Welcome to Schneider-Electric
India pvt. Limited, Goa
Product training presentation
Copper Department
Basic Information
Q1. What is “twisted pair”?
Ans: Twisted pair is a simple, oldest and low cost cable m...
Unsheilded twisted pair (UTP)
• UTP cable is a medium that is composed of pairs of wires. UTP cable is used in a variety o...
Shielded Twisted Pair (STP)
•STP cables have all the property same as UTP cables but the difference is of
shielding and sc...
CAT 5 CAT 6
Bandwidth Upto 100Mhz
Upto 250Mhz & in CAT 6a Bandwidth is upto
500Mhz
Copper Strands few(4-5) copper strands ...
Copper patch cord
•CAT 5 •CAT 6
Shielded CAT 5 patch cord
Shielded Connector
Unshielded patch cords
Actassi copper patch cord
Boot for Actassi patch cord
Unshielded Boot for patch cord
Copper Patch panels
Copper patch panel
CAT5
CAT6
Unshielded Shielded
48
24Shielding
On the basis of
Category
Ports
CAT 5
1...
2. On the basis of Shielding:
Unshielded Patch panel
Shielded Patch panel
2. On the basis of number of ports:
24 Ports Loa...
Faceplate IO
CAT6 Quad Faceplate
CAT6 Dual Faceplate
CAT6 Single (1 port) Faceplate
Testing of copper cable
Copper patch cord is been tested by fluke networks testing instrument.
Three types of testing are ...
FIBER Department
Q. What is Fiber optics?
Ans. Fiber optics is a medium through which signals/data can be sent from one
lo...
Advantages of fiber :
•SPEED: Fiber optic networks operate at high speeds - up into the gigabits
•BANDWIDTH: large carryin...
Fiber Patch cord/pigtails
In fiber patch cord the connectors
are attached to the fiber cable at
both the ends, whereas in ...
Single Mode(SM) Duplex pigtail
Single Mode(SM) Simplex pigtail Multi-Mode(SM) Simplex pigtail
Single Mode(SM) Duplex ACTAS...
Fiber Connectors
ST Connectors
ST – “Straight Tip” connector
that connects with a half-turn
twist.
Insertion loss:
0.40 dB...
SC connector
SC - “Subscription
Channel” connector.
A push-pull type of
optical connector.
Features:
•High packing density...
LC connectors
LC Duplex connector
LC - Precision PC(physical contact)
polished Zirconia cermic ferrule. RJ45
push-pull sty...
FC Connectors and MT-RJ connectors
FC - A threaded optical
connector. Good for single-
mode or multimode fiber
and applica...
Fiber Adaptors
LC duplex adaptors
LC Duplex (MM) Adaptor LC Duplex (SM) Adaptor
Other adaptors
ST simplex adaptorFC simplex adaptorSC simplex adaptor
Fiber LIU
Wall Mount LIU
Rack Mount LIU
Fiber Adaptor Panels
Blank adaptor panel
1x3 SC Duplex adaptor panel
1x6 FC Simplex adaptor panel
1x6 SC/LC Simplex adapto...
Solar cable
Conductor
•Solar cable is the interconnection cable used in photovoltaic power generation.
•Solar cable interc...
Thank you
Presented by: Abhishek Singh
email: abhikiit@yahoo.com
KIIT University, Bhubaneswar,
Summer intern 2013
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Induction(Product) training programme for Schneider-electric , Goa

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Induction(Product) training programme for Schneider-electric , Goa

  1. 1. Welcome to Schneider-Electric India pvt. Limited, Goa Product training presentation
  2. 2. Copper Department Basic Information Q1. What is “twisted pair”? Ans: Twisted pair is a simple, oldest and low cost cable medium. Two copper strands/wires, each encased in its own color-coded insulation, are twisted together to form a twisted pair. Multiple twisted pairs are packaged in an outer sheath, or jacket, to form twisted-pair cable. The purpose to twist is to reduce electrical interference or noise from similar close pairs. Twisted pair Unsheilded Twisted pair (UTP) Sheilded Twisted pair (STP)
  3. 3. Unsheilded twisted pair (UTP) • UTP cable is a medium that is composed of pairs of wires. UTP cable is used in a variety of networks. •When UTP used as a networking medium, UTP cable has four pairs of either 22 or 24 gauge copper wire. •UTP used as a networking medium has an impedance of 100 ohms, whereas other types of UTP wiring used for telephone wiring has an impedance of 600 ohms. Advantages: •UTP is considered the fastest copper-based medium today. (speed varies from 10-1000Mbps) •Cheaper then other media. •It is the most compatible cabling and can be used with most other major networking systems and does not require grounding. Disadvantages: • UTP cables are more prone to electronic noise and interference than other forms of cable. • Limited bandwidth, which restricts long distance transmission with low error rates.
  4. 4. Shielded Twisted Pair (STP) •STP cables have all the property same as UTP cables but the difference is of shielding and screening of cable. • Shielding provides a means to reflect or absorb electric fields that are present around cables. •The four pairs of wires then are wrapped in an overall metallic braid or foil, usually 150-ohm cable, here in Schneider Electric pairs are wrapped in a aluminum foil and thus we call it S/FTP. Advantages: •Higher transmission rates over longer distances. •Less susceptible to electrical interference caused by nearby wires Disadvantages: •More expensive than UTP. •Difficult to install and proper grounding is required. If it is improperly grounded, the shield acts like an antenna and picks up unwanted signals.
  5. 5. CAT 5 CAT 6 Bandwidth Upto 100Mhz Upto 250Mhz & in CAT 6a Bandwidth is upto 500Mhz Copper Strands few(4-5) copper strands in a inner insulated wire Comparably more copper strands (i.e cable is thick) than CAT 5 Transfer Speed Upto 100Mbps and 1000Mbps in case of Cat5e Upto 10Gbps(Cat 6a) Applications Commonly used in LANs, 100Mbps & 1000Mbps Ethernet Suitable for 10Mbps, 100Mbps (Fast Ethernet), 1000Mbps/1Gbps(Gigabit Ethernet) and 10Gbps (10-Gigabit Ethernet) Commonly used types of UTP cabling are as follows: •CAT 1—Used for telephone communications. Not suitable for transmitting data. •CAT 2—Capable of transmitting data at speeds up to 4(Mbps). •CAT 3—Used in 10BASE-T networks. Can transmit data up to 10 Mbps. •CAT 4—Used in Token Ring networks. Can transmit data up to 16 Mbps. •CAT 5—Can transmit data at speeds up to 100 Mbps. •CAT 5e —Used in networks running at speeds up to 1000 Mbps •CAT 6—Category 6 cable is currently the fastest standard for UTP 10 Gbps Different categories of Copper Cables
  6. 6. Copper patch cord •CAT 5 •CAT 6
  7. 7. Shielded CAT 5 patch cord Shielded Connector Unshielded patch cords
  8. 8. Actassi copper patch cord Boot for Actassi patch cord Unshielded Boot for patch cord
  9. 9. Copper Patch panels Copper patch panel CAT5 CAT6 Unshielded Shielded 48 24Shielding On the basis of Category Ports CAT 5 1. On the basis of category: The only difference is in design of the panel structure.
  10. 10. 2. On the basis of Shielding: Unshielded Patch panel Shielded Patch panel 2. On the basis of number of ports: 24 Ports Loaded patch panel 48 Ports Loaded patch panel
  11. 11. Faceplate IO CAT6 Quad Faceplate CAT6 Dual Faceplate CAT6 Single (1 port) Faceplate
  12. 12. Testing of copper cable Copper patch cord is been tested by fluke networks testing instrument. Three types of testing are there: Component testing, Channel testing & permanent testing Wire map can be known from the test and we can also know length of the wire. Through NEXT test we come to know the difference of electromagnetic interference between the pairs Return loss is the ratio of total transmitted power to reflected power. The more is the return loss the better is the patch cord
  13. 13. FIBER Department Q. What is Fiber optics? Ans. Fiber optics is a medium through which signals/data can be sent from one location to another in form of light guided wave through a hair like thin glass fiber Working Working principle of Fiber optic cable is “Total Internal reflection” Electrical to Light Conversion Light to Electrical ConversionElectrical pulse input Light pulse Light pulse Electrical pulse output Transmitter ReceiverWorking of Fiber system A transmitter is at one end. This is the origin for information coming on to fiber-optic lines. The transmitter accepts coded electronic pulse information coming from copper wire. It then processes and translates that information into equivalently coded light pulses. A light-emitting diode (LED) or an injection-laser diode (ILD) can be used for generating the light pulses. Using a lens, the light pulses are passed through the fiber-optic medium where they transmit light pulses to receiver end and receiver converts that light pulses in desired output.
  14. 14. Advantages of fiber : •SPEED: Fiber optic networks operate at high speeds - up into the gigabits •BANDWIDTH: large carrying capacity •DISTANCE: Signals can be transmitted further without needing to be "refreshed" or strengthened. •RESISTANCE: Greater resistance to electromagnetic noise such as radios, motors or other nearby cables. Fiber Optic Multi-ModeSingle Mode (Core dia 50-62.5 micron)(Core dia 8-10 micron) Advantages •Single mode cable provides less signal attenuation, Higher transmissions speeds, and up to 50 times greater transmission distance than multimode cable. •Higher transmissions speeds, and up to 50 times greater transmission distance than multimode cable. •Single mode cable can transmit data at terabits per second over 100km without requiring re-amplification of the signal. •Less attenuation •Multimode fiber optic cable and components are less expensive and easier to work with than their single mode. •High transmission is limited to shorter distances than single mode. •Multimode cable is also available as low-cost Plastic Optical Fiber (POF), which offers performance similar to glass cable for very short runs Disadvantages High cost of Fiber cable and connectors and adaptors as compared to Multimode More distortion in signal as compare to Single mode Applications Long high speed LANs Multimode fiber optic cable is well suited for systems that have short fiber optic links, such as Local Area Networks (LANs) and Storage Area Networks (SANs).
  15. 15. Fiber Patch cord/pigtails In fiber patch cord the connectors are attached to the fiber cable at both the ends, whereas in pigtails only one end is attached with connector and other end is open. Single Mode(SM) simplex patch cord Multi-Mode(MM) simple patch cord Patch cord Pigtail Single-mode fiber is generally yellow, with a blue connector and used for long transmission distance. Multi-mode fiber is generally orange or aqua, with a beige colored connector and used for short transmission distance.
  16. 16. Single Mode(SM) Duplex pigtail Single Mode(SM) Simplex pigtail Multi-Mode(SM) Simplex pigtail Single Mode(SM) Duplex ACTASSI patch cord
  17. 17. Fiber Connectors ST Connectors ST – “Straight Tip” connector that connects with a half-turn twist. Insertion loss: 0.40 dB (Single-Mode) 0.50 dB (Multi-Mode) Application: •Inter-/Intra-Building communication Yellow color cap is for Single-Mode Fiber patch cord Red color cap is for Multi- Mode Fiber patch cord ST connector without cap ST connector with cap
  18. 18. SC connector SC - “Subscription Channel” connector. A push-pull type of optical connector. Features: •High packing density •Low loss & low cost •Low back reflection Insertion Loss: 0.20-0.45 dB Applications: •Datacom •High-density applications Multi-Mode Connector Single-Mode Connector
  19. 19. LC connectors LC Duplex connector LC - Precision PC(physical contact) polished Zirconia cermic ferrule. RJ45 push-pull style housing and latching. Insertion loss: 0.15 dB (SM) 0.10 dB (MM) Applications: •High-density connections LC Simplex connector MM
  20. 20. FC Connectors and MT-RJ connectors FC - A threaded optical connector. Good for single- mode or multimode fiber and applications requiring low back reflection. Insertion loss: 0.50-1.0 db Applications: • Used in telephone • Instruments & Telecomm. • High-speed communication links FC simplex connector MT-RJ connector MTRJ connectors are, a type of hybrid connector b/w fiber optic cable and an Ethernet cable. Applications: •most commonly used in networking
  21. 21. Fiber Adaptors LC duplex adaptors LC Duplex (MM) Adaptor LC Duplex (SM) Adaptor
  22. 22. Other adaptors ST simplex adaptorFC simplex adaptorSC simplex adaptor
  23. 23. Fiber LIU Wall Mount LIU Rack Mount LIU
  24. 24. Fiber Adaptor Panels Blank adaptor panel 1x3 SC Duplex adaptor panel 1x6 FC Simplex adaptor panel 1x6 SC/LC Simplex adaptor panel 1x6 ST Simplex adaptor panel
  25. 25. Solar cable Conductor •Solar cable is the interconnection cable used in photovoltaic power generation. •Solar cable interconnects solar panels and other electrical components in the photovoltaic system. Outer covering Solar Cable
  26. 26. Thank you Presented by: Abhishek Singh email: abhikiit@yahoo.com KIIT University, Bhubaneswar, Summer intern 2013

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