The decision making process

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The decision making process

  1. 1. Decision MakingProcess & Co-ordinationGroup members:• Yogesh Chaoudhary• Shivani Trivedi• Yatin Arora• Vinod Kumar1
  2. 2. The Decision making process The decision-making process isdefined as a set of different stepsthat begins with identifying aproblem and decision criteria andallocating weights to those criteria;moves to developing, analyzing, andselecting an alternative that canresolve the problem; implements thealternative; and concludes withevaluating the decision’seffectiveness.2
  3. 3. Models of decision making Descriptive decision-makingmodels attempt to prescribe howmanagers actually do makedecisions. Normative decision-making modelsattempt to prescribe howmanagers should process.3
  4. 4. Steps in an effectivedecision-making process:A. The first step is to identify theorganizational problem. The scanning stage. The categorization stage. The diagnosis stage.4
  5. 5. B. The generation of alternativesolutions step is facilitated byusing the four principles associatedwith brainstorming.• Don’t criticize ideas while generatingpossible solutions.• Freewheel.• Offer as many ideas as possible.• Combine and improve on ideas that havebeen offered. 5
  6. 6. C. The choice of an alternative stepcomes only after the alternativesare evaluated systematicallyaccording to six general criteria:• Feasibility.• Quality• Acceptability• Costs• Reversibility• The ethics criterion6
  7. 7. D. Finally, the implementingand monitoring.• Implementation requires careful planning.• Implementation requires sensitivity tothose involved in or affected by theimplementation.• Monitoring is necessary7
  8. 8. Co-ordinationCo-ordination as a function ofmanagement refers to the task ofintegrating the activities of separateunits of an organization to accomplishthe goals efficiently. It permeates alllevels and all departments ofmanagement. Hence, it is regarded asthe essence of management.8
  9. 9. Types of Co-ordinations Internal & External Co-ordination Vertical & Horizontal Co-ordination Pooled, Sequential, Reciprocal Co-ordination9
  10. 10. Why Co-ordination isimportant? Increases efficiency Improve human relation Interdepartmental harmony Key to other management functions High moral Meeting environmental challenges Better results Specialization & division of world Removes ambiguity10
  11. 11. Principles of Co-ordination Principle of direct contact Co-ordination should start at initialstage Principle of continuity Principle of self Co-ordination There is a reciprocal relationshipbetween all the factors and situation11
  12. 12. Techniques of Co-ordination Sound planning Sound &simple organization Chain of command Effective communication Special Co-ordination Sound leadership Hierarchy of authority Committees, task force or team12
  13. 13. Process Of Co-ordination13Clearer GoalsProper Allocation of WorkSound OrganizationStructureClearer ResponsibilityRelationshipProper CommunicationSound Leadership
  14. 14. Thank You14

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