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UniBRAIN AIICs perspective to incubating overseas ventures-II
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UniBRAIN AIICs perspective to incubating overseas ventures-II


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The world is flat. In this era of globalization, countries are forging partnerships to remain competitive in terms of trade, revenue, inputs and security. The same is needed for sustaining agriculture …

The world is flat. In this era of globalization, countries are forging partnerships to remain competitive in terms of trade, revenue, inputs and security. The same is needed for sustaining agriculture also. We look at how such partnerships can be leveraged for promoting Indian agribusiness ventures to new horizons and domains through trade opportunities at Africa, EU etc.

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  • 1. Logistical Problems of Post-harvest FoodHandling and Marketingin Africa: A Case Study of Matooke in Uganda. G.W.Byarugaba-Bazirake1 and 2W. Byarugaba,M.Tumusiime1 Kyambogo University1 Makerere University2
  • 2. Definitions• Logistics: the careful organization of a complicated activity so that it happens in a successful and effective way.• Matooke:the cooking type of bananas•
  • 3. Introduction• Bananas(matooke) constitute a very important staple crop in Uganda, and are being grown by 75% of the country’s farmers on 40% of the total arable land. It is a cash crop in south western and central regions and contributes 8-22% of the rural revenue .•
  • 4. Introduction (cont’d)• The triploid, Musa acuminata East African highland cultivar (AAA-EA genotype) locally known as matooke predominates banana production in Uganda and provides major food for over 7 million people including two thirds of the urban population. Bananas are so important in Uganda so much so that in some parts of the country the word “matooke” means both “banana” and “food” and the crop contributes about 35% of total food consumption expenditure.• The Uganda’s per capita consumption of bananas ranges between 220kg and 460 kg per year according This banana per capita consumption is the highest in the world.
  • 5. Introduction (continued)The demand and supply of matooke in urban areas has come with associated problems of:• Discoloration due to enzymatic reactions and oxidation after peel• inefficient transportation(40% waste) with undesired bulk• garbage accumulation (over 500 ton/day) in Kampala.• Costs high ($7/ton ) to dispose garbage (KCC).• Perishability-short post-harvest shelf-life.• Soil nutrients depletion from banana plantation due to:1. Poor agrarian management systems2. Transportation of waste which would serve as manure to urban areas
  • 6. Banana by-product utilization• Production of:• Biogas• Vinegar• Enriched animal feeds• Charcoal briquettes• Fiber-biodegradable (textile,bags)• Manure,mulch,etc.•
  • 7. Growing Matooke
  • 8. Some of the banana plantations Healthy Plantations (Courtesy –ASARECA)
  • 10. Well maintained bananas
  • 12. Matooke Bulk Marketing problems• They include:1. Poor (road network) infrastructure2. High fuel prices for transporting trucks3. Weak reconditioned trucks4. Lack of organised markets5. Quick spoilage of raw food materials6. Lack of value-addition technologies
  • 13. BULK TRANSPORTATION OF MATOOKE(40% Waste of peels and stalks)
  • 14. DMC Transporting pick-up
  • 16. Innovation ObjectivesThe technological approach objectives were to:1. inactivate enzymes responsible for browning (oxidation) of peeled matooke.2. preserve and prolong shelf life of the peeled matooke as a food stuff.3. reduce transportation load that is very bulky
  • 17. Material & Methods• Sodium metabisulphite was purchased from “Desbro” (food grade chemical dealers) in Industrial area,Kampala, vacuum sealer (Micromark, UK) was obtained from Midway Technologies,Kampala,. The jaws hand peeler type(ED MARK, Malaysia) machines were purchased from Lugogo at the International Trade Fair,2007 and the transparent non-permeable vacuum sealable plastic packaging materials were procured from Shoprite, Kampala.
  • 18. Methods• The research work was done at the Uganda Industrial Research Institute(UIRI),Kampala. In the experimental study, the matooke were sorted, weighed and peeled using jaws hand peelers . They were washed in treated tap water and grouped into two categories. Category 1 was immersed in sodium metabisulphite –distilled water solution (1000 ppm) for 30 seconds to inactivate enzymes responsible for browning and serve as antimicrobial agent, drained in a stainless steel metal-mesh with reciprocated agitation for 5 minutes, vacuum sealed and labeled. Category 2 was just drained (untreated) and not vacuum sealed . The products were stored at chilling temperatures (100C)and set for further observations.
  • 19. Results• Approximately 60% of the matooke was obtained after peeling .They were stored under chilled conditions.• The vacuum sealed matooke remained fresh as desired by the consumers for 10 days.• The untreated matooke (control) turned brown after a few minutes and had moulds grown on them on the fourth day of storage(shelf-life).• The banana waste was returned to rural areas profitable utilization as manure, livestock feeds, fuel (biogas) source and for inoculation of starter cultures useful in vinegar production.
  • 20. Fungal growth on the peeled matooke Fig. 1:Fungal growth on peeled bananas stored under chilled conditions 180 160 140 120 Fungi (CFU) 100 Fungal growth on untreated matooke(cfu) Fungal growth on treated matooke (cfu) 80 60 40 20 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Storage period(Days)
  • 21. Results (cont’d)• The results presented(Fig.1) showed that matooke can be processed & preserved into a food stuff that is convenient to prepare with prolonged shelf life (10 days).• Bananas can be transported from rural areas to the user ends at reduced logistical expenses by prior peeling to eliminate averagely 40% of waste.
  • 22. Conclusions• Waste products can be used as manure to fertilize and replenish matooke plantations besides supplementary usage like biogas production and formulation of animal feeds.• ,Rural based industries should be set up to process and solve the logistical problems involved in bulky post harvested food handling in Africa.
  • 23. IPR,promotion &marketing• Patent certificate-2009•• highlights• ECSA 80 RADIOS• Institutions, hotels,restuarants & hhomes• Diaspora-USA, UK,S .Sudan, Dubai with appreciation
  • 25. Peeling matooke
  • 27. Biogas from peels burning
  • 28. US FDA Certificate
  • 29. Kyambogo University Graduation Feb.2011The Vice Chancellor’s Tour ofFREVASEMA Stall
  • 30. Kyambogo University Graduation Feb. 2011The Vice Chancellor’s Tour of FREVASEMA Stall