The earliest known civilization in the Americas is the Olmecs. They had a long history, stretching from 1500 BCE to 400 BCE. The Olmecs had calendars and a written language, however, very little is known about their language.
). By 1200 BCE the Olmecs had cities that included the oldest pyramids we know of in the Americas, these early pyramids were earthen mounds and very little is known about them.
The Mayans are probably the most well known ancient Mexican culture because a lot of their history is still around today. The Mayan people were very diverse and could speak over thirty languages and lived in dozens of environments.
The Mayan gold and riches is what sparked Cortés’ interest in Mexico, he wanted to become extremely wealthy with all of the Mayan gold objects, This greed caused the Maya to be the first ones to fight the first battles against the Spanish invaders.
the Mexican War of Independence which began in 1810. This war was a conflict between the people of Mexico (Mexican-born Spaniards) and the Spanish colonial authorities and lasted eleven years. The war started when Hidalgo y Costilla declaration sparked a war. In 1821 independence from Spain was achieved by the Treaty of Cordoba and the First Mexican Empire began.
The New Republic adopted a liberal constitution which is very similar to that of the United States. The main political parties in the New Republic were the Conservatives and the Liberals. The Conservatives composed of people that favored the Catholic church, Landowners, and a monarchy while the Liberals were the people who favored a secular government and a republic.