Hydro E

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Hydro E

  1. 2. Hydro Power Plant <ul><li>India is Pioneer in HEP </li></ul><ul><li>Darjeeling(1898) and Shivanasamudra (1902) one of the first in Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>Installed Capacity – 36,647.76MW </li></ul>
  2. 3. Hydro Power Plant
  3. 6. Advantages of Hydro Power Plant <ul><li>Water is self – replenishing, non wasting. </li></ul><ul><li>Water reaches the powerhouse site on its own. </li></ul><ul><li>Water after producing electricity can be used for drinking or irrigation. </li></ul><ul><li>Efficiency of HEP is high(about 80%). </li></ul><ul><li>HEP has ver long life. </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance is easy and less expensive. </li></ul><ul><li>The percentage outage is low. </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits of recreation, fisheries etc. </li></ul>
  4. 7. Selection of sites <ul><li>Availability of water </li></ul><ul><li>Storage of water </li></ul><ul><li>Head of water </li></ul><ul><li>Distance of power station to the load centres </li></ul><ul><li>Accessibility of site </li></ul>
  5. 8. Classification of HEP Plant based on Capacity <ul><li>Micro Hydro plants : < 100KW </li></ul><ul><li>Mini Hydro plants : 100KW to 1MW </li></ul><ul><li>Small Hydro plants : 1MW to few MW </li></ul><ul><li>Hydro plants : More than a few MW </li></ul><ul><li>Super Hydro plants : More than 1000MW </li></ul>
  6. 9. Classification of HEP Plant based on Operation <ul><li>Base Load Plant – Continuous power generation </li></ul><ul><li>Peak Load Plant – Regulated Release of water is permitted </li></ul>
  7. 10. Classification of HEP Plant based on Head <ul><li>Low head plants < 15m </li></ul><ul><li>Medium head plants 15 – 70m </li></ul><ul><li>High head plants 71 – 250 m </li></ul><ul><li>Very High head Plants more than 250m </li></ul>

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