20% of the market, can be as rewarding as being the leading brand in a smaller market. iv. Diversification Beiersdorf has a history of being an innovative company. It has always been prepared to develop new products for new markets. This is well illustrated by the development of the NIVEA FOR MEN range. This development results from several trends. These include:
  7. 7. • The softening and blurring of "male" and "female" gender roles • Increased spending on lifestyles with more people attending gyms and caring about their appearance • New media developments, e.g. the revolution in men's magazines provide direct contact with men through advertising. The Marketing Game plan for Nivea Millions of customers across the world have been familiar with the Nivea brand since their childhood. The visual (color and packaging) and physical attributes (feel, smell) of the product stayed on in their minds. According to analysts, this led to the formation of a complex emotional bond between customers and the brand, a bond that had strong positive undertones... NIVEA was the first mass-market brand to set out to develop male facial care/moisturising. The NIVEA FOR MEN range provides straightforward practical solutions to men's skincare needs. It targets men who value their appearance and who see it as a key contributor to self-confidence i.e. NIVEA has diversified into the male sector of the market. The NIVEA FOR MEN range built on the NIVEA brand heritage. At its launch in the late 1990s, the product range included: • shaving foam • shaving gel • aftershave balm • sensitive aftershave balm • moisturising lotion • intensive cream. But basically the top level would be the Corporate Brand/Parent Brand (where in a high proportion of situations are really just the name of a large corporation and do not hold the key/core brand associations/values consumers relate to) The next level would be the Core/Master brand from which brand or line extensions and new products tend to make use of as a launch pad to leverage brand equity.

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