Coastal plains

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Coastal plains

  1. 1.  A plain adjacent to a coast is Coastal Plains.  Coastal Plains are characterized by an area of flat low lying land that is situated adjacent to a water body often a sea or ocean.  The Coastal Plains are separated from the interior of the larger land mass by unique features.  Coastal Plains have limited vegetation, however grasses and trees are not uncommon.
  2. 2.  Coastal plains are a geologic feature found around the world and on both the eastern and western coasts of India. Coastal plains are characterized by an area of flat low lying land that is situated adjacent to a water body often a sea or ocean. It is also of note that coastal plains are separated from the interior of the larger land mass by other unique features. Coastal plains have limited vegetation; however grasses and trees are not uncommon. The coastal plains of India are relatively expansive regions which contribute significantly to the geography of the region.
  3. 3.  The eastern coastal plains are located on a wide stretch of land between the Eastern Ghats of India and the Bay of Bengal. This stretch of land stretches to 120 km in width at parts. The eastern coastal plains extend from Tamil Nadu in the south to West Bengal in the north. The eastern coastal plains have rivers draining into them and river deltas also occupy the valleys. The region of the eastern coastal plains is an expansive area and is divided into six regions.
  4. 4.  The six regions of the eastern coastal plains of India are the Mahanadi Delta, the Southern Andhra Pradesh Plain, the Krishna Godavari deltas, the Kanyakumari Coast, the Coromandel and the Sandy Coastal regions.  The eastern coastal plains are characterized by a temperature that exceeds 30 degrees Celsius and also experiences high levels of humidity. The rainfall of the region is also abundant in the region with rainfall amounts in excess of 1000mm annually with the amount usually approaching 3000mm. It is also of note that this region of the eastern coastal plains is subject to both northeast and southwest monsoon rains when these storms are in season.
  5. 5.  The western coastal plains are located in the west of India between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea. They extend from Gujarat in the north down 50 km to the south in Kerala and are characterized by numerous backwaters and rivers that flow into the region. These rivers that flow into the region lead to the forming of estuaries that are found in the western coastal plains of India. The storm activity here is considerably less than on the eastern coastal plains. The maximum storm activity on the western coastal plains occurs in the month of March.
  6. 6.  The western coastal plains are smaller than their eastern counterpart and the region is divided into three parts. The western coastal plains are divided into the regions of Konkan, Kanara, and the Malabar Coast. The maximum storm activity on the western coastal plains occurs in the month of March.
  7. 7.  Gujarat  Maharashtra  Goa  Karnataka  Kerala  Tamil Nadu  Andhra Pradesh  Orissa  West Bengal
  8. 8.  Gujarat is a state located in North-west India.  It has an area of 196,204 km2 (75,755 sq mi) with a coastline of 1,600 km (990 mi), most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula, and a population in excess of 60 million.  Sabarmati is the biggest river of Gujarat followed by Tapi.  Narmada is one of the major rivers of peninsular India with a length of around 1312 km.
  9. 9.  Hingolgad  Marine  Nal Sarovar  Kachchh Desert  Ratan Mahal  Dhrangadhra  Dhumkhal  Daman and Diu
  10. 10.  Maharashtra has the 840km spread across.  The coastal zone of Maharashtra extends from 15 43’N and 20 10’N and longitude between 72 39E and 73 30’E.  Coastal districts is 30645.5 Km2 comprising built up land (1.58%), agricultural (44.14%), forests (19.48%), wastelands (28.72%)and water bodies (4.13%).  The Northern part of the coast is called the Konkan (Mumbai-Goa).
  11. 11. Station Temperature ( C) Rainfall (mm) Humidity (%) Wind Speed (kmph) Dahanu 12.9-36.0 771.7 68-89 14.3 Mumbai (N) 12.2-37.9 868.3 48-87 10.5 Mumbai (S) 15.8-35.6 750.4 61.87 9.5 Alibag 14.2-35.1 741.8 64-90 13.6 Ratnagiri 15.9-35.4 937.6 58-90 9.8 Devgad 16.2-34.5 839.4 60-90 6.8
  12. 12.  Ganapatipule  Ambarnath Temple  Ballaleshwar Ganapati  Elephanta Caves  Harihareshwar Beach  Kashid  Karnala Bird Sanctuary  Matheran  Sindhugurg Fort
  13. 13.  The coastal zone of Goa has been exclusively used for agriculture, farming shell fishing, traditional fishing and low-key recreation. Goa is very rich in Mangroves diversity.  Goa has a coastline of 101 km (63 mi).  Goa's main rivers are Mandovi, Zuari, Terekhol, Chaporakushavati river and the Sal.  The month of May is the hottest, seeing day temperatures of over 35 °C.  Goa has a short winter season between mid-December and February. These months are marked by nights of around 21 °C (68 °F) and days of around 28 °C.
  14. 14.  Abyss Marine Aquarium  Alorna Fort  British Cemetery in Goa  Carambolim Lake  Chapora Fort  Chorao Island  Madei Wildlife Sanctuary  Vintage Car Museum  Wax World Museum
  15. 15.  The Kanara or Canara region which is also known as Coastal Karnataka.  The length of this region from north to south is around 300 km and width varies from 30 km to 110 km.  Kanara is also known as the Karavali coast.  Rice, fish and coconut oil are commonly used ingredients in the food of the people of Karavali region.  The people of this region have always been known for farming and fishing.
  16. 16.  Mirjan Fort  Karwar  Murudeshwar  Mangalore  Udupi  Yana  Jog Falls
  17. 17.  Kerala (38,863 km²; 1.18% of India’s landmass) is situated between the Arabian Sea.  Kerala’s coast runs some 580 km in length, while the state itself varies between 35–120 km in width.  Kerala lies between north latitudes 8°.17'.30" N and 12°. 47'.40" N and east longitudes 74°.27'47" E and 77°.37'.12" E.  Kerala’s climate is mainly wet and maritime tropical.  Kerala’s average maximum daily temperature is around 36.7 °C; the minimum is 19.8 °C.
  18. 18.  Periyar  Eravikulam National Park  Munnar  Vagomon  Wayanad  Peermade  Ponmudi  Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve
  19. 19.  Tamil Nadu lies in the southernmost part of the Indian Peninsula.  It is bound by the Eastern Ghats in the north, the Nilgiri, the Anamalai Hills, and Kerala on the west, by the Bay of Bengal in the east, the Gulf of Mannar, the Palk Strait in the south east, and by the Indian Ocean in the south.  Tamil Nadu covers an area of 130,058 km2 (50,216 sq mi), and is the eleventh largest state in India.  Tamil Nadu has a coastline of about 910 km (570 mi) which is the country’s third longest coastline.
  20. 20.  Rameswaram  Kodikkari  Velankanni  Chidambaram  Pichavaram  Kanyakumari  Suchindram  Ooty  Pulicat Lake
  21. 21.  According to the 2011 census, it has an area of 92,906 square kilometres (35,871 sq mi) and a population of 34,193,868.  Literacy: 63%  Andhra Pradesh contains 259 coastal wetlands, covering an area of 18,552 km2, out of which 88 are manmade.  The coastal line of this region is the second largest in India, extending 960KM.
  22. 22.  Malpuda Beach  Sri Kalahasti Temple  Horsley Hills  Hindupur  Eluru  Golkonda Fort  Osman Sagar Dam  Charminar
  23. 23.  Odisha has a relatively unindented coastline about 480 km long.  According to 2011 census population of Orissa is 41,947,358.  The highest mountain peak in the state is Deomali which is 1672 m. It is also the tallest peak of the Eastern Ghats.  The population density is 269 per km².
  24. 24.  Konark  Kariapat  Harishankar  Talcher  Khandadhar  Tithlagarh  Rourkela
  25. 25.  West Bengal is a state located in the eastern region of India and is the nation's fourth-most populous.  The state capital is Kolkata.  The state has a total area of 88,752 square kilometres (34,267 sq mi).  This region contains Sandakfu (3,636 m or 11,929 ft)— the highest peak of the state.  The highest day temperature ranging from 38 °C (100 °F) to 45 °C (113 °F).
  26. 26.  Ballavpur  Ramnabagan  Parmadan  Holiday Island  Lothian Island  Dalma  Buxar  Sunderban

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