• As we know youth is the future trustees of
prosperities. India with an amazing growth rate,
the youth force of India is contributing lot to the
• It is believed that principal reason behind Indian
progress is its youth force, highest in number in
• However, there is a problem. Huge numbers of
Indian youth are not only unemployed but
• India churns out tens of thousands of graduates each
year but less than half of them are "employable" or
least possess the basic skills necessary for any industry
role, says a report.
• Around 47 per cent graduates In India are
unemployable for any job.
• Nearly 47 per cent, were found not employable in any
sector, given their insufficient English language.
• A recent survey throws light on the problem, problems
with the educated youth.
• They are mainly lacking three type of skills.
Lacking of communication skill
Lacking of analytical skill and problem solving
• The unemployment rate per 1,000 population is
at 27, while it was 25 two years ago.
• As on January 1, 2010, the number of
unemployed was 9.8 million. By January 1, 2012,
it has increased to 10.8 million.
• During 2011-12, economic growth slipped to
6.2% from 9.3% in 2010-11, mainly due to
industrial slowdown .The growth rate further fell
to decade's low of 5% in 2012-13. This had
prompted many companies to cut jobs or freeze
Causes of Unemployment
Inverse relation of population and job opportunities
Unhealthy policies to attract foreign investors
Inadequate Employment Planning
Defective education system
Decline of Cottage Industries
Concentration on specific metro cities
Fragmentation of land
Reservation policy of central government
Increase in inflation
Increased education expectations
Lack of transport and communication in rural areas.
The decline in organized employment due to the decreased
role of the public sector after liberalisation.
Key to boost Employability
•Improvement in various fields according to requirement of
•Encouraging education leading to entrepreneurship development
•Framing Policies giving reasonable importance to every sector
considering national priority
•Develop new specialist courses for particular field.
•Skill based learning and encouragement for researches.
•New and strictly followed rules for colleges, institutes, universities
•Politics free and no profit based educational systems.
•Impart top priority to education and health
Key to Boost Employment
•Encouragement for enterprises, both government and private.
•Special encouragement for rural talent
•Make Loan, Land, Electricity, Water available at reasonable cost to
•Attractive wages for skilled labour
•Ideal Industrial waste management to curb pollution
•Emphasis on using invaluable IT “Technology” & value education
for social upliftment
•Amalgamation of trio “Jai Jawan! Jai Kisan! Jai Vidnyan! “
•Encouragement to advanced technology development
•Scholarships to economically weaker but talented class
•Relaxation in caste reservation mechanism
Solution for Unemployment
• Restructure education policy from middle school education, emphasis on
ambition of each student considering inherent qualities.
• Education system needs to be improved. It must include about fifty percent on the job training or practical training at every level.
• Development activities must be shifted to villages and small cities.
• Export of every item need to be increased by increasing the production.
• Migration of people to foreign countries, metros and big cities should be
stopped or reduced
• The population reduction or control increase the opportunity of
• Shifting tax burden to capital intensive firms and away from labour
• Monetary policy and fiscal policy can both be used to increase short-term
growth in the economy, increasing the demand for labour and decreasing
• By 2020, average age of an Indian expected to be
27, as compared to 37 for china and 48 for Japan,
so there is large scope for employment to young
generation at proper age by changing policies.
• The process of employment will be easy & strong
if dependence on economically talented class
rather than cast & creed.
• Considering National & International requirement
of human resource , the educational system and
industrial development need drastic change to
make India the “Golden Bird” again.
“EVERY BIG THING
START AS A SMALL!”