National Research                                                      Development Corporation   Innovative Technologies i...
National Research                                           Development CorporationPresentation Structure    Innovations ...
National Research                                Development CorporationInnovations in Agriculture                    - So...
National Research                                                                      Development Corporation    IT in Ag...
National Research                                             Development CorporationDry land Agriculture using Super Abso...
National Research                                                               Development CorporationApplication of Nove...
National Research                                                     Development CorporationPackaging of Organic Vegetabl...
National Research                                                                          Development CorporationShelf Li...
National Research                                                               Development CorporationUse of Geo Textiles...
National Research                                              Development CorporationCOCOLAWN        A Ready made Lawn  ...
National Research                             Development CorporationNRDC- A Brief Introduction
National Research                                                       Development CorporationNRDC – A Brief Introduction...
National Research                                                                                  Development Corporation...
National Research                                                 Development CorporationNetwork: Research Institutes and ...
National Research                                     Development CorporationNetwork: Customers & Partners*               ...
National Research                                                                                           Development Co...
National Research                               Development CorporationAgriculture A Brief Overview
National Research                                                        Development CorporationAgriculture Production in ...
National Research                                                                                              Development...
National Research                                                                          Development CorporationFood Gra...
National Research                                                     Development CorporationAgriculture Growth Rates The...
National Research               Development CorporationTechnologies Offered              - Selected
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National Research                                                       Development Corporation   Technologies Offered - ...
National Research                             Development CorporationTechnologies Offered           - Agro- chemicals (Sel...
National Research                             Development CorporationNeem Pesticides           - Technologies and Products
National Research                                                                Development CorporationNeem       Backgro...
National Research                                               Development CorporationNeem       Key Effects Against Pest...
National Research                                                          Development CorporationNeem                    ...
National Research                                                                                    Development Corporati...
National Research                                                        Development CorporationNeem  Azadirachtin : Salie...
National Research                                                   Development CorporationNeem           Aza as a Pestici...
National Research                                                     Development CorporationNeem                Stable Az...
National Research                                                             Development CorporationNeem   Stable Azadira...
National Research                                                            Development CorporationNeem              Stab...
National Research                                                           Development CorporationNeem             Stable...
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National Research                                                            Development CorporationNeem                  ...
National Research                                                         Development CorporationNeem                   St...
National Research                                                          Development CorporationNeem-BasedTechnologies O...
National Research             Development CorporationHumic Acid
National Research                                                           Development CorporationHA     Humic Substance ...
National Research                                                        Development CorporationHA     Multiple Function o...
National Research                                                             Development CorporationHA     What do Humic ...
National Research                                                            Development CorporationHA     Potassium Humat...
National Research                                                         Development CorporationHA     Salient features o...
National Research                                                   Development CorporationHA     Manufacture of Potassium...
National Research                                     Development CorporationHA     Influence of Humic Acid on Onion Bulb
National Research                                          Development CorporationHA       Effect of Humic Acid on Capsicu...
National Research                                            Development CorporationHA              Effect of Humic Acid o...
National Research                     Development CorporationSuper-absorbent Hydrogel
National Research                                                      Development CorporationHydrogel   Super-absorbent H...
National Research                                                             Development CorporationHydrogel       Super-...
National Research                                  Development CorporationHydrogel     Super-absorbent Hydrogel    Salient...
National Research                                                        Development CorporationHydrogel     Super-absorbe...
National Research                                                          Development CorporationHydrogel    Super-absorb...
National Research                                                       Development CorporationHydrogel           Field Tr...
National Research                                                         Development CorporationHydrogel           Field ...
National Research                       Development CorporationPolymeric Seed Coats
National Research                                                                Development CorporationSeed Coat         ...
National Research                                                              Development CorporationSeed Coat           ...
National Research                                                                 Development CorporationSeed Coat        ...
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National Research                        Development CorporationLow Cost Plant Tissue Culture          Medium
National Research                                             Development CorporationTCM      Plant Tissue Culture Medium ...
National Research                                                    Development CorporationTCM       New Development     ...
National Research                                                   Development CorporationTCM          Process      •   R...
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National Research                                                            Development CorporationTCM      Novel Medium ...
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National Research                         Development CorporationA Novel Composition of  Trichoderma virens
National Research                                                                 Development CorporationTricoderma       ...
National Research                                                                   Development CorporationTricoderma     ...
National Research                                                Development CorporationImprovement of fertilizer-N use ef...
National Research                                                            Development CorporationNitrification Inhibito...
National Research                                                              Development CorporationNitrification Inhibi...
National Research                                                                  Development CorporationNitrification In...
National Research                                                                           Development CorporationNitrifi...
National Research                                                                    Development CorporationNitrification ...
National Research                                                                 Development CorporationNitrification Inh...
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Banana Foliar                                                        National Research                                    ...
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Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity
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Innovative technologies in agri-horticulture and agroprocessing for enhancing growth and sustainable productivity

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Innovation holds the key to remain competitive in this era of globalization. With resources dwindling and competition increasing, it is now crucial to develop an ecosystem for nurturing innovations in farming and scientific community. The session will explore the factors which are needed for encouraging innovations and identify key success parameters that can enhance innovation in the Indian context.

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  1. 1. National Research Development Corporation Innovative Technologies in Agri-Horticulture and Agro-processing for Enhancing Growth & Sustainable Productivity Session: Innovations for competitive agribusiness development 2nd Global Conference on Agribusiness Incubation NIABI- 2012 Arunabha Pradhan Head of Office National Research Development Corporation New Delhi, India
  2. 2. National Research Development CorporationPresentation Structure  Innovations in Agriculture  NRDC Background  Brief Overview Agriculture & Agro-Chemicals  Technologies Offered
  3. 3. National Research Development CorporationInnovations in Agriculture - Some Examples
  4. 4. National Research Development Corporation IT in Agriculture Agricultural Advisory Services, Weather Monitoring & Prediction Agricultural Supply Chain Management Link farmers to markets, banks extension partners and suppliers Support for Crop Disease Control, Soil quality monitoring Agro Processing Neurosynaptics weather monitoring kit
  5. 5. National Research Development CorporationDry land Agriculture using Super Absorbent Hydrogel Hydrogel is prepared through crosslinking of monomers Possesses high water absorption capacity up to 350 times Remains stable in soil for long period under high temperature (50- 600C) Huge potential for use in Agriculture as water economy aid in Dry-land agriculture, horticulture, floriculture and nursery raising
  6. 6. National Research Development CorporationApplication of Novel Bio-pesticide (Using EntomopathogenicNematodes) - NemaGel  NemaGel is a New Formulation of specially isolated Entemopathogenic Nematode (Steinernema thermophilum) and Super absorbent Hydrogel  It controls wide range of pastes in the field Groundnut Field Attacked by Termites  The product has a shelf life of over 9 months at 40-45 deg C and 2-3 years up to 15 deg C  Application of Nemagel acts as dual function contols pests as well provides water to the plant Maize field after application of NemaGel – No Maize Field Attacked by Termites termite and healthy crop
  7. 7. National Research Development CorporationPackaging of Organic Vegetables of a Farmer in Taiwan Green house for Organic Farming with innovative organic manure
  8. 8. National Research Development CorporationShelf Life Extension of Fruits and Vegetables Testing after 30 days storage without refrigeration UNCOATED COATED UNCOATED COATED The technology is Results Achieved (Without refrigeration) preparation of organic Apples : 6-8 weeks Oranges : 3-4 weeks formulations to be used Tomatoes : 2 weeks Small Pears : 4-5 weeks for coating of fruits and Plums : 2 weeks Pears : 12 days vegetables Capsicum : 2 weeks
  9. 9. National Research Development CorporationUse of Geo Textiles from Coir (Coconut Fibre) Eroded Slope Stabilization Over bridge Near Cochin Airport Sectioning of slope Area after installation before application Lush green vegetation after six months Cutting the trench For fixing the CGT Source: Dr. Us. Sarma, Director, CCRI, Alleppy
  10. 10. National Research Development CorporationCOCOLAWN A Ready made Lawn Cocolawn is an eco friendly natural lawn which is prepared from coir geotextiles, coir pith, pith organic manure and natural grass Rollable & transportable to distant places Instant lawn for exhibitions, roof tops & hotels Can be cut & cast into any shape
  11. 11. National Research Development CorporationNRDC- A Brief Introduction
  12. 12. National Research Development CorporationNRDC – A Brief Introduction  Incorporated in 1953; as a Section 25 Company  Specialize in Technology Transfer, IP Portfolio Management and Project Consultancy  Catalyze conversion of lab-scale R&D into A Technology marketable technologiesCommercialization  Offer support for technology upgradation Company  Offer effective linkages with  R & D Institutions (Public & Private)  Industry  Customers Nationally & Internationally
  13. 13. National Research Development Corporation NRDC- Core Strength Nearly Six decades of Expertise experience in Management • Techno Commercial evaluation and Transfer of Technology • Basic engineering design package Reservoir of large number of • IP portfolio Management technologies catering to • Task force for Royalty almost all sectors of industry Collection Strength in understanding the Achievements complexity of Partnerships commercialisation of lab- • Licensed technologies to • Strong R&D linkages scale technology over 4800 entrepreneurs • Wide industry clientele • Estd. turnkey projects in • Partner with funding South East Asian & African Hand holding with agencie & NGOs countries entrepreneurs for successful • Flexible Business models for upcoming • IP licensing / Joint IP absorption of technology entrepreneurs development / IP integration Established network with other countries for promotion of technologies
  14. 14. National Research Development CorporationNetwork: Research Institutes and Universities* * Partial List Only
  15. 15. National Research Development CorporationNetwork: Customers & Partners* * Partial List Only
  16. 16. National Research Development Corporation NRDC Business Model Evaluation Export of Technologies Source of NRDC ValueScouting of EntrepreneurTechnology Technology Addition* * Value Addition: Evaluation, Basic Engineering Design Package, Scale-up, Validation/Authentication, IP Protection, Socio-economic Market Survey, Feasibilty Report, KMS, Project Report, Development Publicity, etc. Programme
  17. 17. National Research Development CorporationAgriculture A Brief Overview
  18. 18. National Research Development CorporationAgriculture Production in recent yearsThe share of agriculture in gross domestic product (GDP) hassharply reduced to 15.7% in 2008-09 from 36.4% in 1982-83,though it continues to support over 500 million people, andprovides employment to 52% of the countrys workforce. (Source: Economic Survey 2009-10)
  19. 19. National Research Development CorporationAgriculture Production in recent years Agriculture sector: Key indicators at constant prices (2004-05) in per centItem 2007-08 2008-09Growth in GDP in Agriculture & Allied Sectors 4.7 1.6 Agriculture 5.0 1.1 Forestry and Logging 2.2 2.9 Fishing 6.0 6.3Share in GDP - Agriculture and Allied Sectors 16.4 15.7 Agriculture 13.9 13.2 Forestry and Logging 1.7 1.7 Fishing 0.8 0.8Share of Agriculture & Allied Sectors in total GCF. 7.01 9.05Agriculture 6.43 8.39Forestry and Logging 0.07 0.09Fishing 0.51 0.58Share of Agricultural Imports in Total Imports at Current Prices 2.95 2.74Share of Agricultural Exports in Total Exports at Current Prices 12.05 10.23Employment in the agriculture Sector as Share of 52.1Total Employment in 2004-05 as per CDS Source : Economics Times 209-10: Central Statistical Organization (CSO) and Department of Agriculture and Cooperation. Notes : GCF—gross capital formation; CDS—current daily status.
  20. 20. National Research Development CorporationFood Grain Production in recent yearsFoodgrain production (million tonnes) Crop 2007- 08 2008-09 Final Targets Fourth Percentage Percentage advance increase (+) increase (+) estimates decrease(-) decrease(-) over final vis-à-vis target 2007- 08 for 2008- 09Rice 96.69 97.0 99.15 2.5 2.2Wheat 78.57 78.5 80.58 2.6 2.6Coarse Cereals 40.76 42.0 39.48 - 3.1 - 6.0Cereals 216.02 217.5 219.21 1.5 0.8Total Pulses 14.76 15.5 14.66 -0.7 -5.4Total Foodgrains 230.78 233.0 233.88 1.3 0.4 Source : Department of Agriculture & Cooperation.
  21. 21. National Research Development CorporationAgriculture Growth Rates The main concerns for slow-down in agriculture growth rates in recent years are:  Green revolution fatigue in progressive States.  Limited/slow improvement in many other States where dependence on agriculture is highest. Possible reasons :-  Slow-down in productivity gains  Decline in public investments  Increasing degradation of natural resources
  22. 22. National Research Development CorporationTechnologies Offered - Selected
  23. 23. National Research Development CorporationTechnologies Offered  Technologies Offered - Agro-Chemicals  Neem Based Pesticidal Products  Humic Acid  Super absorbent Hydrogel  Polymeric Seed Coats  Low Cost Tissue Culture Medium  A Novel Composition of Trichoderma Viren  Nitrification Inhibitors  Multi Component Bio-Release Micronutrient Fertiliser  Crop specific Micronutrient Mineral Mixture for Banana  Crop specific Micronutrient Mineral Mixture for Vegetables  Sea weed extract fertiliser  Pesticidal Oxime Esters  Alkane Polyol Alkanoates Pesticides  Technology offered - Bio-Pesticides  Nemagel  Bio-fertiliser cum Bio-fungicides  Management of White Grub through Bacillus Cereus  Bt Based Mosquito Larvicide  Plant Based Mosquito Larvicide
  24. 24. National Research Development Corporation Technologies Offered - Agro-Biotech  Seeds –Varieties and Hybrids  Tissue Culture  Green Houses  Spirulina Algae Agro-Processing  Shelflife Extension of Fruits and Vegetables  Coir Processng
  25. 25. National Research Development CorporationTechnologies Offered - Agro- chemicals (Selected)
  26. 26. National Research Development CorporationNeem Pesticides - Technologies and Products
  27. 27. National Research Development CorporationNeem Background  Azadirachta indica A. Juss, syn. Melia azadirachta L., Antelaea azadirachta (L.) Adelb.  Mahogany family Meliaceae, is one of the two species in the genus Azadirachta  Native to India, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Sri Neem in India Lanka, Malaysia and Pakistan, grows in tropical and sub-tropical regions  Attracted the attention of chemists and biologists all over the world because of the presence of plethora of biologically active constituents  All parts of the tree such as leaves, fruits, bark, seeds, oil cake etc. are traditionally used in Neem in Africa India for pest control
  28. 28. National Research Development CorporationNeem Key Effects Against Pests  Biocidal (against insects, fungi, nematode, bacteria, etc.)  Anti-feedant  Insect Growth Disruptor  Ovicidal  Oviposition Deterrent  Anti-fertility/Sterilant  Pesticide Adjuvant
  29. 29. National Research Development CorporationNeem Key Bioactive Constituents Seed / kernel / Cake Salannin, nimbin, desacetyl salannin Non polar Desacetyl nimbin etc solvent (s) Defatted cake Non-polar and/or polar solvent(s) Azadirachtin-A concentrate ( ~20%) Chromatographic Separation Aza-A Aza-B Aza-H
  30. 30. National Research Development CorporationNeem Azadirachtin : The Key Bio-active Ingredient O 12 CH 3OO C OH O O O 11 30  Is one of the numerous limonoid type 3 1 O triterpenes produced by neem and is CH 3COO 29 CH 3OO C H O OH HO O the most important constituent Azadirachtin -A CH 3OO C H O  Influences the insect growth and HO O feeding behaviour O O O OH O H HO CH 3OO C O  Nearly a dozen isomers named for Azadirachtin -B convenience as Azadirachtin – A, B, O H O OH O O etc. are reported O CH 3COO OH O H HO CH 3OO C O Azadirachtin -H
  31. 31. National Research Development CorporationNeem Azadirachtin : Salient features  The most active insect anti-feedant discovered to date  Interferes in the metamorphosis and reproduction in several species of insects  Has emerged as an excellent botanical pesticide  Is environment friendly, safe to vertebrates and other non-target organisms, and possesses several other positive traits  Its multi-pronged effect against insects, fungi, bacteria, nematodes etc. enables their effective management in diverse farm and household pest and pathogen situations  Amongst insects alone, 540 susceptible species / sub-species belonging to 15 orders are listed
  32. 32. National Research Development CorporationNeem Aza as a Pesticide: Salient Feedback  Use not as widespread as the synthetics  Unstable on exposure to heat, humidity, sunlight, UV rays, etc.  Stabilisers needed in formulations for field application  Several local brands in the market with undefined and unauthenticated quality, have negated the credibility of neem pesticides with the farmers  Repeat applications add to cost  The enhanced costs reduce farmer’s acceptability
  33. 33. National Research Development CorporationNeem Stable Azadirachtin  A process has been developed for obtaining more stable Di – and /or Tetra - Hydro Azadirachtin (Reduced Azadirachtin)  Appropriate carrier, diluent, surfactant and /or other formulants, have been identified to obtain its solution formulation
  34. 34. National Research Development CorporationNeem Stable Azadirachtin : Salient Features  A simple and cost effective process provides quantitative conversion and yields  The raw material (Azadirachtin powder concentrate) is readily and abundantly available  The reactants and formulants needed for the manufacture of technical material and the formulations are readily available  No undesirable effect on the properties or performance of Aza  No waiting period at harvest of the crop – an aspect of significance for particularly the commodities consumed raw
  35. 35. National Research Development CorporationNeem Stable Azadirachtin Efficacy & Toxicity  Field trials for efficacy and toxicity have been done (funded under the World Bank Project)  Reduced Azadirachtin and its formulations are effective in controlling agricultural and other pests  These were safe to the non-target organisms  Reduced Azadirachtin displayed a much higher degree of anti-feedant and growth inhibitory activities against Helicoverpa armigera, Spodoptera litura and other pests than Aza  The bio-efficacy of the Reduced (Stable) Azadirachtin was comparable to synthetic pesticides ex. endosulfan
  36. 36. National Research Development CorporationNeem Stable Azadirachtin Comparative Stability of Aza – A and Reduced Azadirachtin (RA) concentrates Condition Half life (t ½) Aza-A RA (Stable Aza) UV (thin film) 22.87 min. 72.95 min UV (methanolic sol.) 1.00 h 2.55 h Sunlight (thin film) 1.19 d 2.54 d Sunlight (methanolic 11.57 d 31.08 d sol.) Accelerated storage 6.42 d 34.83 d (methanolic sol.) h = hours, d= days
  37. 37. National Research Development CorporationNeem Stable Azadirachtin Feeding and growth inhibitory activity of Aza-A and Reduced Aza-A against the larvae of various lepidopteran insect pests Test insect Test compound AI50 GI50 I50 (%) (%) (%) 3 DAT 7 DAT Spodoptera litura Aza-A (60%) 0.002 0.008 0.015 0.010 RA (60%) 0.001 0.007 0.010 0.004 NeemAzal 0.015 0.010 0.008 0.011 Spilarctia obliqua Aza-A 0.004 0.015 0.054 0.02 RA (60%) 0.002 0.008 0.02 0.01 Helicoverpa armigera Aza A 0.004 0.01 0.03 0.011 RA 0.004 0.009 0.01 0.007 Pieris brassicae Aza-A 0.0011 0.0008 - - RA (60%) 0.00065 - - - AI = antifeedant Activity; GI = growth inhibition; I = total inhibition; Neem Azal – Branded product, DAT = days after treatment
  38. 38. National Research Development CorporationNeem Stable Azadirachtin Field Trial Results  Okra Reduced Aza (RA) was significantly superior over Aza and more active than NeemAzal and Neem EC against borers and whitefly. Yield with RA was superior to that with Azadirachtin and at par with Endosulfan.  Tomato Efficacy of RA was at par with Endosulfan and superior to Aza, NeemAzal and Neem EC against hopper, aphid, and borer. The healthy fruit yield in RA treated plots was comparable to endosulfan treated plots.  Mustard RA was more active than Aza-A, neem EC and NeemAzal but less active than the synthetic Metasystox in reducing aphid population.
  39. 39. National Research Development CorporationNeem Stable Azadirachtin Toxicological Data  Toxicological evaluation for Technical Tetrahydro Azadirachtin was carried out at ITRC, Lucknow. No toxic effect has been observed.  Toxicological evaluation for formulation of Technical Tetra-hydro Azadirachtin was also carried out at ITRC, Lucknow. No undesirable effect was reported.
  40. 40. National Research Development CorporationNeem-BasedTechnologies Offered1. Extraction of Azadirachtin from Neem seed kernel2. Neem Oil Based pesticide EC formulation up to 1,500 ppm3. Solvent Based EC Formulation up to 50,000 ppm4. Solvent Based Eatin C with long shelf life with adjuvents5. Heat Light storage stable (Reduced) Azadirachtin6. EC formulation of Stable (Reduced) Azadirachtin up to 50,000 ppm7. Neem based products incorporating materials with controlled release and knock-down effect8. Ultra-refined neem oil for diverse use applications9. Polymeric seed coats based on bioactive botanicals10. Nano-formulation of Azadirachtin
  41. 41. National Research Development CorporationHumic Acid
  42. 42. National Research Development CorporationHA Humic Substance - Humic Acid • Humic substances exist in soil, ground water, streams and oceans. • Most widely distributed organic products for biosynthesis on the face of the earth. • They are very reactive and are important participants in many geochemical reaction and processes. • Humic substances make up about 80 percent of the soil organic matter in dark soils. • Humic substance are found in Lignite, brown coal, peat, sapropel and some organic matter. • Humic acid is one of the major components of humic substance and major constitutes of soil organic matter humus that contributes to soil chemical and physical quality.
  43. 43. National Research Development CorporationHA Multiple Function of Humic substance  Mobilization and transport of metal ions  Contribution to the cation-exchange capacity of peat, soil and water  Binding of various organic molecule such as carbohydrate, lipids and protein  Reduce the toxicity of some component in soil and water
  44. 44. National Research Development CorporationHA What do Humic Acid do ?  Physically modify and improve the soil  Increase germination of seed and viability  Stimulate plant growth by accelerating cell division  Increase the rate of development in root system  Improves the uptake of phosphates form fertilizer  Application of humic acid with liquid fertilizer enhances ability to act as buffer to salinity and toxicity of fertilizer, to increase permeability of water into cell and intra cellular plasma • Increase resistance to stresses and unfavorable factors of climate, atmosphere and soil impact • Improve the transportation of nutrient in plant and increase the water holding capacity of plant and decrease the consumption of water for normal plant growth • Neutralization of harmful substance
  45. 45. National Research Development CorporationHA Potassium Humate from Lignite  Potassium humate (A salt of Humic Acid) (2-4 %) is extracted from lignite  Technology developed by Neyveli Lignite Corporation Limited, Neyveli on a semi-commercial scale  Found to condition the soil structure, stimulates the plant growth and increases beneficial activities of soil micro-organisms which are essential for improving the crop productivity  Crop yields have increased from 10 to 30 per cent apart from reduction in the use of chemical fertilizers, which adversely affects environment  Potential for use in agriculture especially for field crops, commercial crops, horticultural crops, plantation crops, etc.
  46. 46. National Research Development CorporationHA Salient features of Technology • Raw material widely available in India • Patented and Proven • Very huge potential • Low manufacturing cost • Proven at fully functional semi- Potassium Humate –Liquid commercial plant product 2-4% Conc. • Ecofrendly process
  47. 47. National Research Development CorporationHA Manufacture of Potassium Humate from Lignite Humic Acid Pilot Pant Capacity-360,000 Lit per Annum
  48. 48. National Research Development CorporationHA Influence of Humic Acid on Onion Bulb
  49. 49. National Research Development CorporationHA Effect of Humic Acid on Capsicum • Method of application: Foliar spray (0.1 % HA, 3 times) once in 15 days • HA consumed: 500 ml • Recorded yield: 700 g/plant • For 900 plants: 630 Kg • Increased yield 30%
  50. 50. National Research Development CorporationHA Effect of Humic Acid on Tea • Foliar spraying of HA @ 0.25 to 2.00 after every picking • HA @ 0.50% showed marked increase in green leaf yield of tea • Quality parameters viz., theofillin, theorubigin, total liquor colour, caffeine, highly polymerized substances, aroma and flavour and polyphenol content of green tea were improved
  51. 51. National Research Development CorporationSuper-absorbent Hydrogel
  52. 52. National Research Development CorporationHydrogel Super-absorbent Hydrogel • Hydrogel prepared through crosslinking of monomer and possesses high water absorption capacity • Wide application in pharmaceutical, sanitary napkins, dipers, etc. • Huge potential for use in Agriculture as water economy aid in Dry-land agriculture • The new Hydrogel developed remains stable under high temperature conditions (50-600 C), possesses water absorption potential upto 35000% and remains stable in soil for long period
  53. 53. National Research Development CorporationHydrogel Super-absorbent Hydrogel Salient Features Water – Soil • Reduce evapo-transpiration, Enrich soil gradually • Watering frequency reduced • Severe water stress in plants prevented Erosion Limitation • Form aggregates with soil particles • Reduce effect of wind erosion • Reduce effect of water erosion Forestry • Useful in nurseries • Reduce transplantation shock • Make reforestation successful
  54. 54. National Research Development CorporationHydrogel Super-absorbent Hydrogel Salient Features Agriculture • Reduce drought effects • Enable crop production in arid areas Landscaping • Reduce watering frequency and leaching • Provide continuous water supply in root zone
  55. 55. National Research Development CorporationHydrogel Super-absorbent Hydrogel The hydrogel has been evaluated and found useful in:  High tech horticulture and floriculture  Dryland agriculture  Nursery raising in soil less medium Comparative rate of Establishment Comparative Root growth
  56. 56. National Research Development CorporationHydrogel Super-absorbent Hydrogel Without Hydrogel With Hydrogel and Aqua-ferti Field Trials of Hydrogel at IARI, Pusa on Maize
  57. 57. National Research Development CorporationHydrogel Field Trials of Hydrogel at IARI, Pusa on Tomato
  58. 58. National Research Development CorporationHydrogel Field Trials of Hydrogel at IARI, Pusa on Onion
  59. 59. National Research Development CorporationPolymeric Seed Coats
  60. 60. National Research Development CorporationSeed Coat Importance of Seed Coats  Seed is likely to play a major role in India’s efforts for second green revolution  Several national and multinational seed companies have already geared up to promote their business interest in the country  Seed coating technology is going to be of paramount importance in preserving the quality of the seed as well as in providing protection against pest disease both during storage and immediately on sowing  In view of current tirade against the use of synthetic pesticides, botanical products have been emerged as a viable option for pest control  Technology developed for Seed Coating uses botanical pesticides
  61. 61. National Research Development CorporationSeed Coat Polymeric Seed Coats  Azadirchtin based polymeric seed coats, dressing materials have been developed for seed protection  Such seed coats act as a barrier to moisture, reduce proliferation of storage fungi and prevent deterioration of seeds during storage  Powder or flowable slurry improve storability, germination, viability, plantability of seed and/or vigor of plant  Indian Patent application 1746/DEL/2006.
  62. 62. National Research Development CorporationSeed Coat Function of Seed Coat Seed coats based on botanical pesticide will help in  Improving germination, viability, plantability of a seed  Vigour of an agronomic plant that is grown from a treated seed that is planted in a pest infested location  Preventing the fungal/nematode/insect infestation that is a pest for the agronomic plant and against which a meliacin compound has bioactivity
  63. 63. National Research Development CorporationSeed Coat Novelty • Use of meliacins with or without polymer is not a prior art as a seed coat formulation. • non phytotoxic, effective, efficient and stable seed coat formulations containing azadirachtin-A/ other meliacins or other similar bioactive neem materials or other bioactive botanicals develop • The coat improves germination, viability, plantability of seed /or vigour of an agronomic plant that is grown from a seed
  64. 64. National Research Development CorporationLow Cost Plant Tissue Culture Medium
  65. 65. National Research Development CorporationTCM Plant Tissue Culture Medium • Plant tissue culture is a practice used to propagate plants under sterile conditions, often to produce clones of a plant • Plant tissue culture relies on the fact that many plant cells have the ability to regenerate a whole plant (totipotency) • Plant tissue culture medium comprises of macro-nutrients , micro-nutrients and hormones
  66. 66. National Research Development CorporationTCM New Development • The process developed is for preparation of ready to use liquid formulation/powder formulation • The novel culture medium was tested for – Dioscorea bulbifera (air yam) , – Solanum melanogena (brinjal) – Glycirrhiza glabra (mulhati) . • The performance of this medium was comparable to that of the MS medium • This medium is six times cheaper (estimated) than conventional plant tissue culture medium ( Murashige and Skooge)
  67. 67. National Research Development CorporationTCM Process • Relevant bacterial strain is mass cultivated in bioreactors in the first step • After cultivation, the medium containing the bacterial strain is centrifuged and the supernatant can be used as plant tissue culture medium • Powder formulation of the medium can also be prepared • The culture medium also contains hormones, which plays vital role in plants growth
  68. 68. National Research Development CorporationTCM Advantages • It is organic culture medium as the product is bacterial supernatant • The culture medium is also contains hormones , which plays vital role in plants growth • Cost is much less than conventional MS Medium
  69. 69. National Research Development CorporationTCM Novel Medium vs. MS Medium S.No Novel Medium MS ( Murashigue and Skooge) Medium 1. Naturally Produced Artificially Produced 2. Hormones are present Hormones are to be added naturally externally 3. Liquid / powder Only Powder formulation formulation Available Available 4. Its cost around Rs. 5 Its cost around Rs.34/litre per litre ( excluding hormones) 5. Tested and good Used and found good results in results found in Brinjal, ornamental, vegetables and Air Yam and Mulhati fruits
  70. 70. National Research Development CorporationTCM Novel Medium vs. MS Medium  One litre of MS medium is around Rs. 34 (including Agar)  The cost of one litre of Novel Tissue Culture medium is estimated to be Rs. 27 ( Including Agar) and it was found that it gives good result in five times dilution  The diluted (5 times) New Tisuue Culture medium thus costs Rs. 5 per litre  The cost per litre of novel medium is around Rs. 5 which is six times cheaper then MS medium.
  71. 71. National Research Development CorporationA Novel Composition of Trichoderma virens
  72. 72. National Research Development CorporationTricoderma Novel Composition  A novel formulation of Trichoderma virens has been developed at IARI, New Delhi, which finds application as a bio-control agent for controlling a number of plant pathogenic fungi.  A dormant stage of the agent has been used to develop the formulation with enhanced shelf life  A medium capable of supporting energy needs of the microbes has been employed  The shelf life of the formulation has been evaluated under accelerated storage (54  1oC, 25 g/cm2, 14 days)  Viability of the product has been established at the end of 14 days, suggesting a shelf life of over two years for the developed formulation
  73. 73. National Research Development CorporationTricoderma Salient features  Indigenous raw materials have been employed  The product is eco-friendly, with long shelf life  The process is simple and can be easily adopted  The product can be efficiently used for the control of a number of soil borne plant pathogenic fungi
  74. 74. National Research Development CorporationImprovement of fertilizer-N use efficiency throughNitrification Inhibitors and Slow Release products R1 CH=NR2 O R1 = H/NO2 R2 = substituted aryl
  75. 75. National Research Development CorporationNitrification Inhibitors Nitrification Inhibitors  To make Nitrogen (N) available to plants, it is fertilized with ammonium compounds, which are microbially oxidized / nitrified to nitrate in soil  Ammonium based fertilizers including urea are the most extensively used sources of fertilizer N for field crops  Fertilizers suffer from the drawback of low Nitrogen Use Efficiency (NUE) and contribute towards environmental pollution  Worldwide, the NUE for cereal production (wheat, corn, rice, barley, sorghum, millet, oat, rye, etc.) is approximately 33 per cent  The unaccounted 67 per cent represent a US $15.9 billion annual loss of N fertilizer, assuming fertilizer-soil equilibrium
  76. 76. National Research Development CorporationNitrification Inhibitors Nitrification Inhibitors The factors contributing to inefficient N-use include ammonia volatilization, nitrification, de-nitrification, nitrate-leaching etc. The nitrate is leached from soil more easily than ammonium Besides being non available for plant nutrition, it also contributes to health and environmental hazards through contamination of ground water as well as by de-nitrification
  77. 77. National Research Development CorporationNitrification Inhibitors Nitrification Inhibitors  Nitrification inhibitors stems from the fact that these retard nitrification and thus, reduce loss of nitrogen by leaching and de-nitrification  These keep nitrogen in ammonium form and thus regulate its oxidation, thereby extending the availability to plants  It also enables a check on nitrogen losses, thereby achieving more efficient use of nitrogen for crop production and in minimizing fertilizer nitrogen related environmental stresses, especially
  78. 78. National Research Development CorporationNitrification Inhibitors Potential nitrification inhibitors developed i) Schiff bases (substituted furfurylidene chloroanilines) R1 CH=NR2 O R1 = H/NO2 R2 = substituted aryl ii) Oximes ethers (N-O-Alkyl furfural oxime) R1 CH=NOR2 O R1 = H/NO2 R2 = alkyl
  79. 79. National Research Development CorporationNitrification Inhibitors Potential nitrification inhibitors developed iii) 5-Substituted-1,3,4-oxadiazole-2-thiols N N R1 O SH R1 = Alkyl, aryl, heterocyclyl iv) Novel compositions comprising an effective amount of fertilizer and Schiff base, oxime ether or related compounds. Under laboratory conditions these compounds/ products showed 60-80 per cent nitrification inhibition on 30th day at 5-20% dose as compared to up to 76 per cent inhibition by nitrapyrin (5%)
  80. 80. National Research Development CorporationNitrification Inhibitors Salient features  Required raw materials are readily and abundantly available.  The products are stable, safe and cost effective  The process can be demonstrated at bench scale  The compounds are effective as nitrification inhibitors/ slow N release products
  81. 81. National Research Development CorporationBio-release Zn-Fe-Cu-Mn Fertilizer
  82. 82. National Research Development CorporationZn-Fe-Cu-Mn Salient features:  Crystalline  Water solubility <10%.  It is water insoluble but soluble in citrate, DTPA (>90%), etc.  Non-hygroscopic and powdery.  It is water insoluble but plant available (citrate and DTPA soluble).  Very effective in small doses (@ 1 kg ha-1 Zn) which is about 1/4th to 1/5th the normal dosage  Produces significant improvement in yield and quality of crops  Cost effective
  83. 83. National Research Development CorporationZn-Fe-Cu-Mn Dosage at which responses have been observed  Zn: 1 kg ha-1.  Mn: 1 kg ha-1.  Cu: 1 kg ha-1.  B: 0.5 kg ha-1.  Fe: 2 kg ha-1.  Mo: 0.04 kg ha-1.
  84. 84. National Research Development CorporationZn-Fe-Cu-Mn Crop response:  Over 30% increase in rice, wheat and maize  25% increase in gram  25% increase in cabbage and radish  100% increase in chillies  50% increase in spinach  Significantly higher nutrient levels in crop  Significant increase in vitamin C content
  85. 85. National Research Development CorporationCrop Specific Foliar MicronutrientFormulation for Banana (Musa Sp.)
  86. 86. Banana Foliar National Research Development Corporation Crop Specific Foliar Micronutrient Formulation for Banana (Musa Sp.)  Micronutrients when foliar-applied are more readily available to the plant than soil-applied micronutrients  Foliar spray used to supplement soil applications of fertilizers and to correct deficiencies that develop during the crop production  Unique and cost effective crop-specific foliar micronutrient formulation for banana has been developed by Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru  Product developed based on the soil analysis, crop analysis and physiological studies of banana crop grown in all the major agro-climatic zones of the country  Trails have also been conducted in these zones where banana is grown in a large scale  The formulation can be sprayed on the foliage and bunches at the rate of 5.0 g/L of water along with a suitable wetting agent
  87. 87. National Research Development CorporationBanana Foliar Crop Specific Foliar Micronutrient Formulation for Banana (Musa Sp.) Process  The formulation consists of a blend of micronutrient salts and beneficial and compatible organic inputs  preparation of the formulation involves drying the raw material salts it under the sun, grinding the formulation to different mesh size in a pulveriser as a second step  mixing it in a sequence & adding anti-toxicity agent with the filler material  The formulation has shelf life period effectively for three years in any climate conditions and when exposed to moisture absorption there is no deterioration in quality
  88. 88. National Research Development CorporationBanana Foliar Crop Specific Foliar Micronutrient Formulation for Banana (Musa Sp.) Application  Foliar nutrients applied take just 24 to 48 hours to be used by the plant and hence can be effectively used for micronutrient deficiency correction  Can be used irrespective of the soil and climatic conditions viz., drought, water-logging, salinity, alkalinity, infection by nematode, fungus, bacteria, etc.  Can be sprayed five months after plants on and under the leaf surfaces and should be repeated during sixth, seventh and eighth month of planting  One spray is given on the bunch after one month of bunch emergence  The formulation can be mixed with any fungicide or insecticide  Spray should be preferably undertaken during the early morning hours and late evening hours
  89. 89. National Research Development CorporationBanana Foliar Crop Specific Foliar Micronutrient Formulation for Banana (Musa Sp.) Results and Cost-Benefit Analysis to farmers  NPK fertilizer use efficiency has improved to the tune of 60 to 80%  An average of 20% improvement in bunch yield and also improvement in the quality of the fingers has been recorded in all the agro-climatic zones of the country Trial conducted at farmer’s field  estimate made at R&D level the cost of the at Doddaballapur, Karnataka formulation is in the range of Rs.110.00-125.00 per kg  Average quantity required by farmer is 15.00 kg for a minimum of 3 sprays  Farmer has to invest an amount of Rs.1875.00 (Rs.125.00 x 15 kg,) for obtaining minimum average increase in yield of 20%  Farmer will be benefited with increase in yield ranging from 5000 kg to 10000 kg per hectare which amounts to an additional income of Rs.25,000 to Rs.50,000
  90. 90. National Research Development CorporationMicronutrient Foliar Formulationfor Vegetable Crop
  91. 91. National Research Development CorporationVegetable Foliar Micronutrient Foliar Formulation for Vegetable Crop  Excessive use of inorganic fertilizers and low organic matter in soil and introduction of high yielding hybrids resulted deficiency of micronutrients and has become a major problem  Correction of nutrient disorders through soil has become very difficult due soil degradation, poor root health and excessive phosphorus  The nutrients especially micronutrients when foliar- applied are more readily available to the plant than soil-applied micronutrients  Application of micronutrients through foliar spray is used to supplement soil applications of fertilizers and to quickly correct deficiencies that develop during the crop production  Foliar sprays as part of integrated nutrient management have become important in enhancing the yield and quality of vegetables
  92. 92. National Research Development CorporationVegetable Foliar Micronutrient Foliar Formulation for Vegetable Crop New Formulation  Micronutrient disorders are crop and location (soil) specific  Several commercial micronutrient formulations are available in the market, generally do not consider above facts, follow precaution and steps for efficient correction which results in poor correction of micronutrient disorders  Unique, safe and cost effective foliar micronutrient formulation for vegetables developed by Indian Institute of Horticultural Research (IIHR), Bengaluru  The product developed based on the soil analysis, crop analysis and physiological studies of vegetables grown in all the major agro-climatic zones of the country
  93. 93. National Research Development CorporationVegetable Foliar Micronutrient Foliar Formulation for Vegetable Crop Process  Micronutrient formulation is a combination of very essential nutrients, shelf life enhancers and filler material in required proportion & quantity.  This product has been found to be more effective when applied in the form of foliar spray  Preparation of the formulation involves drying the raw material salts it under the sun, grinding the formulation to different mesh size in a pulveriser as a second step  Mixing it in a sequence & adding anti-toxicity agent with the filler material  Packing of the material in double layered polythene bags in denominations of 2 kg may be undertaken  Product has shelf life of 2 years  Cost of Production of 1 Kg Formulation is about Rs.120.00.
  94. 94. National Research Development CorporationVegetable Foliar Micronutrient Foliar Formulation for Vegetable Crop Application  The formulation can be used irrespective of the soil and climatic conditions  Can be sprayed at 0.5 % concentration after one month of sowing/transplanting on and under the leaf surfaces and repeated after two months of planting, during flowering and fruit formation  Alternatively, the sprays can be taken up at intervals of fifteen days till harvesting of vegetables  The formulation can be mixed with any fungicide or insecticide  Spray should be preferably undertaken during the early morning hours or late evening hours  Dosages of application  Tomato, Cabbage, Cauliflower Capsicum: 5.0 g / Liter  Chilies, Brinjal, Onion, Potato, Winter Vegetables: 3.0 g / Liter  Beans, Ladys Finger Cowpea, Garden Pea: 2.0 g / Liter  Cucurbits (Cucumber, Pumpkin, Water Melon, Musk Melon, Bottle Gourd, Ridge Gourd, Bitter Gourd, etc): 1.0 g / Liter
  95. 95. National Research Development CorporationVegetable Foliar Micronutrient Foliar Formulation for Vegetable Crop Trials and results  Trails have also been conducted on many vegetables grown in a large scale in these zones • The product has been repeatedly tested by IIHR in farmer’s field in South India, Western India & North Eastern parts of India • The vegetable foliar formulation when applied takes just 24 to 48 hours for plant-uptake and hence can be effectively used for correction of micronutrient deficiency • An average improvement in yield of 20-30% in tomato, cauliflower and cabbage and also improvement in the quality like size and color of tomato, cauliflower and compactness of cabbage • In addition, the NPK fertilizer use efficiency also improved to the tune of 60 to 80% • It has also reduced flower drop in tomato, chilies and capsicum has been observed in all the agro- climatic zones of the country
  96. 96. National Research Development CorporationSeaweed Extract Fertilizer
  97. 97. National Research Development CorporationSeeweed Fert Seaweed Extract Fertilizer  Application of synthetic and chemical fertilizers adversely affects the health of humans, livestock and environment.  Recent researches proved that extract of seaweeds not only enhance plant growth and yield but also improves soil condition.  Seaweed fertilizer represents an alternative to synthetic and chemical fertilizers  Seaweeds are marine plants and grow naturally, in abundance, near seashore and contain mineral-rich nutrients  Seaweeds are also called macro-algae. Seaweeds are classified into three broad groups, i.e., Brown Seaweeds, Red Seaweeds and Green Seaweeds, based on the pigmentation of the plant.
  98. 98. National Research Development CorporationSeeweed Fert Seaweed Extract Fertilizer  Seaweeds are harvested from nature. Now- a-days they are also cultivated  The farming of seaweed has expanded rapidly as demand has outstripped the supply available from natural resources  The Know how offers a simple and novel process of production of Seaweed Extract Fertilizer (SEF) in liquid and powder form. Sargassum wightii  Seaweed Extract Fertilizer can be applied as an organic nutrition source for all type of crops, grasses and trees.  It has been observed that carbohydrates and other organic matter present in seaweed extracts alter the nature of soil and improve its moisture holding capacity. Enteromorpha sps.  Seaweeds contain trace elements and plant growth hormones that are utilized by plants for their growth.
  99. 99. National Research Development CorporationSeeweed Fert Seaweed Extract Fertilizer Natural Habitat of Seaweeds
  100. 100. National Research Development CorporationSeeweed Fert Seaweed Extract Fertilizer Collection & Harvesting of Seaweeds
  101. 101. National Research Development CorporationSeeweed Fert Seaweed Extract Fertilizer Manufacturing Process Collection of seaweed Dictyota dichotoma Extraction Filtration Processing Padina gymnospora Packaging Storage
  102. 102. National Research Development CorporationSeeweed Fert Seaweed Extract Fertilizer Application & Crop Response • The fertilizer contains mineral nutrients and trace elements, which enhance the plant growth. • It can be applied as foliar spray or directly applied to the soil as an organic nutrition source. • The experiments carried out on various plants using seaweed extract as Application of Seaweed Extract fertilizer showed higher rate of growth Fertilizer Through Spray and higher yield in cereal crops, vegetables, fruits, orchards and horticultural plants. • The results showed increase in seed germination, shoot length, root length, number of lateral roots, number of leaves, number of vegetables, length of vegetables, weight of vegetables and photosynthetic pigment concentration
  103. 103. National Research Development CorporationSeeweed Fert Seaweed Extract Fertilizer Advantages • A natural bioproduct • Can be applied to all crops at any stage of growth • Increases plant productivity • Increases uptake of soil nutrients • Increases resistance in plants against pests, drought and stress • Improves seed germination • Improves soil fertility, texture, organic matter content • Farmers can use SEF for organic food production and soil amendment
  104. 104. National Research Development Corporation CHO OH R O NPesticidal Oxime Ester R NH2OH.HCl R RCOCl T EA R N O T EA (COCl)2 O R N O O N R O
  105. 105. National Research Development CorporationOxime Ester Oxime Esters  Biologically active novel aliphatic and aromatic oxime esters having alkoxy, phenoxy, benzodioxole groups have been reported earlier as insecticides, insect growth regulators, or insecticide synergists.  There is however, no report of structurally related insecticidal oxime esters.  The technology developed by IARI is for preparation of novel oxime esters bearing the related moiety(ies) as potential pesticides.
  106. 106. National Research Development CorporationOxime Ester Salient Features  Oxime esters as Pesticidal application and process for their manufacture is reported first time.  Compounds are ecologically sound  Raw material required is readily available  Process has been patented
  107. 107. National Research Development CorporationOxime Ester Process  Process has been devloped for the preparation of a new group of pesticidal oxime esters of formulae i) (R1/ArA-CH=N-O-COR2/ArB ) and Ii) (ArA-CH=N-O-C(O)-(R/ArB)-C(O)-O-N=CH-ArA), wherein R1/R2/ArA/ArB represents substituted/unsubstituted straight chain or branched alkyl, alkenyl, aralkyl,alkylaryl, alicyclic or aromatic ring with one or more of hydroxy, alkoxy, alkenyloxy or phenoxy substituents, mono or dihalosubstituted phenyl or phenoxyalkyl group  The group may be of substituted straight chain branched alkyl, alkenyl, aralkyl, aralkylaryl, alicyclic or aromatic ring  The carbonyl compounds used are alkoxy phenoxy or alkoxy phenoxy benzaldehydes.  The compounds are reacted together to form a link between -CH=N-O and COR/AR.
  108. 108. National Research Development CorporationOxime Ester Formulation and Application  The pesticidal compositions include an inert solid or liquid carrier(s)/diluent(s), surfactant, swelling agent, dipersing agent or emulsifying agent to prepare various preparations such as dust, granule, emulsifiable concentrate, solution, etc.  The compositions may include compounds of different formula either alone or in the mixture and/or other ingredients including another pesticidal material eg. an insecticide, fungicide, nematicide or synergist.  Solid compositions (dust or granules) may preferably contain from 1 to 20% by weight of active ingradient.  The composition may conveniently be applied at an application rate of 5 to 500 g.a.i. per hectare.
  109. 109. National Research Development CorporationOxime Ester Bioactivity  The compounds as such or in various preparations have been found effective to combat pest infestation in agricultural crops, mosquito control and/or veterinary health  These compounds/products can be used to combat mosquito, insect pests of different types besides some fungi and nematodes infecting agricultural crops
  110. 110. National Research Development CorporationAlkane Polyol Alkanoates Pesticides RC(O)O[C6H10O-]nC(O)R n = 1, 2, 3
  111. 111. National Research Development CorporationAlkane Polyol Alkane Polyol Alkanoates  Several naturally occuring lower and higher fatty acids, glycerolipids such as 1,2-, 1,3-diacyl and 1,2,3-triacylglycerol, and glycolipids such as sugar have been reported to exhibit significant pest control properties  Being highly safe, such compounds find wide applications in food industry as emulsifiers and cakes, biscuits, shampoos, etc. or as stabilisers, wetting agents and as solubilisers for poorly water soluble drugs/chemicals  The availability of such natural esters in meagre quantities has been severe constraints in the large scale use  The process developed for the preparation of polyalkalides and their derivatives which have been found as potential pesticides particularly fungicides and nematicides.
  112. 112. National Research Development CorporationAlkane Polyol Salient Features  Raw material required are readily available  The products are cost effective, safe and ecological sound  Compounds are effective both as fungicide and nematicide.
  113. 113. National Research Development CorporationAlkane Polyol Process • Process developed for the preparation of pesticidal novel alkane diol/polyol mono/di/polyalkanoates of the general formulae: i) R-C(O)-O-[CH2-CH(R’)O-]n-C(O)-R, ii) R-C(O)-O-CH2-[CH(R’)]n-CH2-O-C(O)-R, iii) R-C(O)-O-[C6H10-O-]n-C(O)-R having substituted alkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkyl, aralkyl and aryl group(s) of varying chain length. • The compounds are exclusively mono, di, tri or polyalkanoate or mixture of one or more of such products • Compound(s) comprising the moiety HO-[CH2-CH(R’)O-]n-, HO-CH2-[CH(R)’-]CH2-O-, and -O-[CnH2n-2O-]- etc are reacted with compound(s) comprising a moiety COR/Ar to form the title compounds of formulae i), ii) and iii)
  114. 114. National Research Development CorporationAlkane Polyol Formulation and Application  These products are present either with an inert carrier, diluent, or surfactant, other additives to obtain a granular product or,  EC wherein the active ingredient may be present in an amount ranging from from 1 to 25% by weight either as such or,  in compositions comprising the title compounds as an active ingredient together with inert carrier/diluent and additives such as surfactants, synergists and/or other ingradients including another pesticidal material eg. An insecticide, fungicide, nematicide or synergist
  115. 115. National Research Development CorporationAlkane Polyol Bioactivity  The compounds or their relevant formulations can be used to combat insect, nematode and fungal infestation in agricultural crops and food commodities  These are particularly effective against root knot nematode Meloidogynae incognita, reniform nematode Rotylenchululus reniformis, and phytophagous fungi Rhizoctonia solani and Sclerotia rolfsii infecting agricultural crops
  116. 116. National Research Development CorporationTechnologies Offered - Bio-Pesticides (Selected)
  117. 117. National Research Development CorporationBiopesticidal NemaGel
  118. 118. National Research Development CorporationNeemagel Biopesticidal NemaGel  A novel gel formulation incorporating an indigenously available entemopathogenic nematode Termite (Steinernema species) in to the matrix Diamond back moth of an indigenous super-absorbent Hydrogel  The product has a shelf life of over 9 months at 40-45 0 C and 2-3 years up to 15 0 C Gram pod borer Cotton boll worm  Effective against a wide range of soil and foliar insect pests (such as diamondback moth,gram pod borer, rice borer,white fly, cabbage butterfly,cotton boll worm, cut worms, tobacco caterpillar, root grubs, desert locust, mole cricket, field cricket White Fly Root Grub ,rice grasshopper, red cotton bug, mustard aphid, termites, etc.)
  119. 119. National Research Development Corporation Infective Juveniles Infective Juvenile Production Enter via natural openings (or via cuticle for Heterorhabditis ) Release of Bacterial Cells Host DiesMating in 2nd Generation Mating in Steinernema Hermaphrodite in Heterorhabditis . Life cycle of Steinernema and Heterorhabditis
  120. 120. National Research Development Corporation CADAVERS KILLED BY ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODESSteinernema sp. Infected larvae Heterorhabditis sp. Infected larvae Brown, black etc Smoky red, brick red, orange etc
  121. 121. National Research Development CorporationNeemagel Biopesticidal NemaGel – Contd… Key Features:  Employs Steinernema thermophilum reported by IARI  The species is heat tolerant and can kill a broad range of soil and foliar insect pests  A novel process developed by IARI, New Delhi involves its entrapping and immobilization in the matrix of a specially developed super absorbent Hydrogel (another novel technology)  The Hydrogel is based on a natural backbone and can withstand high temperature in soil and is safe for environment
  122. 122. National Research Development CorporationNeemagel Biopesticidal NemaGel – Contd… Key Features:  Highly effective in tropical and sub-tropical climates  Its efficacy in field is visible within 24-48 hours of its application  The bioagent can effectively kill insect pests at a wide range of soil moisture levels (3-19%)  The product offers an effective two-in-one solution for management of insect pests and water in agriculture  It is safe to humans, plants, farm-animals, non-target organisms and the environment
  123. 123. National Research Development CorporationDevelopment of adult male & female inside the cadaver Oozing of male & female adults after puncturing Emergence of IJ from cadaver killed by Heterorhabditis Emergence of IJ from cadaver killed by Steinernema
  124. 124. National Research Development Corporation •100% Mortality within 24-48 h •100% cadavers showed C A emergence of nematode progenies after 5 days of inoculation D BBioefficacy of Steinernema thermophilum against termite:A- Dead termites at 48 hrs after inoculation;B: Dead termites at 4 days after inoculation;C & D: Nematode emergence from the abdomen, at 5 days after inoculation.
  125. 125. National Research Development CorporationNeemagel Biopesticidal NemaGel – Contd… Field Trial results Termite attack on Maize Termite attack on Groundnut Maize field after application of NemaGel – No termite and healthy crop
  126. 126. National Research Development CorporationBiofertilizer-cum-biofungicide /biobactericide composition B5
  127. 127. National Research Development CorporationB5 Biofertilizer-cum-biofungicide/biobactericide composition B5  A powdered formulation of strain bacterium Bacillus subtilis, effective in controlling disease caused by the pathogenic species:  Rolstonia solanacearum  Fusarium  Pythium  Phytophthora  Rhizoctonia  Sclerotium  Alternaria and  Pyricularia  Shelf life one year at room temperature (15-37C).  The organism produces an antibiotic metabolite, which is fungicidal, bactericidal, supports immune system, biosynthesizes siderophores, stimulatory and decreases toxicity.
  128. 128. National Research Development CorporationB5 Biofertilizer-cum-biofungicide / biobactericide composition B5–Contd. Salient features:  Indigenous raw materials have been employed.  The product is eco-friendly.  The process is simple and easy to adopt.  Controls soil/tuber borne disease up to 80%.  Increases crop yields up to 25%.  Compatible with systemic and contact fungicides viz., Benlate, Bavistin, Ridomil and Dithane M - 45.  Safe for person handling it and non target pathogens with no side effect on biodiversity.
  129. 129. National Research Development CorporationB5 Growth and yield promotion in potato
  130. 130. National Research Development Corporation Growth and yield promotion in wheatB5 Control B-5
  131. 131. National Research Development CorporationB5 Induction of plant resistance Control of neck blast of rice by Bio-B5
  132. 132. National Research Development CorporationManagement of White Grubs throughBiopesticide
  133. 133. National Research Development CorporationWhite grub Management of White Grubs through Newly Discovered Biopesticide  The talc-based formulation of the bacterial strain is effective in controlling all predominant white grub species, Anomala dimidiata, Holotrichia seticollis and Holotrichia longipennis with a mortality percentage varied from 40 to 90% under field condition.  Since the organism has a very strong perpetual effect, once applied a sustained reduction in the white grub population is obtained  The formulations is highly effective at a very low dose under field condition  Toxicological data and bio-safety tests reveals that the bacterial strain is biologically safe for non-target organisms.  The product is viable, economical, biodegradable and eco- friendly
  134. 134. National Research Development CorporationWhite grub Management of White Grubs through Newly Discovered Biopesticide - Contd…. White grubs beetle White grubs - Normal White grubs – Bacteria infected Talc based formulation of Application of talc based Bacillus cereus Bacillus cereus formulation of B. cereus through manure
  135. 135. National Research Development CorporationBT based Mosquito Larvicide
  136. 136. National Research Development CorporationBT BiopesticideBased on : Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) (Bt H-14)– a naturally occurring bacterial pathogen Seed productionNew Process for Formulation  Involves the separation of the spore toxin complex from the fermented broth and spray drying Production of Active Ingredient  The spore toxin complex (active ingredient) is encapsulated in calcium alginate, dried and packed in perforated Preservation of Seed lots plastic vials  Quality Control checks are conducted at all stages of production Fermentation for large scale production
  137. 137. National Research Development CorporationBT Biopesticide … ContdAdvantages Highly effective against Dipteran species Safe to mammals including humans and other non-target organisms Strong resistance management tool Compatible with most commonly used pesticides Easy to handle and require no skilled man power or machinery Residual activity well over two months and hence limited applications per year

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