Athletic conditions that may respond favorably to treatment
Athletic Conditions That May Respond Favorably to Treatment 1. Ankle sprains 2. Calf strains 3. Foot injuries 4. Muscle fatigue 5. Pre-activity warm up period 6. Post-activity recovery, especially leg muscles Injured athletes have used the Treadwell® Wellness Device with positive outcomes. The device allows the user to warm up the muscles without fatiguing them or putting undue pressure on the feet and ankles should an injury be present. Several University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill basketball players used the Treadwell® during their 2008-2009 National Championship season. ATHLETIC CONDITIONS
» Athletes with Coeliac Disease » Cramps and Stitches » Dental Health for athletes » Eating Disorders in Athletes » Fighting Fatigue » Diabetes and Exercise » Iron Depletion in Athletes » Food Allergy and Intolerance » Bone Health » Allergy Action PlanATHLETES WITH COELIAC DISEASENutritious foods and fluids nourish our bodies, promote good health, and for athletes, help toenhance sports performance. However in some individuals with medically diagnosed CoeliacDisease, certain foods and fluids can cause adverse reactions ranging from mild to debilitating. Inathletes, these reactions may significantly impact performance but can be easily avoided.Coeliac disease is a genetic medical condition that results in permanent intestinal intolerance todietary gluten. When gluten is ingested, "villi" (finger-like projections in the small bowel) becomedamaged. This interferes with the absorption of nutrients and causes damage to other organs andsystems, including the bones. Adherence to a well-controlled gluten free diet prevents further
damage to the villi, and allows it to return to normal so that nutrients in foods can be properlyabsorbed.This can present an extra challenge for some athletes with higher carbohydrate requirements asmany high-carbohydrate foods are wheat-based or gluten-containing foods such as bread, pasta andmost breakfast cereals. Fibre requirements may also be more difficult to achieve and if this conditionis poorly managed, iron and other nutrient deficiencies are soon to follow suit.Please click here to download our fact sheetDENTAL HEALTH FOR ATHLETESAs an athlete, the dedication of training, eating well, staying hydrated and meeting nutritional goalshave one main aim: improving performance. Athletes consult with their sports physicians andphysiotherapists for physical health, their sports dietitian for a performance nutrition edge, but dentalhealth is often seen as a much lesser priority. But while dental health may not affect your day-to-dayon-field performance, or win you this year’s Best & Fairest, the consequences of poor dental hygieneare likely to catch up with you sooner or later in life.Sports products, including carbohydrate gels and sports drinks have been shown to improveperformance and time to fatigue, but these products need to be used carefully to avoid dentalproblems down the track.This is a must-read for athletes, coaches, parents, teachers, trainers and anyone else who usessports nutrition products!FIGHTING FATIGUEMost people will experience tiredness or fatigue at some stage in their lives. Fatigue occurs duringexercise and may be related to various nutritional factors, such as fuel depletion, low blood glucose(hypoglycaemia), and dehydration. However, tiredness can be a chronic condition that needs furtherinvestigation. Adequate nutrition is often overlooked as a contributing factor to fatigue. In manycases a simple change in eating habits can increase energy levels and improve performance.IRON DEPLETION IN ATHLETESElite and recreational athletes involved in regular intensive training programs can quickly depleteiron stores and are at risk of developing iron deficiency anaemia, a condition where there are notenough red blood cells. These athletes, and in particular, female and adolescent athletes, havehigher iron requirements than non-athletes.Dietary tips for preventing and treating iron depletion
Increase total consumption of iron-rich foods. This is especially important for athletes eating very little food. Choose a variety of iron-rich foods everyday. Eat lean red meat, poultry or fish and seafood preferably daily (eg in sandwiches or at an evening meal). Eat lean red meat (eg beef, veal, lamb) at least three to four times a week. If vegetarian, ensure food choices are iron-rich (eg eat baked beans, lentils and breakfast cereals regularly) and combine with Vitamin C-rich foods foods. (Good sources of vitamin C include citrus fruit, fruit juice, strawberries, kiwifruit, broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower and capsicum). Eat iron-enriched breakfast cereals regularly. Porridge and muesli are very nutritious but are not iron-enriched. Avoid consuming strong tea or coffee when you eat breakfast cereal or sandwiches because the tannic acid in tea and coffee binds to ironBONE HEALTH Bone is an active tissue, continually rebuilding itself throughout the lifespan Regular weight-bearing activity or strength training promotes optimal bone health which includes activities such as jogging, tennis, aerobics and walking. Activities such as cycling and swimming, while they are fantastic for aerobic fitness, dont increase bone mass. A diet rich in high-calcium foods, such as milk, cheese and yogurt or calcium-fortified soy milk help to make regular calcium "deposits" to the bone calcium bank. Excessive salt, protein and caffeine-containing food and drinks can increase calcium losses. People with osteoporosis need to take extra care when exercising. A qualified exercise physiologist or physiotherapist should supervise strength training to avoid injury. Female athletes with amenorrhoea for longer than six months, a history of anorexia nervosa, or a history of stress fractures may require routine screening for bone mineral densityCRAMPS AND STITCHESYou have trained hard, you are mentally focussed, your muscle glycogen levels are topped up, andyou have the desire to perform better than ever. You are now at your peak. But there are still twothings that can stop you dead in your tracks: the cramp and the stitch. They will over-ride all of yourmental and physical training and your performance will suffer.Cramp is due to an involuntary muscle contraction. While for a long time they have been associatedwith dehydration, heavy salt losses, or extremes of temperature, most recent evidence suggestsaltered neuromuscular function secondary to extreme fatigue in the exercised muscle as the mostlikely cause. Well trained athletes are at least risk of experiencing muscle cramps.The pain of the stitch is likely to come from the abdominal cavity. To reduce the risk of developing astitch during exercise, the athlete should avoid eating just prior to starting and adopt appropriatehydration strategies before and during sport. Water or sports drinks are the best choices.EATING DISORDERS IN ATHLETESEating disorders (anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder, and eating disorders nototherwise specified (EDNOS)) have been associated with athletes at all levels of sport. Often theeating disorder may remain undiagnosed or concealed due to the intense physical and mental stress
that athletes endure in their training and competition cycles. Sports performance commonly drops inathletes who suffer eating disorders due to poor nutrition and poor mental function. If untreated orundiagnosed, eating disorders can be life threatening.Why are athletes high risk for eating disorders?The pressures that place athletes at increased risk of developing an eating disorder include: Desire to optimise performance; Involvement in sport that emphasises physical appearance, size or leanness for optimal performance; Increased body awareness, which may exacerbate body image concerns; Personality characteristics often prized in athletes (drive, competitive, perfectionist and disciplined); High stakes associated with winning; Injury as a trigger for the onset of an eating disorder; and Influence of parents, coaches and fellow athletes.DIABETES AND EXERCISESMA, Sports Dietitians Australia and Exercise and Sports Science Australia (ESSA) have joinedforces to produce a fact sheet on Diabetes and ExerciseFOOD ALLERGY AND INTOLERANCENutritious foods and fluids nourish our bodies, promote good health, and for athletes, can helpenhance sports performance. However in some individuals, certain foods and fluids can causeadverse reactions ranging from mild to debilitating. In athletes, these reactions may significantlyimpact performance.Food Allergy generally occurs in people with an overactive immune system that can produce IgEantibodies to substances in the environment which are normally harmless. Food allergy usuallybegins early in life and is more common in babies and children than adults. Food intolerance is farmore prevalent amongst adults than food allergy. Unlike allergies, intolerances do not involve theimmune system. They are triggered by various natural food chemicals (e.g. salicylates, amines andglutamates) and/or food additives including artificial colours and certain preservatives (e.g. sorbates,benzoates, sulphites, nitrates and artificial antioxidants).ALLERGY ACTION PLANIndividuals considered at risk of anaphylaxis are generally advised to carry a self injectableadrenaline syringe for emergency use and have an emergency action plan. This must be easilyaccessible at all times, including when exercising. Responsible adults engaged in supportingathletes with allergy (including the coach, team manager etc) should be familiar with emergencyprocedures including use of an adrenaline syringe.