P4 metaphor p4K &4C

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P4 metaphor p4K &4C

  1. 1. Metaphor A metaphor compares one item with another by saying that it is the other item. Eg. Your room is a pigsty. (Meaning: Your room is so dirty and smelly that it is like a pigsty.)
  2. 2. Purpose : Metaphors make our writing more interesting by making us look at things from a different light. Eg. My brother is a pain in the neck. ( Meaning : My brother gives me a lot of trouble )
  3. 3. Difference between a Metaphor & Simile A metaphor is similar to a simile but it does not use ‘like’ or ‘as … as’ in its comparison. Egs. 1) My fingers are icicles . (metaphor) My fingers are as cold as icicles . (simile)
  4. 4. 2) He has a heart of stone . (metaphor) His heart is as hard as stone . (simile) 3) He is a couch potato . (metaphor) He is like a couch potato . (simile)
  5. 5. <ul><li>List of Metaphors </li></ul><ul><li>You are the apple of my eye . </li></ul><ul><li>2) Your eyes are glistening jewels . </li></ul><ul><li>3) Sam has the heart of a lion . </li></ul><ul><li>4) The size of her brain is that of a walnut . </li></ul><ul><li>5) The noise is music to my ears . </li></ul><ul><li>6) He is a dog when he eats. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>How to write a Metaphor </li></ul><ul><li>Steps: </li></ul><ul><li>1) Choose a subject - eg. my brother </li></ul><ul><li>Consider his different attributes – eg. physical appearance, character/behaviour, attitude etc. </li></ul><ul><li>3) Decide on an attribute such as his physical appearance which you wish to compare him with. </li></ul><ul><li>Compare him with the chosen attribute to another item. </li></ul><ul><li>5) Write a sentence comparing him to another item in respect of the chosen attribute . </li></ul>
  7. 7. Example: 1) Subject: my brother 2) Chosen attribute: physical appearance 3) Compare him with: a flag pole 4) Writing a metaphor to compare him to a flag pole. Metaphor : My brother is a flag pole. (Meaning: My brother is thin and tall like a flag pole.)
  8. 8. <ul><li>Practice </li></ul><ul><li>Think of at least one metaphor to describe each of the following: </li></ul><ul><li>my English homework </li></ul><ul><li>a friend </li></ul><ul><li>3) my house </li></ul>

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