Reconstruction After Disasters: Ten Lessons (Learnt The Hard Way)<br />Abhas K. Jha,<br />Regional Disaster Risk Managemen...
1. It’s Important.<br />	Up to 80 percent or more of damage to infrastructure after major disasters can be housing.<br />
2. It Takes Time.<br />Be Prepared for the Long-Haul!<br />
3. Land Titles Often Are the Biggest Bottleneck<br />…but also an opportunity to resolve long standing issues related to:<...
4. Two Factors Determine the Success or Failure of the Program<br />The Damage Assessment<br />The Reconstruction Policy<b...
5. Owner Driven Reconstruction Works the Best.<br />The most empowering and dignified approach BUT requires<br />Training ...
6. Resettlement Rarely Works.<br />Resettlement is usually unsuccessful<br />Livelihoods<br />Socially and culturally inap...
7. Training Makes a Vital Difference<br />Detailed damage assessment<br />Data collection and information management  <br ...
8. Civil Society and the Private Sector Can Be a Vital Partner.<br />Constituency, capacity, outreach and skills<br />Over...
9. Reconstruction Can Be Used to Mainstream Disaster Risk Reduction.<br />Build back better!<br />Disaster resilience<br /...
10. Institutions Matter (a Lot!)<br />Authority<br />Autonomy<br />Political Support<br />Mandate, Policy and Plan<br />Ef...
Please join us!<br />www.housingreconstruction.org<br />ajha(at)worldbank.org<br />
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Ten Lessons

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Lessons Learnt from Major Post-Diaster Reconstruction Programs

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Ten Lessons

  1. 1. Reconstruction After Disasters: Ten Lessons (Learnt The Hard Way)<br />Abhas K. Jha,<br />Regional Disaster Risk Management Coordinator,<br />East Asia and the Pacific,<br />The World Bank.<br />AIDF, Washington DC<br />July 22, 2010<br />
  2. 2. 1. It’s Important.<br /> Up to 80 percent or more of damage to infrastructure after major disasters can be housing.<br />
  3. 3. 2. It Takes Time.<br />Be Prepared for the Long-Haul!<br />
  4. 4. 3. Land Titles Often Are the Biggest Bottleneck<br />…but also an opportunity to resolve long standing issues related to:<br />Extralegal or Informal Tenure<br />Poor Land Governance<br />Inferior Land Rights for Women<br />Highly Unequal Land Distribution<br />
  5. 5. 4. Two Factors Determine the Success or Failure of the Program<br />The Damage Assessment<br />The Reconstruction Policy<br />
  6. 6. 5. Owner Driven Reconstruction Works the Best.<br />The most empowering and dignified approach BUT requires<br />Training and TA<br />Updating codes [?]<br />Mechanisms to regulate prices<br />Financial assistance in installments linked to technical quality <br />
  7. 7. 6. Resettlement Rarely Works.<br />Resettlement is usually unsuccessful<br />Livelihoods<br />Socially and culturally inappropriate<br />Sometimes unavoidable<br />Environmentally vulnerable<br />Successful resettlement<br />Takes into account livelihoods<br />Partners with the community<br />Fully serviced plots<br />Socially and culturally appropriate<br />
  8. 8. 7. Training Makes a Vital Difference<br />Detailed damage assessment<br />Data collection and information management <br />Technical advisors and supervisors<br />Owners and builders in the field <br />
  9. 9. 8. Civil Society and the Private Sector Can Be a Vital Partner.<br />Constituency, capacity, outreach and skills<br />Overall Program/<br />Government objectives<br />Formalize relationship<br />Establish oversight mechanisms<br />Manage expectations<br />
  10. 10. 9. Reconstruction Can Be Used to Mainstream Disaster Risk Reduction.<br />Build back better!<br />Disaster resilience<br />Cultural heritage preservation<br />Land tenure/Land-use planning<br />Anti-corruption/Financial Tracking<br />Institutions<br />
  11. 11. 10. Institutions Matter (a Lot!)<br />Authority<br />Autonomy<br />Political Support<br />Mandate, Policy and Plan<br />Effective Relationships<br />Military<br />Local authorities<br />NGOs<br />Donors<br />
  12. 12. Please join us!<br />www.housingreconstruction.org<br />ajha(at)worldbank.org<br />

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