the great predicament World is facing a major predicament!• World population surging.• Dire shortage of land for farming.• Weather patterns changing thanks to climate change.• Oil prices through roof together with its demand.• Crop yields decreasing at alarming rate.• What does this mean for us? We face very real threat of not having sufficient food!
the solution• To solve biggest predicament of humanity – a worldwide shortage of food supply, we introduce innovative concept called SkyFarms.• SkyFarms comes from idea of building skyscraper or vertical farms.• To do for agriculture what skyscraper did for office & living space.• SkyFarms is high-rise building devoted to indoor cultivation of edible crops & produce utilizing latest in hydroponic and aeroponic technologies.• Hydroponics nearly 20 times yield rate of conventional agriculture (depending on crop … strawberries are up to 30 times – based on US productivity).• SkyFarms will become complete self-sustainable & controlled ecosystem.
constraints• Huge infrastructure investment – Huge capital investment is required whether we retrofit an existing building or build a purpose-built structure• Energy needs – Any such hi-tech Mega development project will generate high energy consumption needs. This creates huge utilities bill for skyfarm’s investors. – Current hi-tech green alternative source of energy supply have not totally made it more cost effective than fossil fuel. If we go on total renewable energy, it may not be economical for smaller skyfarms business operators. So critical mass becomes important.• Operations cost – This is a cost concern as we have to maintain both the internal machinery and the building maintenance related costs
environment security• Water – ½-2% of traditional farming• Food – productivity increase 10-30 fold (even 300x has been recorded)• Energy – completely self-sustaining, especially when processes are in place• Bio-fuels – Grown, extracted and generated within – No fossil fuel powered vehicle will go beyond public domain, except in event of exigency
CONCERNS ADDRESSED WATER – WEALTH FOOD – FUEL SAFETY – SECURITY CLIMATE – CHANGE WAR - WARMTH REACH OUT
Rapid Propagation & Seed Germination This agri-technology can increase crop dryweight bio-mass production by over 80% when compared to other agricultural techniques.
Organic Food Production Genesis Series Aeroponic System providesplants with an enclosed air and water/nutrientecosystem, that stimulates rapid plant growth, without soil or media. Grow Harvest Ready for Market
Precision Crop Production• The plants can be started from vegetative cuttings or seeds.• The microcomputer controller releases a pulsed hydro-atomized spray mixture of water, nutrients and growth hormones into the enclosed air environment of the growing chamber.
Benefits• Can be used in a Green house / grow room• Full control over root and shoot system of plants• Uses very little space – 0.74 sq. meters• Uses very little water – 0.2 % of conventional needs• Uses very little nutrition – in grams / month
Benefits• Produces more plants per unit area• User friendly system• Cost effective• Effective pathogen• & disease control• Healthy & vibrant crop• Companion plantings
How are foods grown in air?• Plants grow 99.9% of their time in pure air• Oxygen & mineral enriched solutions• Controlled micro-climates - root & leaf• Pest free environments
High impact crop production• Increase yields by 80% per sq ft• 100% natural food – pesticide free• Mineral enriched – more nutritious• Multi-crop capacity in less sq. footage• 24/7 growing in an optimized climate• 12 to 24 crops per your year
Some Examples• Germination time • Lettuce 1 day • Tomato 3 days • Herbs 1 day • Corn 2 days • Peppers (Capsicum) 5 days • Beans 2 days • Cucumbers 3 days • Broccoli 2 days • Cauliflower 2 daysMay vary slightly depending on variety
Some Examples• Rooting time • Tomato 5 day • Bean 7 days • Carnations 8 days • Geranium 7 days • Orchid 21 days • Olive 16 days • Figs 21 days • Potato 7 days • Roses 10 days • Strawberry 21 days May vary slightly depending on variety
Example of Pattern Recognition Receptor (PRR) Homodimer Protein in Biological Membrane Showing Phosphorylation Sites Initiate Signal Transduction Processes YEA!® YEA!® Elicitor sits in Receptor’s pocket > YEA!® Elicitor sits in the receptor’s pocket the receptor’s pocket Plant Cell Membrane > Phosphorylation Sites > Elicitor initiates Signal Transduction Processes Listen: Dr. Linden
Third Party Field Testing Results (Control vs. YEA!® Seed Treatment)Corporate Tester: Yield Treatment Confidential Difference Difference 2004 Field Trials (% of Control) Soybean 5.4 (bu/A) 1102005 thru 2007 Trials Soybean 6.6 (bu/A) 112 Wheat 2.5 (bu/A) 105 Corn 7.0 (bu/A) 104 Peanut 645 (lbs/A) 139 Sugar Beet 1.5 (tons/A) 111 Rice 860.9 (lbs/A) 116 Listen: Dr. Linden
Agricultural Benefits of YEA!® When used as directed on this label, YEA! can boost seed germination and vitality, stimulate emergence and sprouting, enhance plant vigor, promote growth, suppress diseases and pathogens, activate plant resistances to environment stress and disease pressures, including the suppression of parasitic nematodes, increase crops yields, and improve crop quality. For use as seed treatment on corn, soybean, potato, sugar beets vegetables, herbs, grains, legumes, rice, fruit and citrus trees. Listen: Dr. Linden
16 Advantages of Vertical Farming – Sky Farming/Vertical Farming – The Near Future of Farming1. Year-round crop production; 1 indoor acre is equivalent to 4-6outdoor acres or more, depending upon the crop (e.g., strawberries: 1 indoor acre = 30 outdoor acres)2. No weather-related crop failures due to droughts, floods, pests3. All VF food is grown organically: no herbicides, pesticides, or fertilizers
4. VF virtually eliminates agricultural runoff by recycling black water5. VF returns farmland to nature, restoring ecosystem functions and services6. VF greatly reduces the incidence of many infectious diseases that are acquired at the agricultural interface7. VF converts black and gray water into potable water by collecting the water of evapotranspiration
8. VF adds energy back to the grid via methane generation from composting non-edible parts of plants and animals9. VF dramatically reduces fossil fuel use (no tractors, plows, shipping.)10. VF converts abandoned urban properties into food production centers11. VF creates sustainable environments for urban centers
12. VF creates new employment opportunities13. We cannot go to the moon, Mars, or beyond without first learning to farm indoors on earth14. VF may prove to be useful for integrating into refugee camps
15. VF offers the promise of measurable economic improvement for tropical and subtropicalLDCs. If this should prove to be the case, then VF may be a catalyst in helping to reduce or even reverse the population growth of LDCs as they adopt urban agriculture as a strategy for sustainable food production.16. VF could reduce the incidence of armed conflict over natural resources, such as water and land for agriculture