Agriculture is the Backbone of the Indian
economy. Around 70% of the country’s
population depend on it.
India Ranks second worldwide in terms of
agriculture produce. The Agricultural
produce in India feeds a population of 1
billion apart from exports.
Agriculture produce includes produce from
farms, poultry, dairy, fishery etc.
The Agriculture in India is seasonal and
the products has to be stored for a long
So there has to be proper storage facilities
to ensure that the sweat and blood of the
farmers don’t go in vain.
For this we have to ensure that the
farmers use good practices for storage
which is the aim of our field study
The main aim of our field study
To know the main agricultural products and
their storage methods being followed in
chitripur and nearby villages
To understand the various storage methods
and analyze them.
To come to a conclusion about the most
suitable methods that can be followed after
analyzing the financial conditions of the people
and the climatic conditions of the region.
To suggest the villagers some better methods.
The report mainly consists
about the details of :-
The agricultural products
Storing of agricultural
The major agricultural products are :
Sesame (til) oil
Mustard (sarisha) seed
The main source of
milk in the village is
cows, buffaloes and
Milk is mainly used
within the village
No storage is
Fish is grown in the
local ponds that are
owned by the people.
Fishermen are called
from outside. They buy
the fish and sell them in
the market the same
Hence, no storage is
Eggs and Meat
Egg is primarily
obtained from hen and
Meat is obtained from
goat and chicken.
It is consumed
No storage required.
Sesame seeds are
produced as secondary
crop in the village.
Farmers sell sesame
seeds directly to the
Sesame is very
profitable but the
demand is not
appreciable for this its
Storage of Sesame
Sesame seeds are stored in polythene or
Sesame oil is extracted in a oil mill near
The oil obtained from the mill is stored and
used for domestic purpose.
Paddy is produced two
times a year.
‘Aush’ and ‘Boro’ are the
types of paddy grown at
Among these, ‘Boro’ is
the most profitable type,
because of better
produce and better
quality of paddy grains.
Processing of Paddy
Paddy when reaped from the field, can be
directly stored after separating it from the hay.
It might also be stored in the form of rice after
Processing is done by boiling the raw paddy on
Then the paddy is left in large tanks of water for
2 to 3 days.
After the husks begin to separate from the rice,
the paddy is left to dry under the Sun.
Then, the paddy is taken to mills to separate the
rice from the husks completely.
The final product is stored in jute bags.
Storage of Paddy
Paddy is dumped
on the floor, if it is
not stored on the
This is because rats
create holes on the
ground and siphon
away the rice.
Storage of Paddy
If paddy has been
processed to rice, it is
stored in jute bags.
This is because even
a little amount of
moisture can cause
the rice to rot.
Byproducts of Paddy
Rice Husk obtained
from the paddy is
mostly used for
feeding the domestic
It is also stored in
gunny bags and sold
later to ice factories.
Byproducts of Paddy
Hay is obtained
from paddy and is
used for the purpose
of feeding the cattle
or for thatching the
It is stored by
stacking it at an open
place as shown
Our Inferences :
Requirements of storage
• Selection of site
• Selection of storage structure
• Cleaning and fumigation
• Drying and cleaning grains
• Cleaning of bags
• Separate storage of new and old stock
• Proper aeration
• Regular inspection
Traditional storage structures
Mud bin: Made by bricks and mud or by straw and cow
dung. These are usually cylindrical in shape with varying
Bamboo reed bin: Made by bamboo splits plastered
with mixture of mud and cow dung.
Thekka: These are made up of gunny or cotton cloth
wound around wooden support and generally in
Metal drums: Made up with iron sheets in cylindrical
and square shape with various sizes.
Gunny bags: Made up of jute.
Improved storage structures
Improved bins: Different organisations developed and
designed improved storage structures for scientific
storage of food grains, which are moisture resistant and
rodent-proof. These are:
a) Pusa Kothi c) Nanda bins e) PKV bins
b) PAU bins d) Hapur Kothi f) Chittore
stone bins etc.
Brick-build godowns :-These are made by brick-walls
with cemented flooring for storing paddy/rice in bulk and
Cement plastered bamboo bin: This bin developed by
Post Harvest Technology Centre, Kharagpur, in which
bamboo strips are used to form the skeleton of the bin
and cement-sand mortar (1:2.5 ratio) is plastered on
outer and inner surface of the bin.
CAP (Cover and plinth) storage: It is an economical
way of storage on a large scale. The plinth is made by
cement concrete and bags are staked on open and
covered by polythene cover.
Silos: Silos are used for storage of food grains. These
are made from concrete, bricks and metallic materials
with loading and unloading equipment.
We enjoyed a lot during our interaction
with the people of the village. They were
very kind and ready to share information
about their farms , revenue , storage and
their methods of cultivation.