Ca1 assessment for learning (afl) p5 level blog
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Ca1 assessment for learning (afl) p5 level blog

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  • 1. CA1 Assessment For Learning (AFL) P5Do not repeat the same mistakes for SA1 P5 Teachers
  • 2. Subject-verb agreement 6) ______ of these men is the thief. The police is investigating.1)All2)Both3)Some4)Either Note: The subject must agree with the verb As in, singular subject matches with singular verb. Plural subject matches with plural verb.
  • 3. Subject-verb agreement Which is correct? All of these men is/ are responsible. Both of these men is/ are responsible. Some of these men is/ are responsible. Either of these men is/ are responsible. Note: Neither of these men is/are responsible. Learning points: Either and neither are seen to be singular subject.
  • 4. Subject-verb agreement Learning point: Either and neither are seen to be singular subject. Each, everyone, someone, anyone, no one, everybody, none are also seen to be singular. Is this correct? Everyone are paying attention now. x
  • 5. Subject-verb agreement 7) Each of these men ________ the gigantic cargo truck.1)drive2)drives3)driven4)have driven Note: The subject must agree with the verb Answer: 2
  • 6. Infinitive ‘to’ 10) A few people claimed to ______ strange noises coming from the vacant house at night.1) hears2) hearing3) had heard4) have heard Note: the rule of infinite ‘to’ applies here: eg. to eat, to hear, to climb, to have, etc.Answer: 4) have heard Is this correct? Many boys wanted to ran across the road. x
  • 7. Infinitive ‘to’ NOTE: however, there are exception to this rule for ‘to’ at times, it is not used as an infinite ‘to’. In the case of gerunds, for example: Peter prefers coffee to tea. OR Peter prefers walking to running. In the above example, the rule of infinite ‘to’ is not applied, as the phrase ‘prefers …to…’ is comparing 2 activites. ‘Running’ is the activity.
  • 8. Sensory verbs 12) The neighbour saw a man _______ over the fence last night.1) climb2) climbs3) climbed4) was climbing Note: Words like ‘saw’, ‘made’, ‘heard’ are sensory verbs. The verb that follows will be in its root form. If you saw him climbed… where’s there to see? As in, if he has already climbed over the fence, what’s there to see? Answer: 1) climb
  • 9. Synthesis/ transformationThe boy saw Mr Lee. The boy ran away.Upon______________________________________________.Note: The word ‘upon’ demands a gerund (an activityending with –ing)Tip: Use the verb that is given, change it into a gerund.In this case, see. Therefore, seeing.Answer: Upon seeing Mr Lee, the boy ran away.
  • 10. Synthesis/ transformationDave is strong and muscular. He swimsdaily.________________________who__________________________.Note: the pronoun ‘who’ is used here to describe Dave.Learning point: Either encased the details with a pair ofcommas or drop the commas entirely.Answer: Dave, who is strong and muscular, swims daily.OrDave who is strong and muscular swims daily.
  • 11. Synthesis/ transformationDennis asked Rose, “Where did you keep my calculator?”Dennis asked Rose ___________________________________.Note: This is a direct to indirect speech question.You will need to note the changes for pronouns, tenses, timeand place.Reminder: You should not apply the above rule for allsynthesis and transformation; this is only meant for direct toindirect speech or vice versa.Answer: Dennis asked Rose where she had kept his calculator.
  • 12. Synthesis/ transformationJenny used to be a national fencer. She was young then.In her______________________________________________.Note: This question requires a noun (abstract noun)Change the given adjective to a noun. In this case, it is ‘young’to ‘youth’.More examples: ‘beautiful’ to ‘beauty’determined to determinationstrong to strength, etc.Answer: In her youth, Jenny used to be a national fencer.
  • 13. Synthesis/ transformationBoth my brothers were out yesterday.Neither of _________________________________________.Note: Neither is seen to be singular. Remember toapply SVA.Note: The time tag, ‘yesterday’ should not bechanged to ‘the previous day’ as this is not a directto indirect speech question.Answer: Neither of my brothers was out yesterday.
  • 14. Synthesis/ transformation Note: There is another rule to remember for ‘Neither’ if it is paired with ‘nor’. This rule also applies for ‘Either…. or’. The rule is called rule of proximity (Closeness) Take for example: Neither Peter nor Jane is/are responsible for the broken vase. Neither Peter nor his friends is/are responsible for the broken vase. Either Peter or Jane is/are responsible for the broken vase. Either Peter or his friends is/are responsible for the broken vase.